World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Czech koruna

Article Id: WHEBN0001307572
Reproduction Date:

Title: Czech koruna  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Economy of the Czech Republic, Crown (currency), Enlargement of the eurozone, Czech Republic, Swedish krona
Collection: 1993 Introductions, Currencies of the Czech Republic
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Czech koruna

Czech koruna
koruna česká  (Czech)
koruna banknotes as of 2014
ISO 4217 code CZK
Central bank Czech National Bank
 Website .cz.cnbwww
User(s)  Czech Republic
Inflation 1.4 %
 Source Czech Statistical Office, January 2014
 Method CPI
Subunit
 1/100 haléř
Symbol
 haléř h
Plural The language(s) of this currency belong(s) to the Slavic languages. There is more than one way to construct plural forms.
Coins
 Freq. used 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 Kč
Banknotes
 Freq. used 100, 200, 500, 1000, 2000 Kč
 Rarely used 5000 Kč

The Czech koruna or Czech crown (sign: ; code: CZK) has been the currency of the Czech Republic since 8 February 1993 when, together with its Slovak counterpart, it replaced the Czechoslovak koruna at par.

The official name in Czech is koruna česká (plural koruny české, though the zero-grade genitive plural form korun českých is used on banknotes and coins of value 5 Kč or higher). The ISO 4217 code is CZK and the local acronym is Kč, which is placed after the numeric value (e.g., "50 Kč"). One koruna equals 100 haléřů (abbreviated as "h", singular: haléř, nominative plural: haléře, genitive plural: haléřů - used with numbers higher or equal to 5 - e.g. 3 haléře, 8 haléřů).

Contents

  • History 1
    • Euro adoption 1.1
  • Coins 2
  • Banknotes 3
    • Stamped Czechoslovak banknotes 3.1
    • Original Czech banknotes 3.2
  • Exchange rates 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

The Czech koruna replaced the Czechoslovak koruna when it was introduced in 1993 after the dissolution of Czechoslovakia. It first consisted of overstamped 20, 50, 100, 500, and 1000 Czechoslovak koruna banknotes, but a new series was properly introduced in 1993.

Euro adoption

EUR-CZK exchange rate since 1999

The Czech Republic planned to adopt the euro in 2010, but its government suspended that plan indefinitely in 2005.[1] Although the country is economically well positioned to adopt the euro, there is considerable opposition to the move within the Czech Republic.[2] According to a survey conducted in April 2014, only 16% of the Czech population was in favour of replacing the koruna with euro.[3]

Coins

In 1993, coins were introduced in denominations of 10, 20 and 50 haléřů, 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 korun. The 10 and 20 haléřů coins were taken out of circulation by 31 October 2003, and the 50 haléřů coins were withdrawn from circulation on 31 August 2008 due to their diminishing purchasing power and circulation.[4]

In 2000, the 10 and 20 korun coins were minted with different obverses to commemorate the Millennium. In 1993 & 1994 coins were minted in Winnipeg and Hamburg, then in the Czech Republic. All circulation coins were designed by Ladislav Kozak (1934-2007).

Since 1997, sets for collectors are also issued yearly with proof quality coins. There's also a tradition of issuing commemorative coins - including silver and gold coins - for numismatic purposes.

For a complete listing see: Commemorative coins of the Czech Republic.

Circulation coins[5]
Image Value Technical parameters Description Date of
Diameter Thickness Mass Composition Edge Obverse Reverse first minting issue withdrawal
10 h 15.5 mm 1.7 mm 0.6 g 99% aluminium
1% magnesium
Plain "ČESKÁ REPUBLIKA", the Czech lion, year of minting Value, stylized river 1993 1993 2003
20 h 17 mm 0.74 g Milled Value, linden leaf 1993 1993 2003
50 h 19 mm 0.9 g Alternately plain and milled Value 1993 1993 2008
1 Kč 20 mm 1.85 mm 3.6 g Nickel plated steel Milled Value, St. Wenceslas crown 1993 1993 Current
2 Kč 21.5 mm,
11-sided
3.7 g Rounded, plain Value, a Great Moravian button-jewel 1993 1993 Current
5 Kč 23 mm 4.8 g Plain Value, Charles Bridge, Vltava, linden leaf 1993 1993 Current
10 Kč 24.5 mm 2.55 mm 7.62 g Copper plated steel Milled Value, Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul at Petrov monument in Brno 1993 1993 Current
20 Kč 26 mm,
13-sided
2.55 mm 8.43 g Brass plated steel Rounded, plain Value, the St. Wenceslas monument on Wenceslas Square, inscription from the monument: "SVATÝ VÁCLAVE NEDEJ ZAHYNOUT NÁM I BUDOUCÍM" 1993 1993 Current
50 Kč 27.5 mm
center: 17 mm
2.55 mm 9.7 g Ring: copper plated steel
Center: brass plated steel
Plain "PRAGA MATER URBIUM" ("Prague, the Mother of Towns"), view of Prague 1993 1993 Current

