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Chang-Du dialect

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Chang-Du dialect

Chang-Du
Nanchang
Native to China
Region Northwestern Jiangxi
Native speakers
(no estimate available)
Sino-Tibetan
Language codes
ISO 639-3
ISO 639-6 cagj
Glottolog chan1317[1]

Chang-Du or Chang-Jing dialect, sometimes called Nanchang dialect (simplified Chinese: 南昌话; traditional Chinese: 南昌話; pinyin: nánchāng huà) after its principal variety, is a dialect of the Gan language. It is named after Nanchang and Duchang, and is spoken in those areas as well as in Xinjian, Anyi, Yongxiu, De'an, Xingzi, Hukou, and bordering regions in Jiangxi province and in Pingjiang in Hunan province.

Phonetics and phonology

The Nanchang variety will be taken as representative.

Consonants

Consonants of Nanchang Gan
  Bilabial Alveolar Alveolo-
palatal
Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ  
Plosive voiceless p t   k  
aspirated    
Affricate voiceless   ts    
aspirated   tsʰ tɕʰ    
Fricative ɸ s ɕ   h
Approximant   l      

Tones

Nanchang has 5 tones, which are neutralized before a syllable-final stop.

Citation tones

Tone chart of Nanchang Gan
Tone number Tone name Tone contour Description
1 yin ping (陰平) ˦˨ (42) falling
2 yang ping (陽平) ˨˦ (24) rising
3 shang sheng (上聲) ˨˩˧ (213) dipping
4 yin qu (陰去) ˥ (5) high
5 yang qu (陽去) ˨˩ (21) low
6 ru sheng (入聲) ˥̚ (5) checked
7 ru sheng (入聲) ˨̚ (2) checked

See also

References

  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Chang-Du". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  • Běijīng dàxué zhōngguóyǔyánwénxuéxì yǔyánxué jiàoyánshì. (1989) Hànyǔ fāngyīn zìhuì. Běijīng: Wénzìgǎigé chūbǎnshè.(北京大學中國語言文學系語言學教研室. 1989. 漢語方音字匯. 北京: 文字改革出版社)
  • Norman, Jerry. [1988] (2002). Chinese. Cambridge, England: CUP ISBN 0-521-29653-6
  • Yuán, jiāhuá (1989). Hànyǔ fāngyán gàiyào (An introduction to Chinese dialects). Beijing, China: Wénzì gǎigé chūbǎnshè. (袁家驊. 1989. 漢語方言概要. 北京:文字改革出版社.)

External links

  • Cantonese and other dialects (in Chinese)
  • Classification of Gan Dialects from Glossika


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