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Chersky (settlement)

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Title: Chersky (settlement)  
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Language: English
Subject: Sergey Zimov, Pleistocene Park, Chersky Airport, Ambarchik, Polar Airlines
Collection: Populated Places of Arctic Russia, Settlements of Urban Type in the Sakha Republic
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Chersky (settlement)

Chersky (English)
Черский (Russian)
Черскэй (Sakha)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Settlement[1]

Location of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic in Russia
Chersky is located in Sakha Republic
Chersky
Chersky
Location of Chersky in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic
Coordinates:
Administrative status (as of June 2009)
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic[1]
Administrative district Nizhnekolymsky District[1]
Settlement Settlement of Chersky[1]
Administrative center of Nizhnekolymsky District,[1] Settlement of Chersky[1]
Municipal status (as of April 2012)
Municipal district Nizhnekolymsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Chersky Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Nizhnekolymsky Municipal District,[3] Chersky Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 2,857 inhabitants[4]
Time zone SRET (UTC+11:00)[5]
Founded 1931
Urban-type settlement status since 1963
Previous names Nizhniye Kresty (until 1963)
Postal code(s)[6] 678829–678831

Chersky (Russian: Че́рский; Sakha: Черскэй) is an urban locality (a settlement) and the administrative center of Nizhnekolymsky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the Kolyma River 1,920 kilometers (1,190 mi) east of Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. Population: 2,857 (2010 Census);[4] 3,832 (2002 Census);[7] 11,176 (1989 Census).[8]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Economy 2
  • Climate 3
  • References 4
    • Notes 4.1
    • Sources 4.2
  • External links 5

History

It was founded as Nizhniye Kresty (Нижние Кресты) in 1931. In 1963, it was granted drifting ice stations, which run a supply route via the Zhokhov Island.

Economy

The settlement is served by the Chersky Airport. In 1981 Sergey Zimov established here the Pleistocene Park, a place for studies of global warming, pleistocene ecology, and permafrost.

Climate

Chersky has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc).

Climate data for Chersky
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 3.1
(37.6)
1.3
(34.3)
3.4
(38.1)
10.1
(50.2)
27
(80.6)
32.2
(90.0)
35
(95.0)
29.7
(85.5)
23.7
(74.7)
11.7
(53.1)
5
(41.0)
5.1
(41.2)
35
(95)
Average high °C (°F) −29.3
(−20.7)
−28.6
(−19.5)
−20.1
(−4.2)
−10.1
(13.8)
4
(39.2)
15.2
(59.4)
17.3
(63.1)
13.8
(56.8)
6.3
(43.3)
−7.6
(18.3)
−20.5
(−4.9)
−27.7
(−17.9)
−7.27
(18.89)
Daily mean °C (°F) −32.5
(−26.5)
−31.6
(−24.9)
−24.1
(−11.4)
−14.6
(5.7)
−0.1
(31.8)
10.4
(50.7)
12.6
(54.7)
9.5
(49.1)
2.9
(37.2)
−10.4
(13.3)
−23.7
(−10.7)
−30.9
(−23.6)
−11.04
(12.12)
Average low °C (°F) −36
(−32.8)
−35.3
(−31.5)
−29.4
(−20.9)
−21.1
(−6.0)
−5.5
(22.1)
4.9
(40.8)
7.4
(45.3)
5.1
(41.2)
−0.4
(31.3)
−13.7
(7.3)
−27.2
(−17.0)
−34.2
(−29.6)
−15.45
(4.18)
Record low °C (°F) −52.2
(−62.0)
−53.9
(−65.0)
−48
(−54.4)
−40
(−40.0)
−30
(−22.0)
−8
(17.6)
0
(32.0)
−11.2
(11.8)
−15
(5.0)
−33.8
(−28.8)
−43.9
(−47.0)
−49.8
(−57.6)
−53.9
(−65)
Precipitation mm (inches) 23
(0.9)
13
(0.5)
13
(0.5)
18
(0.7)
25
(1.0)
51
(2.0)
61
(2.4)
71
(2.8)
56
(2.2)
41
(1.6)
25
(1.0)
18
(0.7)
415
(16.3)
Avg. precipitation days 12.2 9.2 10.9 8.2 9.2 8.4 10.0 11.3 14.8 17.9 14.3 14.9 141.3
% humidity 86.7 83.9 81.4 76.4 74.8 71.2 76.9 82.4 84.2 88.9 89.4 86.9 81.93
Source: http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=32152

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  2. ^ a b c Law #173-Z 353-III
  3. ^ Law #172-Z 351-III
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian).  
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  7. ^  
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Sources

  • Official website of the Sakha Republic. Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic. Momsky District. (Russian)
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #173-Z No. 353-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1058-Z No. 1007-IV of April 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №172-З №351-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №640-З №173-IV от 29 декабря 2008 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #172-Z No. 351-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #640-Z No. 173-IV of December 29, 2008 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links

  • (Russian) Unofficial website of Chersky
  • AP article about Chersky
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