World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Constitution of Botswana

Article Id: WHEBN0014036561
Reproduction Date:

Title: Constitution of Botswana  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Human rights in Botswana, Parliamentary constituencies of Botswana, Botswana, Botswana Independence Party, Foreign relations of Botswana
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Constitution of Botswana

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

The present Constitution of Botswana commenced on September 30, 1966.


Before colonial rule was established in Botswana, a traditional constitution - a body of laws known as molao - was used by tribal chiefs, or diKgosi, of the BaTswana people. During the early years of the Bechuanaland Protectorate, some non-Batswana also came to be ruled by these laws. Protectorate administrators kept elements, though not all, of this traditional constitution; much of it has lapsed today.[1][2]

In 1959, a Constitutional Committee of the Joint Advisory Council drew up the Protectorate's first formal constitution, which came into operation in 1960. In 1963 consultations began for a second constitution which would confer self-government. The 1965 general election was held under this constitution, which was modelled on the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy: there was a unicameral legislature; a prime minister and cabinet of five ministers responsible to the legislature; and a purely consultative Ntlo ya Dikgosi.[1]

When Botswana achieved full independence on 30 September 1966, the prime minister was replaced by a president elected by the legislature (renamed the National Assembly, and given executive powers.[1]

A series of later amendments to the Constitution have increased the number of elected members of the National Assembly, and the size of the Ntlo ya Dikgosi. Other constitutional changes were made in 1994 and 1997.[1]


The constitution is divided into 9 chapters, each detailing certain areas such as individual rights and the delegation of executive powers.


  1. ^ a b c d Morton, Fred; Ramsay, Jeff; Mgadla, Part Themba (2008). "Constitution". Historical Dictionary of Botswana. African Historical Dictionaries 108 (4th ed.). Metuchen, New Jersey: Scarecrow Press. pp. 78–80.  
  2. ^  

External links

  • Constitution of Botswana in English

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.