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Cretan Dwarf Hippopotamus

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Title: Cretan Dwarf Hippopotamus  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Europe, Pygmy hippopotamus, History of Crete, List of prehistoric mammals, Hippopotamus (genus), Hippopotamus antiquus
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Cretan Dwarf Hippopotamus

Hippopotamus creutzburgi
Temporal range: Pleistocene
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Hippopotamidae
Genus: Hippopotamus
Species: H. creutzburgi
Binomial name
Hippopotamus creutzburgi
Boekschoten & Sondaar, 1966[1]

Hippopotamus creutzburgi is an extinct species of hippopotamus which lived on the island of Crete. Hippopopotamus colonized Crete probably 800,000 years ago and lived there during the Middle Pleistocene.[2]

Two subspecies have been named: Hippopotamus creutzburgi creutzburgi and the smaller Hippopotamus creutzburgi parvus.[3]

Bones of H. creutzburgi were found by Dorothea Bate on the Katharo plateau, in eastern Crete, in the 1920s.[4]

A similar species, the Cyprus dwarf hippopotamus (Hippopotamus minor) lived on the island of Cyprus until the Holocene. It was smaller than either species of Cretan hippo.

See also


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