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Chhipa

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Chhipa

Chhipa
Chhipa, a cloth printer from Tashrih al-aqvam (1825)
Regions with significant populations
Nepal,[1][2] India and Pakistan
Languages
Nepal Bhasa,[1][2] Gujarati, Kutchi and Marwari
Religion
Hindu, Buddhism[1][2]
Related ethnic groups
Ranjitkar, Chhipi and Chhimba

The Chhipa are a community specializing in coloring and dyeing of clothes.[1][2] They are found in Kathmandu (Nepal), Gujarat (India) and Karachi (Pakistan) .[3]

History and origin

A traditional block print

In Nepal

The word chhipa is believed to come from two Nepal Bhasa words, chhi (to dye) and pa (to leave something to bask in sun).[1][2]

In India

The word chhipa is derived from the Gujarati word chhapa, which means to print. They are Rajput. The community was originally found in Nagaur in Rajasthan. After their settlement in rajsthan and Gujarat, the community took up the occupation of dyeing and printing clothes. The community speak Marwari, and are found mainly in rajshan (jodhpur, bikaner, nagaur, kuchaman, kuchera, churu, hudas and etc..) and in north Gujarat, in the districts of Ahmedabad, Nadiad, Baroda and Bharuch. Most Chhipa also speak Gujarati.[3] Chhipa are also known as Chhimpa in Bikaner. In Punjab too, number of chippas live especially Bathinda, Malout, Muktsar, Moga and faridkot. There are 800 homes of Chippa in Bathinda alone. They belong to Sikhism. People from the chippa clan go to Ghuman Sahib to celebrate the birthday of Bhagat Namdev. Bhagat Namdev holy words are also in Guru Granth Sahib.

Surnames or Gotras of Chippa family are Battu, Taggar, Rai, Kamboh, Saggu, Sran, bagria, Hallan, Chahil, Aulakh, Bedi, karir, Pharwaha, Neeraj, Sappal, garcha, kainth, Jassal, vattu, Virpal, Braha or Birha, Purba, Gill (they are also found in Jatt clan) and Rohilla. Rakhra, Rai and Sran are all Jatt farmers who owned chippa shops with employees for hire. During tough drought times they would learn the skill of machining machines, carpentry or cloth manufacturing. Large amount of their income was from farming.

Some Kainth, Jassal, Birha and Vattu families live in Glasgow, Uk. They are migrated from Punjab (Moga, Kotkapura and Malout cities).

Present circumstances

In India

The Jat community is divided into a number of clans, known as Takhars, the main ones being the Tak, Jat, Deol, Chauhan and siani,pawar ,rao.Each of these clans except saini are of equal status, and intermarry. But the community has a marked preference for cross cousin and parallel cousin marriages. Surnames of of Chippa family are Battu, Taggar, Kamboh, Saggu, Bagria, Hallan, Chahil, Aulakh, Bedi, karir, Pharwaha, Neeraj, Sappal, garcha, kainth, Jassal (they are also found in Jatt clan) , Vattu, Virpal, Braha or Birha, Purba, Gill (they are also found in Jatt clan) and Rohilla. [3]

In Pakistan

Chhipa are a Sunni Hanafi Muslim Rajput community settled in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.

The Chhipa Welfare Association is funded by the Chhipa community of Pakistan. It is based in Karachi.[4]

Aamir Liaquat Hussain has given abandoned infants from Chhipa Welfare Association to parents who wanted to adopt babies in Amaan Ramazan show.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Author:Pratima Ranjitkar, Article: Majipatka Ranjitkarharu, Language:Nepali
  2. ^ a b c d e Author:Professor Bhai Raja Ranjitkar, Article:Ranjitkar, Language:Nepalbhasha
  3. ^ a b c People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Three edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 1181-1184
  4. ^ http://www.chhipa.org/ Chhipa Welfare Association
  5. ^ Abandoned babies given away on Pakistani TV programme

External links

  • Phada textile art of Chhipa in Rajasthan
  • Chhipa block printing in Rajasthan
  • Namdev Vanshi Chhipa community
  • Kathari block printing from 1895
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