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Colony (biology)

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Title: Colony (biology)  
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Subject: Volvox, Equisetum hyemale, European ground squirrel, Chordate, Evolutionary history of life
Collection: Community Ecology, Environmental Terminology, Habitat, Microbiology Terms
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Colony (biology)

In species living closely together, usually for mutual benefit, such as stronger defense or the ability to attack bigger prey. Some insects (ants and honey bees, for example) live only in colonies.

A colonial organism is an organism composed of multiple constituent organisms. The organisms can be unicellular, as in the simple plant polyp or related forms. These four types can be readily seen to be analogs of one another (or of immature stages), and also of related free-living cnidarians such as jellyfish.

A microbial colony is defined as a visible cluster of strains) can be useful; this is done by spreading organisms on a culture plate and starting a new stock from a single resulting colony.

A microorganisms often comprising several species, with properties and capabilities greater than the aggregate of capabilities of the individual organisms.

See also


  1. ^ Alberts, Bruce et al. (1994). Molecular Biology of the Cell (3rd ed.). New York: Garland Science.  
  2. ^ Tortora, Gerard J.; Berdell R., Funke; Christine L., Case (2009).  
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