World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Contract bridge diagram

Article Id: WHEBN0000125331
Reproduction Date:

Title: Contract bridge diagram  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Contract bridge, Entry-shifting squeeze, Cannibal squeeze, Non-simultaneous double squeeze, Progressive squeeze
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Contract bridge diagram

The diagram is typical of that used to illustrate a deal of 52 cards in four hands in the game of contract bridge.[1] Each hand is designated by a point on the compass and so North-South are partners against East-West.

Suit features include:

  • Each line represents a suit, indicated by its symbol – for spades, for hearts, for diamonds, and for clubs
  • Each card in a suit is indicated by its abbreviation: 'A', 'K', 'Q', 'J', '10', '9', '8', '7', '6', '5', '4', '3', '2'
  • Cards of higher rank are to the left of those of lower rank
  • Smaller cards whose exact value is unimportant may be represented by an "x"
  • Thin spacing or hair spacing between cards is optional but generally improves readability
  • When one hand is void (i.e. has no cards) in a suit, it is usually denoted by a long dash (an emdash)

The full deal diagram is usually drawn with North at the top, with the other hands following their normal compass orientation. For convenience and consistency, South is usually declarer, so that the reader can see the hand as if playing it; exceptions to this rule can occur when reporting deals from actual matches, but even then the players' seats are often rotated to follow this convention.

The diagram may include additional information such as deal or board number, scoring method (Matchpoints, IMPs, etc.), the final contract, vulnerability and the opening lead.


Board 1
South in 4 
Not vulnerable
9 7 4
A 6 2
A 10 4
J 9 6 5
10 6


W               E


Q 9 5
Q 9 8 5 3 K 4
Q J 9 8 6 2 K 7 5
Q 10 7 3 2
Lead: Q A K J 3 2
J 10 4
A K 8 4

Diagram variants may leave out one or more hands if irrelevant to the presentation. Partially played hands may be displayed to illustrate end-position play.


  1. ^ Bridge Writing Style Guide by Richard Pavlicek
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.