World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Cossidae

Article Id: WHEBN0006020384
Reproduction Date:

Title: Cossidae  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Xyloryctidae, Andesiana, Cossidae, Banchinae, Coleophora acompha
Collection: Caterpillars That Resemble Twigs, Cossidae, Moth Families
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Cossidae

Cossidae
Cossula magnifica (Cossulinae)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Superfamily: Cossoidea
Family: Cossidae
Leach, 1815

Cossidae, the cossid millers or carpenter millers, make up a family of mostly large miller moths. Ths family contains over 110 genera with almost 700 known species, and many more species await description. Carpenter millers are nocturnal Lepidoptera found worldwide, except the Southeast Asian subfamily Ratardinae which is mostly active during the day.

This family includes many species with large caterpillars and moths with a wingspan from 9–24 cm (3 129 12 in). These moths are mostly grey in color; some have long narrow wings and resemble hawkmoths (Sphingidae) which are more advanced Macrolepidoptera however. Many are twig, bark or leaf mimics, and Cossidae often have some sort of large marking at the tip of the forewing uppersides, conspicuous in flight but resembling a broken-off twig when the animals are resting. Most cossid caterpillars are tree borers, in some species taking up to three years to mature. The caterpillars pupate within their tunnels; they often have an unpleasant smell, hence another colloquial name is goat moths.

The family includes the pests. On the other hand, the large caterpillars of species that do not smell badly are often edible. Witchetty grubs – among the Outback's most famous bush tucker – are most commonly the caterpillars of Endoxyla leucomochla, one of the more than 80 cossid species in Australia. In Chile, the sweet-smelling caterpillars of the Chilean Moth (Chilecomadia moorei) are harvested in quantity and internationally traded as butterworms, for use as pet food and fishing bait.

Contents

  • Systematics 1
  • Excluded genera 2
  • Footnotes 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Systematics

Some other families, such as subfamilies. Some unrelated millers were included in the Cossidae in error too, such as the genus Holcoceroides which are more primitive Ditrysia, or the Andesianidae which are even more ancient Heteroneura.

The Cossidae were usually divided into six subfamilies.[1] However, numerous new subfamilies have been described recently, the current taxonomy is:

Specimens of the large Zeuzerinae genus Xyleutes
Zyganisus caliginosus belongs to an Australian genus of unclear affiliations

Incertae sedis

Excluded genera

Footnotes

  1. ^ Pitkin & Jenkins (2004) and see references in Savela (2006)

References

  • Pitkin, Brian & Jenkins, Paul (2004): Butterflies and Moths of the World, Generic Names and their Type-species – Cossidae. Version of 2004-NOV-05. Retrieved 2009-FEB-28.
  • Savela, Markku (2006): Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and some other life forms – Cossidae. Version of December 28, 2006. Retrieved February 28, 2009.

External links

  • Flickr Cossidae
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.