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Chen Yi (general)

Marshal
Chen Yi
陈毅
Mayor of Shanghai
In office
1949–1958
Preceded by Zhao Zukang
Succeeded by Ke Qingshi
Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China
In office
1958–1972
Preceded by Zhou Enlai
Succeeded by Ji Pengfei
Secretary of the CPC Shanghai Committee
In office
1954
Preceded by Rao Shushi
Succeeded by Ke Qingshi
President of the China Foreign Affairs University
In office
1955–1969
Preceded by none
Succeeded by Liu Chun
Closed until 1980
Personal details
Born (1901-08-26)26 August 1901
Lezhi, Sichuan
Died 6 January 1972(1972-01-06) (aged 70)
Beijing
Awards
Military service
Nickname(s) Poet Marshal
Allegiance  People's Republic of China
Service/branch People's Liberation Army
Years of service 1927–1972
Rank Marshal of People's Republic of China
Commands Commander-in-Chief, Eastern China Field Army, Deputy Commander-in-Chief, Central China Field Army
Battles/wars Northern Expedition, Long March, Hundred Regiments Offensive, Chinese Civil War

Chen Yi (Chinese: 陈毅; pinyin: Chén Yì; Wade–Giles: Chen I; August 26, 1901 – January 6, 1972) was a Chinese communist military commander and politician. He served as Mayor of Shanghai from 1949 to 1958 and as Foreign Minister of China from 1958 to 1972.

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Biography

Chen was born in Lezhi County near Chengdu, Sichuan, into a moderately wealthy magistrate's family.

A comrade of Lin Biao from their guerilla days, Chen was a commander of the New Fourth Army during the Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945), spearheaded the Shandong counter-offensive during the Chinese Civil War, and later commanded the Communist armies that defeated the KMT forces during the Huaihai Campaign and conquered the lower Yangtze region in 1948–49. He was made a Marshal of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) in 1955.

Jakob Rosenfeld (center), Liu Shaoqi (left), and Chen Yi (right)

After the founding of the People's Republic of China, Chen became mayor of Shanghai. He also served as vice premier from 1954 to 1972 and foreign minister from 1958 to 1972 and president of the China Foreign Affairs University from 1961 to 1969. As vice premier, he was present during the breakup of Sino-Soviet relations. In August 1960, Chen Yi attempted to ease tensions with the Soviets, declaring on one instance to the Soviet Ambassador to Beijing that Moscow should stop "severing the friendship between the two nations.", and two weeks later to the Soviet deputy foreign minister that Moscow and Beijing should both try to save the alliance.[1] During the Cultural Revolution, he was criticized in 1967, but never dismissed, so Zhou Enlai performed the duties of foreign minister in his place. He was a member of the 8th CPC Politburo from 1956 to 1967 and he was not admitted to the 9th Politburo (1969), though he was a member of the 9th CPC Central Committee.

After Marshal Lin Biao's death in 1971, he was restored to favor, although not to his former power. Mao Zedong attended Chen's funeral in 1972.[2] This was Mao's last public appearance and his first appearance at anyone's funeral during the Cultural Revolution.

See also

References

  1. ^ Shu Guang Zhang, 2010, The Sino-Soviet alliance and the Cold War in Asia, 1954-1962. The Cambridge History of the Cold War, Vol 1, p.371.
  2. ^ Perlez, Jane (6 December 2013). "A Leader in Mao's Cultural Revolution Faces His Past". New York Times. Retrieved 26 December 2013. 

External links

  • Long March Leaders: Chen Yi (by Paul Noll)
  • 陈毅纪念馆 (Chen Yi memorial site; (Chinese))
  • 诗人元帅——陈毅 (The poet-general Chen Yi; (Chinese))
  • Handbook for the Chinese Civil War (US Naval War College)
Government offices
Preceded by
Zhao Zukang
Mayor of Shanghai
1949–1958
Succeeded by
Ke Qingshi
Preceded by
Zhou Enlai
Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China
1958–1972
Succeeded by
Ji Pengfei
Party political offices
Preceded by
Rao Shushi
Secretary of the CPC Shanghai Committee
1950–1954
Succeeded by
Ke Qingshi
Academic offices
New title President of the China Foreign Affairs University
1955–1969
Succeeded by
Liu Chun
Closed until 1980
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