World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

CineForm

Article Id: WHEBN0023424419
Reproduction Date:

Title: CineForm  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of codecs, GoPro, Qualcomm code-excited linear prediction, YULS, DTS-HD Master Audio
Collection: Video Codecs
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

CineForm

CineForm Intermediate is a proprietary video codec developed for CineForm Inc by David Taylor, David Newman and Brian Schunck. On March 30, 2011, the company was acquired by GoPro which in particular wanted to use the 3D film capabilities of the CineForm 444 Codec for its 3D HERO System.

The press release in the GoPro acquisition noted that CineForm's codec has been used in several major movies including Slumdog Millionaire.[1][2]

Contents

  • CineForm History 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

CineForm History

The CineForm Intermediate Codec was originally designed in 2002 for compressed Digital Intermediate workflows for film or television applications using HD or higher resolution media. The CineForm media is most commonly wrapped within AVI or MOV files types, using the 'CFHD' FOURCC code for all compressed media types.

Current implementations support image formatting for 10-bit 4:2:2 YUV, 12-bit 4:4:4 RGB and RGBA, and 12-bit CFA Bayer filter RAW compression (as used with the Silicon Imaging SI-2K camera.)

All compression is based on an integer reversible wavelet compression kernel, with non-linear quantizer to achieve higher compression. Compression data-rates typically range from 10:1 to 3.5:1, based on quality settings. There is also an uncompressed mode for RAW files.

The codec uses a constant quality design, such that the data rate will vary based on the source image data. It shares some properties with other wavelet codecs, like JPEG 2000, yet it trades off some compression efficiency (larger file sizes) for greater decode and encode performance. Currently, CineForm is only available as software implementations on Mac OS and Microsoft Windows platforms, however a Linux SDK is available.

There is also the DPC format (also known as DPX-C), which is a DPX file header with or without an uncompressed DPX image part that is just containing a thumbnail. Then a compressed CineForm sample is attached to that file, containing the wavelet compressed image in full size. The format is being used in post production when CineForm files need to be rendered by render farms. There are tools to split up CineForm AVI or MOV files into DPC file sequences, and vice versa, to reassemble CineForm MOV and AVI files from DPC sequences. These steps just copy data and do not reencode the images, thus are extremely fast and do not cause iterative recompression artefacts.

There are plugins for Eyeon Fusion and The Foundry Nuke compositing systems to read and write the CineForm DPC, AVI and MOV files natively. These plugins have been developed by Magna Mana Production.

CineForm is very stable to iterative recompression.

Compared to JPEG2000, CineForm has a slightly higher data rate at similar PSNRs (peak signal to noise ratios) with the benefit of being up to 7 times faster to encode/decode on the same hardware.

According to a GoPro press release,[3] SMPTE has standardized the CineForm codec as the SMPTE ST 2073 VC-5 video compression standard.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://gopro.com/gopro%C2%AE-leading-activity-image-capture-company-acquires-award-winning-video-compression-software-company-cineform%C2%AE-inc/
  2. ^ http://www.nextwavedv.com/gopro-sports-camera-manufacturer-acquires-cineform-video-compression-software-company/
  3. ^ http://gopro.com/news/professional-filmmakers-tap-gopro-to-deliver-stunning-content-for-the-big-screen-and-tv
  4. ^ http://standards.smpte.org/content/978-1-61482-797-9/st-2073-1-2014/SEC1.abstract?sid=e1bda734-f20c-4e09-b794-705edb3d8f7a
  • http://www.fourcc.org/codecs.php list of codec four digit codes (like DIV3, XVID, ...)

External links

  • CineForm Main page
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.