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C-C chemokine receptor type 6

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Title: C-C chemokine receptor type 6  
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Subject: CXCR6, CCR9, IL3RA, C-C chemokine receptor type 7, CCR8 (gene)
Collection: Chemokine Receptors, Clusters of Differentiation
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C-C chemokine receptor type 6

Chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 6
Identifiers
Symbols  ; BN-1; C-C CKR-6; CC-CKR-6; CCR-6; CD196; CKR-L3; CKRL3; CMKBR6; DCR2; DRY6; GPR29; GPRCY4; STRL22
External IDs IUPHAR: ChEMBL: GeneCards:
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)
RefSeq (protein)
Location (UCSC)
PubMed search

Chemokine receptor 6 also known as CCR6 is a CC chemokine receptor protein which in humans is encoded by the CCR6 gene.[1] CCR6 has also recently been designated CD196 (cluster of differentiation 196).

Contents

  • Function 1
  • Molecular biology 2
  • Clinical significance 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5
  • Further reading 6

Function

This protein belongs to family A of G protein-coupled receptor superfamily. The gene is preferentially expressed by immature dendritic cells and memory T cells. The ligand of this receptor is macrophage inflammatory protein 3 alpha (MIP-3 alpha). This receptor has been shown to be important for B-lineage maturation and antigen-driven B-cell differentiation, and it may regulate the migration and recruitment of dendritic and T cells during inflammatory and immunological responses. Alternatively spliced transcript variants that encode the same protein have been described for this gene.[2]

Molecular biology

The gene is located on the long arm of Chromosome 6 (6q27) on the Watson (plus) strand. It is 139,737 bases long and encodes a protein of 374 amino acids (molecular weight 42,494 Da).[1]

Clinical significance

CCR6 has been associated with Crohn's disease.[3] Expression of CCR6 was found to be up-regulated in colorectal cancer. Novel researches identified microRNA that is able to downregulate CCR6 in cancer cell lines. [4]

References

  1. ^ a b Zaballos A, Varona R, Gutiérrez J, Lind P, Márquez G (October 1996). "Molecular cloning and RNA expression of two new human chemokine receptor-like genes". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 227 (3): 846–53.  
  2. ^ "Entrez Gene: CCR6 chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 6". 
  3. ^ Wang K, Zhang H, Kugathasan S, Annese V, Bradfield JP, Russell RK, Sleiman PM, Imielinski M, Glessner J, Hou C, Wilson DC, Walters T, Kim C, Frackelton EC, Lionetti P, Barabino A, Van Limbergen J, Guthery S, Denson L, Piccoli D, Li M, Dubinsky M, Silverberg M, Griffiths A, Grant SF, Satsangi J, Baldassano R, Hakonarson H (February 2009). "Diverse Genome-wide Association Studies Associate the IL12/IL23 Pathway with Crohn Disease". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 84 (3): 399–405.  
  4. ^ Rubie C (Feb 2014). "Chemokine receptor CCR6 expression is regulated by miR-518a-5p in colorectal cancer cells.". J Transl Med. 12.  

External links

  • "Chemokine Receptors: CCR6". IUPHAR Database of Receptors and Ion Channels. International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology. 

