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Title: Castilianization  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Sambal people, Galician people, Arizmendi
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Castilianization or Castilianisation (Spanish: castellanización), sometimes also called hispanization, normally refers to a cultural change in which non-Castilian Spaniards are castilianized.

The term castilianization is most often used in relation to the regional languages of Spain (Basque, Galician, Catalan, Aragonese, etc.) that are threatened, not only because of language shift to Castilian but also because of progressive linguistic assimilation due to diglossia (e.g. these days Basque in the Southern Basque Country rarely creates new slang on its own, it merely copies new Spanish forms). It is also used to refer to the imposition of the Spanish language in the former Spanish colonies such as Mexico and its adoption by indigenous peoples. Until recently, castilianization has been the official policy of many Latin American countries. Only recently have programs of bilingual education been introduced to a substantial extent.

See also


  • Beatriz Garza Cuaron and Doris Bartholomew. Languages of intercommunication in Mexico. In: Stephen Adolphe Wurm, Peter Mühlhäusler, Darrell T. Tyron (1996), Atlas of languages of intercultural communication in the Pacific (1622 pages), pp. 1254–1290. Chapter 2. Historical outline, p. 1258, 2.1.5: Replacement of the dominant indigenous languages by Spanish, pp. 1260–1262. Chapter 4: Spanish as a language of intercommunication, from the Conquest to present. pp. 1270–1271.
  • Rainer Enrique Hamel: Bilingual Education for Indigenous Communities in Mexico. Encyclopedia of Language and Education (2008), Part 5, Part 18, pp. 1747–1758.
  • Juan Carlos Godenzzi: Language Policy and Education in the Andes. Encyclopedia of Language and Education (2008), Part 1, Part 4, pp. 315–329.

External links

  • Nereo Hancco Mamani (qhichwa yachachiq): Irqikunap qhichwa simi kastilla simi ima Qhiwar ayllupi rimasqankumanta - El quechua entre los niños de una comunidad bilingüe surandina del Perú y su fortalecimiento (in Spanish and Quechua, article on castilianization in the Quechua village of Qhiwar near Sicuani)


de:Hispanisierung es:Castellanización it:Castiglianizzazione nl:Verspaansing qu:Kastillanuchay

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