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Title: Contubernium  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Roman legions, Infantry units and formations of ancient Rome, Decanus, Caenis, Lucius Gellius Publicola (consul 72 BC)
Collection: Infantry Units and Formations of Ancient Rome, Roman Legions
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


The contubernium was the smallest organized unit of soldiers in the Roman Army and was composed of eight legionaries, the equivalent of a modern squad. The men within the contubernium were known as contubernales.[1] Ten contubernia were grouped into a centuria. Soldiers of a contubernium shared a tent, and could be rewarded or punished together as a unit.

It was led by a

  • Contubernales, A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities .

External links

  1. ^ a b "The Roman Army of the Roman Republic". 2010. Retrieved 12 April 2010. 
  2. ^ "Roman Military Glossary". 15 Mar 2010. Retrieved 12 April 2010. 
  3. ^ "Decanus 1st century AD". Retrieved 12 April 2010. 


Two auxiliary "servants", comparable to modern support troops, were assigned to each contubernium.[1] They were responsible for the care of the contubernium's pack mule, making sure that the legionaries had water during the march, and often had special skills like blacksmithing or carpentry.


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