Cadmium red

Cadmium Yellow
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #FFF600
sRGBB  (rgb) (255, 246, 0[1])
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 4, 100, 0[1])
HSV       (h, s, v) (58°, 100%, 100[1]%)
Source Encycolorpedia
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Cadmium Orange
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #ED872D
sRGBB  (rgb) (237, 135, 45)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 43, 81, 7)
HSV       (h, s, v) (28°, 81%, 93%)
Source The Mother of All HTML Color Charts
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Cadmium Red
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #E30022
sRGBB  (rgb) (227, 0, 34)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 100, 85, 11)
HSV       (h, s, v) (351°, 100%, 89%)
Source The Mother of All HTML Color Charts
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Cadmium Green
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #006B3C
sRGBB  (rgb) (0, 107, 60)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (100, 0, 44, 58)
HSV       (h, s, v) (154°, 100%, 42%)
Source The Mother of All HTML Colo(u)r Charts
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Cadmium pigments are a class of pigments that have cadmium as one of the chemical components. Most of cadmium produced worldwide is used in the production of nickel-cadmium batteries, but about half the remaining consumption, which is about 2,000 tons annually, is used to produce colored cadmium pigments. The principal pigments are a family of yellow/orange/red cadmium sulfides and sulfoselenides. Cadmium yellow is cadmium sulfide (CdS); by adding increasing amounts of selenium, colors ranging from orange to nearly black (the color of cadmium selenide) can be produced. Cadmium yellow is sometimes mixed with viridian to give a bright, pale green mixture called cadmium green.

Artists paints

Brilliantly colored, with good permanence and tinting power, Cadmium Yellow, Cadmium Orange, and Cadmium Red are familiar artist colors, as well as being frequently employed as architectural paints, since they can add life and vibrancy to renderings. Their greatest use is in the coloring of plastics and specialty paints which must resist processing or service temperatures up to 3000°C.[2] The color-fastness or permanence of cadmium requires protection from a tendency to slowly form carbonate salts with exposure to air. Most paint vehicles accomplish this, but cadmium colors will fade in fresco or mural painting.

Cadmium sulfide and a mixture of cadmium sulfide with cadmium selenide are commonly used as pigments in artists' paints. They have an excellent reputation for color permanence although this is partially based on two reasons which are not necessarily directly related to their properties:

  1. when introduced, there were hardly any stable pigments in the yellow to red range, especially orange and bright red was very troublesome, when the cadmium pigments replaced e.g. mercury sulfide (the original vermilion), the light-fastness was greatly improved,
  2. companies sell the cadmium-containing paints at premium price. Although the pigments are certainly more expensive, the premium price is often not fully justifiable, with reasons more in the marketing area than in the actual raw material cost.

Light fastness

Cadmium pigments are known for excellent lightfastness, although the lighter shades can fade in sunlight.[3]

The cadmium pigments have been partially replaced by azo pigments. Their lightfastness is significantly inferior,[4] although still good,[5] and they have the advantage of both being cheaper and non-toxic. (Cadmium is a known carcinogen as well as acutely toxic.) In some countries, such as Australia, consumer activists such as Michael Vernon were successful in banning the use of cadmium pigments in plastics that could be used for toy manufacture, owing to the toxicity of cadmium.

References

External links

  • National Pollutant Inventory - Cadmium and compounds
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