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Continuing Criminal Enterprise

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Title: Continuing Criminal Enterprise  
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Subject: Drug policy of the United States, United States federal controlled substances legislation, Larry Hoover, Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Organized crime
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Continuing Criminal Enterprise

The Continuing Criminal Enterprise Statute (commonly referred to as CCE Statute or The Kingpin Statute) is a [1]

The sentence for a first CCE conviction is a death. Probation, parole, and suspension of the sentence are prohibited.

Famous Cases

Black Mafia Family

The crack in high school and by the early 1990s were distributing thousands of kilograms of cocaine in over 21 states.[2]

Rayful Edmond III

Rayful Edmond was convicted of distributing thousands of kilograms of cocaine in the Washington, D.C. area. His trial featured the first ever anonymous jury in the District's history. Furthermore, jurors were kept behind bulletproof glass in the courtroom and the defendant, Edmond, was housed at the U.S. Marine Base at Quantico and flown in daily on military transport.[3]

Larry Hoover

Larry Hoover was the founder of the Gangster Disciples street gang and was alleged to be its leader despite being in prison since 1973. On August 31, 1995, Hoover was arrested by federal agents at the Vienna Correctional Center and moved to MCC Chicago, being charged with Continuing Criminal Enterprise and a host of other charges related to gang activity. He is currently serving a life sentence at the super-maximum security facility in ADX Florence in Florence, Colorado.[4]

Tijuana Cartel

Leaders of the [5][6]

Augusto Falcon & Salvador Magluta

Salvador "Sal" Magluta and Augusto "Willy" Falcon operated one of the most significant cocaine trafficking organizations in South Florida history. They were indicted by a federal grand jury in April 1991 for a plethora of drug trafficking crimes, including operating a continuing criminal enterprise. They were accused of importing and distributing over 75 tons of cocaine, or over 68,181 kilograms (150,000 lbs). Both Magluta and Flacon were found not guilty after a lengthy trial before Judge Federico Moreno. Magluta was represented by Roy Black, Martin Wienberg, and Richard Martinez and Falcon was represented by Albert Krieger, Susan Van Dusen, and D. Robert "Bobby" Wells. {cite: http://www.miaminewtimes.com/1995-12-14/news/the-best-defense-money-can-buy/} Following the trial, the United States Attorney's Office directed an investigation into Magluta and Falcon's finances that ultimately revealed that members of their jury - including the jury foreman - had been bribed. Magluta, Falcon, several of the jurors, their associates and even some of their lawyers were ultimately charged with various criminal offenses arising from the conduct. Magluta was eventually sentenced to 205 years in federal prison, while Falcon received only 20 years after striking a plea deal with the government. Magluta was initially transferred to the supermax federal prison facility in Florence, Colorado. In 2010, after Magluta's attorney, Paul Petruzzi, sued the Federal Government, Magluta was transferred out of ADX Florence. Federal agents involved in the case say there are few drug traffickers in history more successful or well-known than Magluta and Falcon. Magluta is currently seeking a new trial based on over 40 legal violations. He is presently represented by Paul Petruzzi and Richard Klugh.[7]

Felix Mitchell

USP Leavenworth, one of the most violent maximum security facilities in the country. Less than a year into his sentence, on August 21, 1986, Felix was stabbed to death in his cell, just days before his 32nd birthday. His funeral was a major spectacle in Oakland. Over 10 Rolls-Royce limousines trailed the horse-drawn carriage that carried his body. Many celebrities and over 1,000 people attended the elaborate funeral, which received international media coverage.[8]

Ross William Ulbricht

Ross William Ulbricht was indicted under the Continuing Criminal Enterprise statute, along with other offenses, for allegedly running the Silk Road online marketplace.[9] He has plead not guilty to the charges and has a trial set for January of 2015.[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ Carlson, K (1993). "Prosecuting Criminal Enterprises". National Criminal Justice Reference Series (United States: Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report): 12. Retrieved December 28, 2009. 
  2. ^ "Black Mafia Family Members Sentenced To 30 Years". DEA. September 12, 2008. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 
  3. ^ "USA v. RAYFUL EDMOND, III". Court of Appeals, District of Columbia. 28 April 1995. pp. 1–39. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 
  4. ^ "Larry Hoover & The Gangster Disciples". DEA. 1997. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 
  5. ^ "Mexico seizes top drugs suspect". BBC News. 27 October 2008. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 
  6. ^ "Leader and Senior Lieutenant of Arellano-Felix Organization Plead Guilty to Criminal Charges". DEA. 18 September 2007. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 
  7. ^ """Inside The Cartels Of The Real "Miami Vice. America's Most Wanted. Retrieved 22 February 2010. 
  8. ^ "The Paradox of Felix Mitchell Junior". Oaklandish. Retrieved 27 April 2010. 
  9. ^ "Ross Ulbricht indicted for Silk Road narcotics trafficking, hacking". ars technica. Retrieved 19 June 2014. 
  10. ^ "Silk Road’s Ulbricht Gets Trial Date in Online Drug Case". Bloomberg. Retrieved 19 June 2014. 

External links

  • CCE Act from Cornell University's U. S. Code Database
  • FBI definitions of CCE and RICO laws
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