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Confederate Memorial Day

Confederate Memorial Day, also known as Confederate Decoration Day (Tennessee) and Confederate Heroes Day (Texas), is an official holiday or observance day in a number of states in the Southern United States as a day to honor those who died fighting for the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Relationship to current national Memorial Day 2
  • States and dates observed 3
  • References 4

History

In the spring of 1866 the Macon, Montgomery, Memphis, Richmond, St. Louis, Alexandria, Columbia, New Orleans, et al.

The date for the holiday was selected by Mrs. Elizabeth "Lizzie" Rutherford Ellis.[2] She chose April 26, the first anniversary of Confederate General Johnston's final surrender to Union General Sherman at Bennett Place, NC. For many in the South, that marked the official end of the Civil War.[1]

Relationship to current national Memorial Day

In 1868, General John A. Logan, who was the commander in chief of the Union Civil War Veterans Fraternity called the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR), launched the Memorial Day holiday that is currently observed in the entire United States. According to General Logan's wife, he emulated the practices of Confederate Memorial Day. She wrote that Logan "said it was not too late for the Union men of the nation to follow the example of the people of the South in perpetuating the memory of their friends who had died for the cause they thought just and right."[3]

States and dates observed

State Date Variable? Remarks 2016 2017 2018
Alabama Last Monday in April [4][5] N A state paid holiday. State offices are closed. [6] Last Monday in April 2016 Last Monday in April 2017 Last Monday in April 2018
Florida April 26 [7][8] N When April 26 is a Sunday, it is recognized the following Monday. [9] April 26 2016 April 26 2017 April 26 2018
Georgia Last Monday in April [10] Y A state paid holiday. State offices are closed. [11] April 25 2016 April 24 2017 April 30 2018
Kentucky June 3 [12] N Jefferson Davis' birthday. June 3 2016 June 3 2017 June 3 2018
Louisiana June 3 [13][14] N Jefferson Davis' birthday. Set by state law, Louisiana Revised Statutes 1:55 June 3 2016 June 3 2017 June 3 2018
Mississippi Last Monday in April [15][16] Y A state paid holiday. State offices may be closed, at the discretion of the state agency or department heads. [17] [18] April 25 2016 April 24 2017 April 30 2018
North Carolina May 10 [13] N The death of Confederate General Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson in 1863 and the capture of Confederate President Jefferson Davis in 1865. May 10 2016 May 10 2017 May 10 2018
South Carolina May 10 [19] N See remarks at North Carolina. (Like most other holidays, the observed date shifts to Friday if it falls on Saturday, and to Monday if it falls on Sunday.)[20] May 10 2016 May 10 2017 May 10 2018
Tennessee June 3 [13] N Jefferson Davis' birthday. June 3 2016 June 3 2017 June 3 2018
Texas January 19 [13] N Confederate Heroes Day. In 1973, the Texas legislature combined the previously official state holidays of Robert E. Lee's and Jefferson Davis' birthdays into a single "Confederate Heroes Day" to honor all who had served the Southern Cause. In some years, this date may coincide with Martin Luther King, Jr. Day. State offices are partially staffed in recognition of this day. January 19 2016 January 19 2017 January 19 2018

References

  1. ^ a b History of Confederate Memorial Day
  2. ^ New Georgia Encyclopedia, Rutherford, originator of Confederate Memorial Day
  3. ^ Mrs. John A. Logan, Reminiscences of a Soldier's Wife, p. 246.
  4. ^ [11] "The 2010 Florida Statutes (including Special Session A)", Retrieved 2011-07-25
  5. ^ City Data.
  6. ^ [12]
  7. ^ [13] "The 2010 Florida Statutes (including Special Session A)", Retrieved 2011-07-25
  8. ^ City Data.
  9. ^ [14]
  10. ^ [15].
  11. ^ [16]
  12. ^ [17].
  13. ^ a b c d Department of Veterans Affairs.
  14. ^ http://www.legis.state.la.us/lss/lss.asp?doc=74097
  15. ^ Mississippi Secretary of State.
  16. ^ http://www.sos.ms.gov/Education-Publications/Pages/Proclamation-Confederate.aspx Proclamation of Confederate Memorial Day for 2015
  17. ^ http://www.sos.ms.gov/Education-Publications/Pages/State-Holidays.aspx
  18. ^ http://www.sos.ms.gov/Education-Publications/Pages/Proclamation-Confederate.aspx
  19. ^ SC Code of Laws.
  20. ^ [18]
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