World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Chromosome 14 (human)

Article Id: WHEBN0003407526
Reproduction Date:

Title: Chromosome 14 (human)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Bradykinin receptor, Chromosomes, Chromosomal translocation, Centromere, Human genome
Collection: Chromosomes, Chromosomes (Human), Genes on Human Chromosome 14
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Chromosome 14 (human)

Chromosome 14 (human)
Pair of human chromosome 14 (after G-banding).
One is from mother, one is from father.
Chromosome 14 pair in human male karyogram.
Features
Length (bp) 107,043,718 bp
Number of genes 1,655
Type Autosome
Centromere position Acrocentric [1]
Identifiers
RefSeq NC_000014
GenBank CM000676
Map of Chromosome 14
Ideogram of human chromosome 14. Mbp means mega base pair. See locus for other notation.

Chromosome 14 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. People normally have two copies of this chromosome. Chromosome 14 spans about 107 million base pairs (the building material of DNA) and represents between 3 and 3.5% of the total DNA in cells.

Identifying genes on each chromosome is an active area of genetic research. Because researchers use different approaches to predict the number of genes on each chromosome, the estimated number of genes varies. Chromosome 14 likely contains between 700 and 1,300 genes.

The centromere of chromosome 14 is positioned approximately at position 19.0-19.1 Mbp.

Genes

The following are some of the genes located on chromosome 14:

  • ATXN3: Ataxin-3 (Machado-Joseph disease)
  • COCH: coagulation factor C homolog, cochlin (Limulus polyphemus)
  • GALC: galactosylceramidase (Krabbe disease)
  • GCH1: GTP cyclohydrolase 1 (dopa-responsive dystonia)
  • IGH@: immunoglobulin heavy chain locus
  • IFT43: intraflagellar transport 43
  • MYH7: myosin heavy chain beta (MHC-β) isoform[2]
  • NPC2: Niemann-Pick disease, type C2
  • PSEN1: presenilin 1 (Alzheimer disease 3)
  • SERPINA1: serpin peptidase inhibitor, clade A (alpha-1 antiproteinase, antitrypsin), member 1
  • TSHR: thyroid stimulating hormone receptor
  • FAM71D: Family With Sequence Similarity 71, Member D

Diseases & disorders

The following diseases are some of those related to genes on chromosome 14:

References

  1. ^ "Table 2.3: Human chromosome groups". Human Molecular Genetics (2nd ed.). Garland Science. 1999. 
  2. ^ Quiat D, Voelker KA, Pei J, Grishin NV, Grange RW, Bassel-Duby R, Olson EN (June 2011). "Concerted regulation of myofiber-specific gene expression and muscle performance by the transcriptional repressor Sox6". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108 (25): 10196–201.  
  • Campo E (2003). "Genetic and molecular genetic studies in the diagnosis of B-cell lymphomas I: mantle cell lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, and Burkitt's lymphoma". Hum Pathol 34 (4): 330–5.  
  • Gilbert F (1999). "Disease genes and chromosomes: disease maps of the human genome. Chromosome 14". Genet Test 3 (4): 379–91.  
  • Heilig R, Eckenberg R, Petit JL, Fonknechten N, Da Silva C, Cattolico L, Levy M, Barbe V, de Berardinis V, Ureta-Vidal A, Pelletier E, Vico V, Anthouard V, Rowen L, Madan A, Qin S, Sun H, Du H, Pepin K, Artiguenave F, Robert C, Cruaud C, Bruls T, Jaillon O, Friedlander L, Samson G, Brottier P, Cure S, Segurens B, Aniere F, Samain S, Crespeau H, Abbasi N, Aiach N, Boscus D, Dickhoff R, Dors M, Dubois I, Friedman C, Gouyvenoux M, James R, Madan A, Mairey-Estrada B, Mangenot S, Martins N, Menard M, Oztas S, Ratcliffe A, Shaffer T, Trask B, Vacherie B, Bellemere C, Belser C, Besnard-Gonnet M, Bartol-Mavel D, Boutard M, Briez-Silla S, Combette S, Dufosse-Laurent V, Ferron C, Lechaplais C, Louesse C, Muselet D, Magdelenat G, Pateau E, Petit E, Sirvain-Trukniewicz P, Trybou A, Vega-Czarny N, Bataille E, Bluet E, Bordelais I, Dubois M, Dumont C, Guerin T, Haffray S, Hammadi R, Muanga J, Pellouin V, Robert D, Wunderle E, Gauguet G, Roy A, Sainte-Marthe L, Verdier J, Verdier-Discala C, Hillier L, Fulton L, McPherson J, Matsuda F, Wilson R, Scarpelli C, Gyapay G, Wincker P, Saurin W, Quetier F, Waterston R, Hood L,  
  • Kamnasaran D, Cox DW (2002). "Current status of human chromosome 14". J Med Genet 39 (2): 81–90.  
  • Lemire EG, Cardwell S (1999). "Unusual phenotype in partial trisomy 14". Am J Med Genet 87 (4): 294–6.  
  • van Karnebeek CD, Quik S, Sluijter S, Hulsbeek MM, Hoovers JM, Hennekam RC (2002). "Further delineation of the chromosome 14q terminal deletion syndrome". Am J Med Genet 110 (1): 65–72.  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.