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Former DEST headquarters in Austria.

DEST, (an acronym of Georg Lörner.

The headquarters for DEST was located in Austria where Gusen II, a subcamp of Mauthausen, was built in 1944.[1][2][3]


  • History 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4


Mathausen "Stairs of Death"; prisoners were forced to carry granite blocks, some weighing up to 110 lb. up 186 steps, repeatedly throughout the day, if they fell from exhaustion, they were often killed

DEST, founded on April 29, 1938, in Sachsenhausen (1936), Buchenwald (1937), Flossenbürg (1938), Mauthausen (1938), Natzweiler-Struthof (1939), Gross Rosen (1940) and Neuengamme (1940) concentration camp sites were chosen because of their proximity to soil suitable for making bricks, or due to the close proximity of a brickworks factory or stone quarry. DEST was widely successful in the exploitation of slave labor, most of whom were Jews, in the quarries. Human labor was used cruelly, becoming one of the main tenets of war crime charges in the Nuremberg Trials. The director of the program, SS-Obergruppenführer Oswald Pohl, who was stationed in Berlin, was sentenced to death for war crimes in 1947 in Nuremberg, and executed in 1951.

In 1943, DEST changed its focus from stone industry to armaments. From this time the organization played a key role, helping the SS to enter some key war industries. This was underlined by their industrial park at [4]

See also


  1. ^ St. Georgen-Gusen-Mauthausen - Concentration Camp Mauthausen Reconsidered. BoD, Norderstedt 2008, ISBN 978-3-8334-7610-5
  2. ^ Business and industry in Nazi Germany By Francis R. Nicosia, Jonathan Huener Publisher: Berghahn Books; illustrated edition (March 2004) Language: English ISBN 1-57181-654-2 ISBN 978-1-57181-654-2
  3. ^ United States Nuremberg Military Tribunals (NMT). NMT 4 U.S.A. vs. Pohl Et. Al. Harvard Law School Library, Nuremberg Trials Project.[1]
  4. ^ St. Georgen - Gusen - Mauthausen: Concentration Camp Mauthausen Reconsidered By Rudolf Language: English ISBN 3-8334-7610-9 ISBN 978-3-8334-7610-5

External links

  • Shoah Education Project|Shoah Education Project-Web
  • The St. Georgen/Gusen headquarters of Granitwerke Mauthausen
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