World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Capital punishment in the Netherlands

Article Id: WHEBN0006115796
Reproduction Date:

Title: Capital punishment in the Netherlands  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Capital punishment in Europe, Capital punishment in Norway, Capital punishment in San Marino, Capital punishment in Spain, Capital punishment in the United Kingdom
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Capital punishment in the Netherlands

Capital punishment ("doodstraf" in Dutch) in the Netherlands was first abolished in 1870, though only in criminal law, by the Dutch justice minister Franciscus Gerardus Reinierdus Hubertus van Lilaar. Following the abolition of the death penalty, life imprisonment was made an official punishment in 1878.

Between 1945 and 1952 several war criminals from World War II were sentenced to death by the Bijzonder Gerechtshof. The last persons to be executed were Andries Jan Pieters and Artur Albrecht in March 1952.

In military law, however, capital punishment remained a legal option until 1983, when it was explicitly forbidden in the Constitution for the Kingdom of the Netherlands. In 1991, all references to the death penalty were removed from Dutch law.

Today the Netherlands operates a clear policy against capital punishment, such as not participating in extradition if the suspect has even the slightest chance of receiving the death penalty.


  • Article 114 of the Constitution Law (Dutch: Grondwet) prohibits sentencing someone to death.[1] This means that as a result, the death penalty does not exist in the Netherlands. It also means that the death penalty cannot be added to future or existing law articles. That would conflict with the Dutch Constitution Law.

Executed people

Executed person Date of execution Crime(s) By Where Method
Ans van Dijk January 14, 1948 Treason of 700 hiding Jews during World War II. She collaborated with the Sicherheitsdienst Bijzonder Gerechtshof[2] Fort Bijlmer Firing squad
Anton Mussert May 7, 1946 High treason during World War II. Bijzonder Gerechtshof[2] Waalsdorpervlakte Firing squad


General note: All sources are in Dutch.


  • Nationaal Archief, the largest public archive in the Netherlands.
  • Archief Ministerie van Justitie, the archive of the Dutch Ministry of Justice.


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b This court was established shortly after World War II, for crimes committed in WW II. 145 were sentenced to death, but only 42 were executed. Some of those executions were done by firing squad.

External links

Media related to Death penalty in the Netherlands at Wikimedia Commons

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.