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Carl Andræ

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Subject: Single transferable vote, Carl Christian Hall, History and use of the single transferable vote
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Carl Andræ

Carl Christoffer Georg Andræ
Council President of Denmark
In office
18 October 1856 – 13 May 1857
Monarch Frederick VII
Preceded by Peter Georg Bang
Succeeded by Carl Christian Hall
Personal details
Born (1812-10-14)14 October 1812
Died 2 February 1893(1893-02-02) (aged 80)

Carl Christopher Georg Andræ (14 October 1812, Hjertebjerg – 2 February 1893) was a Danish politician and mathematician. From 1842 until 1854, he was professor of mathematics and mechanics at the national military college. Andræ was elected to the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters in 1853. In the next year he became Finance Minister in the Cabinet of Bang before also becoming Council President of Denmark 1856-1857 as leader of the Cabinet of Andræ. After being replaced as Council President by Carl Christian Hall in 1857 Andræ continued as Finance Minister in the Cabinet of Hall I until 1858. Being an individualist he after the defeat of the National Liberals never formally joined any political group but remained for the rest of his life a sceptical de facto conservative spectator of the Constitutional Struggle.

Single transferable vote

Andræ developed a system of what is now called the single transferable vote (STV), which was used in Danish elections from 1855.[1] This was two years before Thomas Hare published his first description of an STV system, without reference to Andræ.[1] Though thoroughly convinced of the soundness of his method of electing representatives and ready to defend it in the cabinet or the parliament, he made no effort to bring it to the attention of scientific men and statesmen in other countries, much less to defend his claim as an inventor.



Political offices
Preceded by
Speaker of the Folketing
30 January 1850 – 3 August 1852
Succeeded by
Johan Nicolai Madvig
Preceded by
Wilhelm Sponneck
Finance Minister of Denmark
12 December 1854 – 10 July 1858
Succeeded by
Andreas Frederik Krieger
Preceded by
Peter Georg Bang
Council President of Denmark
18 October 1856 – 13 May 1857
Succeeded by
Carl Christian Hall


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