Banknotes

The first Czech banknotes issued on 8 February 1993 consisted of Czechoslovak notes with adhesive stamps affixed to them. Only the 100, 500 and 1000 korun denominations were overstamped, the lower denominations circulated unchanged during this transitional period. Each stamp bears a Roman and Arabic number identifying the denomination of the banknote to which it is affixed (C and 100, D and 500, M and 1,000). Subsequent issues of the 1,000-korun note replaced the adhesive stamp with a printed image of same.[6]

A newly designed series of banknotes of denominations 20, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000 and 5000 korun were introduced later in 1993 and are still in use at present - except for 20, 50 and the first versions of 1000 and 5000 korun notes, since the security features of 1000 and 5000 notes were upgraded in the subsequent issues (The 2000 korun note, which has been introduced in 1996, is still valid in all versions, with and without the new security features). These banknotes feature renowned Czech persons on the obverse and abstract compositions on the reverse. Modern protective elements can be found on all banknotes.

Stamped Czechoslovak banknotes

Value Dimensions Main Colour Language Description Date of
Obverse Reverse printing issue withdrawal
Czechoslovak banknotes
10 Kčs 133 × 67 mm Brown Slovak Pavol Országh-Hviezdoslav Orava scene 1986 7 February 1993 31 July 1993
20 Kčs 138 × 67 mm Blue Czech Comenius Illustration related to culture and education 1988 7 February 1993 31 July 1993
50 Kčs 143 × 67 mm Red Slovak Ľudovít Štúr View of Bratislava with the castle (from the restaurant on the top of the pylon of the Nový Most) 1987 7 February 1993 31 July 1993
Overstamped Czechoslovak banknotes
100 Kč 165 × 81 mm Green Czech Peasant couple View of Prague with the castle and the Charles Bridge 1961 7 February 1993 31 August 1993
500 Kč 153 × 67 mm Brown Slovak Partisans of the SNP 1944 Devín Castle 1973 7 February 1993 31 August 1993
1000 Kč 158 × 67 mm Blue Czech Bedřich Smetana View of the Vltava at Vyšehrad 1985 7 February 1993 31 August 1993

Original Czech banknotes

The Coat of arms of the Czech Republic can be found on the reverse side of all denominations.
Value Dimensions Main Colour Description Date of
Obverse Reverse printing issue withdrawal lapse
First original (second 1993) series
20 Kč 128 × 64 mm Blue Přemysl Otakar I and his seal Crown 1994 20 April 1994 31 August 2008 31 August 2014[7]
50 Kč 134 × 64 mm Red Saint Agnes of Bohemia and the Sacred Heart St. Salvator’s Church ceiling (part of Convent of St. Agnes of Bohemia in Prague) and ornamental letter A 1993 6 October 1993 31 January 2007 31 March 2017[8]
1994 21 December 1994 31 March 2011
1997 10 September 1997 31 March 2011
100 Kč 140 × 69 mm Green, pink Charles IV Seal of Charles University 1993 30 June 1993 31 January 2007 until further notice
1995 21 June 1995 current
1997 15 October 1997 current
200 Kč 146 × 69 mm Brown, orange John Amos Comenius Orbis Pictus, an adult’s hand passing to a child’s hand 1993 8 February 1993 31 January 2007 until further notice
1996 14 August 1996 current
1998 6 January 1999 current
500 Kč 152 × 69 mm Brown, pink Božena Němcová and rose Laureate woman symbolizing all woman characters in Němcová’s books 1993 21 July 1993 31 January 2007 until further notice
1995 27 December 1995 current
1997 18 March 1998 current
2009 1 April 2009 current
1000 Kč 158 × 74 mm Violet František Palacký, uprooted tree Eagle spread its wings over the Archbishop’s Castle in Kroměříž, where a constitution preparig parliament of Austrian Empire was held in 1848 1993 12 May 1993 30 June 2001 until further notice
1996 6 December 1996 current
2008 1 April 2008 current
2000 Kč 164 × 74 mm Green Emmy Destinn Euterpe and musical motifs like violin 1996 1 October 1996 current
1999 1 December 1999 current
2007 2 July 2007 current
5000 Kč 170 × 74 mm Dark blue, violet Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk Gothic and Baroque buildings in Prague, in centre dominating St. Vitus Cathedral 1993 15 December 1993 30 June 2001 until further notice
1999 8 September 1999 current
2009 1 December 2009 current

Exchange rates

The currency was on a record exchange rate run in 2008.[9]

  • Czech currency exchange rates from Czech banks and exchange offices

See also

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/flash/fl_400_en.pdf
  4. ^
  5. ^ Czech national bank. Available at: http://www.cnb.cz/cs/platidla/mince/
  6. ^
  7. ^ Czech National Bank
  8. ^ 50 Koruna
  9. ^

External links

  • Czech banknotes, Czech National Bank
  • Czech coins, Czech National Bank
  • Czech Money mobile app, Czech National Bank
  • Czech banknotes (catalog, gallery and other details, history)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.