World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Chacao Municipality

Article Id: WHEBN0003386857
Reproduction Date:

Title: Chacao Municipality  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Venezuela, Hugo Chávez, Caracas, Irene Sáez, Venezuelan presidential election, 1998, Alberto João Jardim, Chacao, Altamira (Caracas), Central University of Venezuela, El Hatillo Municipality, Venezuela
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Chacao Municipality

For other uses, see Chacao.

Coordinates: 10°29′N 066°50′W / 10.483°N 66.833°W / 10.483; -66.833

Municipio Chacao
(Chacao Municipality)

San José de Chacao Church
Official seal of Municipio Chacao (Chacao Municipality)
Seal
Chacao in Miranda State
Chacao in Miranda State

Coordinates: 10°29′47″N 066°50′56″W / 10.49639°N 66.84889°W / 10.49639; -66.84889

Country Venezuela
State Miranda
Seat N/A
Founded September 27, 1769
Incorporated 1991
Government
 • Mayor Emilio Graterón
Area
 • Total 12 km2 (5 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 64,629
 • Density 5,385.8/km2 (13,949/sq mi)
Time zone VST (UTC-4:30)
 • Summer (DST) not observed (UTC-4:30)
Website http://www.chacao.gov.ve/

Chacao is one of the five political and administrative subdivisions of the city of Caracas, Venezuela. The other four are Baruta, El Hatillo, Libertador and Sucre. This legal entity is known as the Caracas Metropolitan District. Chacao is also one of the 21 municipalities that make up the State of Miranda, Venezuela.

Geography

Chacao occupies the mid-eastern portion of the Caracas Valley, north of the Guaire River, bordering the other urban municipalities to the east, south and west, and the Avila National Park to the north.

Climate

The climate of Chacao municipality is classified as Intertropical because of its geographical position, its altitude of about 1,000 meters above sea level, and its annual minimum temperature of 18 °C. January and February are the coldest months with temperatures of 12 °C at night. The average high temperature is around 27 °C. The warmest months are April and May, when it can reach 34 °C.

The exception is El Ávila mountain, located over 2,100 mts., where the average annual temperature is around 15 °C, 5 °C in dry season and 25 °C at rain season.

Economy


Many of the city's shopping malls are located within the Chacao territory. The township also controls the most transited pedestrian access to the Avila National Park (Sabas Nieves), a popular destination for fitness-obsessed caraqueños. Other attractions include a restaurant district in the neighborhoods of La Castellana, Altamira and Los Palos Grandes, a Center for Performing Arts (CELARG) and the Chacao Culture Center, a public space dedicated to concerts, art expositions and other cultural activities. Parque del Este, the biggest urban park in Caracas, although largely in neighboring Sucre territory, has one of its main entrances in Chacao, making it a popular recreational and exercise area for the inhabitants of Los Palos Grandes and other Chacao neighborhoods.

The municipality has become a financial center after many of the country's banks moved their headquarters to the formerly residential neighborhood of El Rosal. The main street artery, Francisco de Miranda avenue and its vicinity, rivals Caracas' old downtown in office space availability, and is preferred by foreign companies with established offices in the country. Some signature office buildings include Parque Cristal, Letonia Center, HP Tower, Atlantic Building, La Castellana Center, Multicentro Empresarial del Este, Centro Lido, Centro San Ignacio, KPMG Tower, Forum Tower, Shell Tower, and other important architectural landmarks. Several other office buildings are occupied by government-controlled entities such as the Pequiven and Banco del Tesoro towers.

The traditional Venezuelan private sector has given way to new short-term businesses and franchises that bloom around the city thanks in part to soaring oil prices. Chacao is again an important player in this money wave craze, with commercial and residential real estate prices among the highest in the nation. The residential neighborhood of Campo Alegre has on average the highest priced real estate in the country.

Demographics


The Cathedral and Bolivar Square area, known as Pueblo de Chacao was home to Spanish, Italian and Portuguese immigrant waves, and today represents a middle class stronghold in the municipality. Small pockets of poverty, known as barrios, are also present, some of the best known are Pajaritos and El Pedregal which are surrounded by luxury condos and opulent houses.

Law and government

The constitution of Venezuela specifies that municipal governments be divided into executive and legislative branches. The executive government of the municipality is governed by the mayor, while the legislative government is managed by the Municipal council. On March 8, 2000, the year after a new constitution was introduced in Venezuela, it was decreed in Gaceta Official N° 36,906, that the Metropolitan District of Caracas would be created, and that some of the powers of Baruta would be delegated to the Alcaldía Mayor, which would also start governing the Libertador, Sucre, El Hatillo and Chacao municipalities. Venezuelan municipalities are subdivided in parishes.[1]

Former mayor Leopoldo López Mendoza, elected in 2000 and re-elected for the 2004-2008 term, has played a prominent role in anti-Chávez politics over the past eight years. On November 23, 2008, Emilio Graterón was elected mayor with 47,54% of vote.[2] Chacao has represented a stronghold for the Venezuelan opposition. Anti-Chavez votes have steadily represented between 85 and 95% of the total votes in the borough, throughout the length of Chavez's administration.

The Ministry of Transport and Communications has its headquarters in the Torre ITC in Chacao.[3] The Junta Investigadora de Accidentes de Aviación Civil, the Venezuelan aircraft accident investigation agency, has its headquqarters in Chacao.[4]

Mayors

Period Mayor  % of votes Political Party Notes
1992-1995 Irene Sáez Radical Cause First Mayor
1995-1998 Irene Sáez Radical Cause Re elected
1998-2000 Cornelio Popesco Accion Democratica
2000-2004 Leopoldo López 51 Primero Justicia
2004-2008 Leopoldo López 79,56[5] Primero Justicia/Un Nuevo Tiempo Re elected
2008-2013 Emilio Grateron 47,54[6] Popular Will Parties of Democratic Unity Roundtable represents 86,64% of votes

History


In Cumanagoto language Chakau (Chacao) means sand, the municipality was named after the Indian Cacique Chacao, who died defending his territory in 1567, the year when the city of Santiago de León de Caracas was finally established after more than three decades of unsuccessful attempts by the Spanish. The chosen location for Caracas Plaza Mayor and Cathedral was on the west side of the valley, making the fertile lands of Chacao (on the mid-east side) an ideal location for agricultural crops and establishment of haciendas. Spanish conquistador Diego de Losada, founder of the city of Caracas, included these lands in his jurisdiction.

The township of Chacao was founded by an immigration wave of the San Bernabé earthquake victims on June 11, 1641. It was officially made a Catholic parish with the foundation of San José de Chacao church.

After repeated epidemics and calamities affected Caracas, the Town Hall and the Governor and Commander in chief of the Province, Jose Solano y Bote, in 1764 thought about transferring the entire city to this location, an idea that was rejected by Caracas Bishop Mauro Tovar.

On April 15, 1769, the residents of Chacao asked for the creation of an independent ecclesiastical parish, Lieutenant Francisco Palacios y Sojo, made the request, after evaluating the economic conditions, the separation of Chacao from the Parish of La Candelaria was granted on September 27, 1769.

See also

Venezuela portal

References

External links

  • Official Chacao Municipality website

Template:MunicipiosCaracas

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.