Further reading

  • Maruyama K, Sugano S (1994). "Oligo-capping: a simple method to replace the cap structure of eukaryotic mRNAs with oligoribonucleotides.". Gene 138 (1–2): 171–4.  
  • Zaballos A, Varona R, Gutiérrez J, et al. (1996). "Molecular cloning and RNA expression of two new human chemokine receptor-like genes". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 227 (3): 846–53.  
  • Liao F, Lee HH, Farber JM (1997). "Cloning of STRL22, a new human gene encoding a G-protein-coupled receptor related to chemokine receptors and located on chromosome 6q27". Genomics 40 (1): 175–80.  
  • Baba M, Imai T, Nishimura M, et al. (1997). "Identification of CCR6, the specific receptor for a novel lymphocyte-directed CC chemokine LARC". J. Biol. Chem. 272 (23): 14893–8.  
  • Wagner T, Tommerup N, Wirth J, et al. (1997). "A somatic cell hybrid panel for distal 17q: GDIA1 maps to 17q25.3". Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 76 (3–4): 172–5.  
  • Liao F, Alderson R, Su J, et al. (1997). "STRL22 is a receptor for the CC chemokine MIP-3alpha". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 236 (1): 212–7.  
  • Power CA, Church DJ, Meyer A, et al. (1997). "Cloning and characterization of a specific receptor for the novel CC chemokine MIP-3alpha from lung dendritic cells". J. Exp. Med. 186 (6): 825–35.  
  • Greaves DR, Wang W, Dairaghi DJ, et al. (1997). "CCR6, a CC chemokine receptor that interacts with macrophage inflammatory protein 3alpha and is highly expressed in human dendritic cells". J. Exp. Med. 186 (6): 837–44.  
  • Suzuki Y, Yoshitomo-Nakagawa K, Maruyama K, et al. (1997). "Construction and characterization of a full length-enriched and a 5'-end-enriched cDNA library". Gene 200 (1–2): 149–56.  
  • Yang D, Chertov O, Bykovskaia SN, et al. (1999). "Beta-defensins: linking innate and adaptive immunity through dendritic and T cell CCR6". Science 286 (5439): 525–8.  
  • Krzysiek R, Lefevre EA, Bernard J, et al. (2000). "Regulation of CCR6 chemokine receptor expression and responsiveness to macrophage inflammatory protein-3alpha/CCL20 in human B cells". Blood 96 (7): 2338–45.  
  • Douglas GC, Thirkill TL, Sideris V, et al. (2001). "Chemokine receptor expression by human syncytiotrophoblast". J. Reprod. Immunol. 49 (2): 97–114.  
  • Biragyn A, Surenhu M, Yang D, et al. (2002). "Mediators of innate immunity that target immature, but not mature, dendritic cells induce antitumor immunity when genetically fused with nonimmunogenic tumor antigens". J. Immunol. 167 (11): 6644–53.  
  • Ebert LM, McColl SR (2002). "Up-regulation of CCR5 and CCR6 on distinct subpopulations of antigen-activated CD4+ T lymphocytes". J. Immunol. 168 (1): 65–72.  
  • Liao F, Shirakawa AK, Foley JF, et al. (2002). "Human B cells become highly responsive to macrophage-inflammatory protein-3 alpha/CC chemokine ligand-20 after cellular activation without changes in CCR6 expression or ligand binding". J. Immunol. 168 (10): 4871–80.  
  • Hosokawa Y, Nakanishi T, Yamaguchi D, et al. (2002). "Macrophage inflammatory protein 3alpha-CC chemokine receptor 6 interactions play an important role in CD4+ T-cell accumulation in periodontal diseased tissue". Clin. Exp. Immunol. 128 (3): 548–54.  
  • Kim CH, Johnston B, Butcher EC (2002). "Trafficking machinery of NKT cells: shared and differential chemokine receptor expression among V alpha 24(+)V beta 11(+) NKT cell subsets with distinct cytokine-producing capacity". Blood 100 (1): 11–6.  
  • Ai LS, Liao F (2002). "Mutating the four extracellular cysteines in the chemokine receptor CCR6 reveals their differing roles in receptor trafficking, ligand binding, and signaling". Biochemistry 41 (26): 8332–41.  
  • Hoover DM, Boulegue C, Yang D, et al. (2002). "The structure of human macrophage inflammatory protein-3alpha /CCL20. Linking antimicrobial and CC chemokine receptor-6-binding activities with human beta-defensins". J. Biol. Chem. 277 (40): 37647–54.  
  • Maki W, Morales RE, Carroll VA, et al. (2002). "CCR6 colocalizes with CD18 and enhances adhesion to activated endothelial cells in CCR6-transduced Jurkat T cells". J. Immunol. 169 (5): 2346–53.  

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.



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