World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Censorship in Taiwan

 

Censorship in Taiwan

Censorship in Taiwan was greatly relaxed when the state moved away from authoritarianism in 1987. Since then, the media has generally been allowed to broadcast political opposition. Today, the focus of censorship is slander and libel, cross-Strait relations, and national security.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Post-democratisation 2
    • Political censorship 2.1
    • Cross Strait relations 2.2
    • Internet censorship 2.3
    • Future of censorship 2.4
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

In 1941, during the Second Sino-Japanese War, the second volume of the book "Inside Asia", by John Gunther, was prohibited and censored by the Republic of China (based in Chongqing), since portions of it reported on certain things in Northwestern China which Chinese Muslims were doing.[1]

In much of the martial law period of the Republic of China in Taiwan (1948–1987), the Kuomintang, as an authoritarian state, exercised strict control of the media. Parties other than the Kuomintang, Chinese Youth Party and China Democratic Socialist Party, were banned and media advocating either democracy or Taiwan independence was banned. Li Ao, a famous political activist in Taiwan, nationalist, and intellectual, had over 96 books banned from sale. Writer Bo Yang was jailed for eight years for his translation of the cartoon Popeye because the translation was interpreted as a criticism of leader Chiang Kai-shek. Taiwanese-language media was also banned, and children who spoke Taiwanese in school were physically punished. The revision of Criminal Acts against seditious speech in 1992 ended the persecution to political opponents.

Post-democratisation

Censorship laws remain in place as applicable to the Government Information Office (GIO). The formerly murky lines of control exercised by the government over the media through party-ownership of media assets during the Kuomintang era have now been resolved by the progressive divestiture of such assets by the Kuomintang under sustained pressure from the Democratic Progressive Party.

Political censorship

Laws governing elections and politics restrict the publication and broadcasting of political material. For example, in the local elections of 2005, CDs with videos ridiculing candidates were confiscated in accordance to the Election and Recall Act. Laws prohibiting the promotion of Communism has already abolished in 2011.[2]For example, Taiwan Communist Party obtaining registration as a political party in 2008, and become the 141st registered party in Taiwan.[3]

More covert moves have also been made by the government to censor unfavourable media. In 2006, the government under the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) refused to renew the broadcasting licenses of certain television channels suggesting that the broadcasters were not in compliance with broadcasting standards. However, this move became controversial because some of the channels who failed their broadcast license renewal have a reputation to favour the opposition Kuomintang in their programming.

Cross Strait relations

The use of overt and covert censorship in relation to mainland China and the People's Republic of China is an active area of controversy. For example, satellite channels perceived to adopt a pro-PRC or pro-unification editorial stance, such as Phoenix TV, were refused landing rights in Taiwan by the DPP-controlled government. Similarly, correspondent offices representing the PRC government-controlled Xinhua News Agency and the People's Daily were closed by the DPP-controlled government. These policies were reversed after the election of the Kuomintang in 2008.

Internet censorship

According to a survey conducted by Taiwan’s Institute for Information Industry, an NGO, 81.8% of households had access to the Internet at the end of 2011.[4]

The constitution provides for freedom of speech and press, and the authorities generally respect these rights in practice. An independent press, an effective judiciary, and a functioning democratic political system combine to protect freedom of speech and press. There are no official restrictions on access to the Internet or credible reports that the authorities monitor e-mail or Internet chat rooms without judicial oversight.

Future of censorship

The authority for censorship in Taiwan since 2006 is the [6]

See also

References

  1. ^ The China Monthly Review. 96-97. J.W. Powell. 1941. p. 379. Retrieved 4 June 2011. 
  2. ^ 不得主張共產分裂國土 刪除,中央社,2011/05/16 (Chinese (Taiwan))
  3. ^ 陳思穎 台北報導,〈人民可主張共產! 內政部:「台灣共產黨」申請備案獲-{准}-〉,《NOWnews》2008-08-12 (Chinese (Taiwan))
  4. ^ "Taiwan", Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2012, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, U.S. Department of State, 22 March 2013. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
  5. ^ "National Communications Commission Organization Act", Presidential Announcement, Gazette of the Office of the President No. 6658, November 9, 2005. Archived 15 August 2007.
  6. ^ "Experimenting Independent Commissions in Taiwan's Civil Administrative Law System: Perils and Prospects", Jiunn-rong Yeh, Workshop on Comparative Administrative Law, Yale Law School, 8 May 2009. Retrieved 27 December 2013.

External links

  • "Taiwan", Freedom in the World 2013, Freedom House.
Reporters Without Borders Annual Reports on Taiwan
  • 2002
  • 2003
  • 2004
  • 2006
  • 2007
International Freedom of Expression Exchange
  • "Taiwan highlights"
  • "Taiwan" at the Wayback Machine (archived February 2, 2007), 2 February 2007.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.