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A crore (; abbreviated cr) is a unit in the Indian numbering system equal to ten million (10,000,000; in scientific notation: 107). It is widely used in India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Nepal, and is written in these regions as 1,00,00,000 with the local style of digit group separators. It is equal to a hundred lakh (a lakh is equal to one hundred thousand and is written as 1,00,000).


  • Usage 1
    • Money 1.1
  • Etymology and regional variants 2
    • South Asian languages 2.1
    • In other languages 2.2
  • See also 3
  • References 4



Large amounts of money in India are often written in terms of crores. For example, 100,000,000 (one hundred million) Indian rupees is written as 'ten crore rupees' or '10 crore' or 'Rs 10 crore'.

Trillions of are often written or spoken of in terms of lakh crore. For example, one trillion rupees is:

= One lakh crore rupees
= 1 lakh crore
= Rs 1 lakh crore
= Rs (1,00,000 × 1,00,00,000)
= Rs 10,00,00,00,00,000 in Indian notation
= Rs 1,000,000,000,000 in western notation
= Rs 1 trillion (short scale)
= 1012 rupees

lakh is also used in Sri Lanka, most Sri Lankans use the term koatiya (කෝටිය) or koti (கோடி) for crore when referring to money.

Etymology and regional variants

The word crore is derived from the Prakrit word krodi,[1] denoting ten million in the Indian numbering system, which has separate terms for most powers of ten from 100 up to 1019. The crore is known by various regional names in modern languages.

South Asian languages

  • Assamese: কোটি kûti, কৌটি kouti
  • Bengali: কোটি koṭi
  • Farsi: کرور koror (Which Means 500,000 in nowadays Iranian slang language)
  • Hindi: करोड़ karoṛ
  • Gujarati: કરોડ karoḍ
  • Kannada: ಕೋಟಿ koṭi
  • Konkani: कोटि koṭi or करोऱ karoṛ
  • Malayalam: കോടി koḍi (often written koti)
  • Marathi: कोटि koṭi
  • Nepali: करोड karoḍ
  • Odia: କୋଟି koṭi
  • Pāli: koṭi
  • Pashto: خبری korur
  • Punjabi: کروڑ - ਕਰੋੜ karoṛ (often written karor)
  • Sindhi: ڪروڙkiroṛu
  • Sinhala කෝටිය koṭiya
  • Tamil: கோடி kōṭi
  • Telugu: కోటి kōṭi
  • Urdu: کروڑ karoṛ

In other languages

  • Arabic: الكرور عشرة ملايينal-krūr ('ashra malāyyin)
  • Burmese: ကုဋေ (increasingly archaic)
  • Chinese: 克若爾 or 克若尔 kèruò’ěr; 俱胝 jùzhī in Chinese Buddhist texts, but 一千萬 or 一千万 yī qiānwàn ("a thousand myriad") is use in ordinary contexts
  • Japanese: クロー kurō, but 千万 senman ("thousand myriad") is normally used, see article on Japanese numerals
  • Kapampangan: katâ / kata-katâ
  • خبری khbri
  • Tagalog: karora (archaic usage, also kotiha or kotiya). Sampúng milyón is normally used.
  • Thai: โกฏิ kot or kot̩i (from Pali koti, obsolete)

See also


  1. ^
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