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Cervicitis

 

Cervicitis

Cervicitis
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 N72
ICD-9-CM 098.15, 099.53, 616.0
DiseasesDB 30734
MedlinePlus 001495
eMedicine med/323
MeSH D002575

Cervicitis is inflammation of the uterine cervix. Cervicitis in women has many features in common with urethritis in men and many cases are caused by sexually transmitted infections. Death may occur.[1][2] Non-infectious causes of cervicitis can include intrauterine devices, contraceptive diaphragms, and allergic reactions to spermicides or latex condoms.[3] The condition is often confused with vaginismus which is a much simpler condition and easily rectified with simple exercises. [1]

Contents

  • Causes 1
  • Mucopurulent cervicitis 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Causes

Cervicitis can be caused by any of a number of infections, of which the most common are chlamydia and gonorrhea, with chlamydia accounting for approximately 40% of cases.[4] Trichomonas vaginalis and herpes simplex are less common causes of cervicitis. There is a consistent association of M. genitalium infection and female reproductive tract syndromes. M. genitalium infection is significantly associated with increased risk of cervicitis.[5]

Mucopurulent cervicitis

Mucopurulent cervicitis (MPC) is characterized by a

  • Cervicitis images from the U. of Washington.

External links

  1. ^ Workowski KA, Berman SM (August 2006). "Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines, 2006". MMWR Recomm Rep 55 (RR–11): 1–94.  
  2. ^ a b Hynes NA (2008-10-30). "hopkins-abxguide.org". Point-of-care Information Technology. Johns Hopkins University. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  3. ^ MedlinePlus Encyclopedia Cervicitis
  4. ^ Mitchell, Richard Sheppard; Kumar, Vinay; Robbins, Stanley L.; Abbas, Abul K.; Fausto, Nelson (2007). Robbins basic pathology (8th ed.). Saunders/Elsevier. pp. 716–8.  
  5. ^ Lis, R.; Rowhani-Rahbar, A.; Manhart, L. E. (2015). "Mycoplasma genitalium Infection and Female Reproductive Tract Disease: A Meta-Analysis". Clinical Infectious Diseases.  

References

Patients who have MPC should be tested for C. trachomatis and for N. gonorrhoeae with the most sensitive and specific test available. However, MPC is not a sensitive predictor of infection with these organisms; most women who have C. trachomatis or N. gonorrhoeae do not have MPC.

usually does not occur in persons with persistent cases of MPC, other non-microbiologic determinants (e.g., inflammation in the zone of ectopy) might be involved. N. gonorrhoeae or C. trachomatis MPC can persist despite repeated courses of antimicrobial therapy. Because relapse or reinfection with [2]

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