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Title: Daqing  
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Subject: Heilongjiang, List of the busiest airports in China, Lindian County, Datong District, Daqing, Honggang District
Collection: Cities in Heilongjiang, Daqing
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Prefecture-level city
Daqing City (red) in Heilongjiang (orange)
Daqing City (red) in Heilongjiang (orange)
Daqing is located in Heilongjiang
Location of the city centre in Heilongjiang
Country People's Republic of China
Province Heilongjiang
County-level divisions 9
 • Type Prefecture-level city
 • CPC Daqing Secretary Han Xuejian (韩学键)
 • Mayor Xia Lihua (夏立华)
 • Prefecture-level city 22,161 km2 (8,556 sq mi)
 • Urban 5,107 km2 (1,972 sq mi)
 • Metro 2,734.6 km2 (1,055.8 sq mi)
Elevation 149 m (489 ft)
Population (2010 census)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city 2,904,532
 • Density 130/km2 (340/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,649,825
 • Urban density 320/km2 (840/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,415,268
 • Metro density 520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 163000
Area code(s) 0459
Licence plates 黑E
ISO 3166-2 cn-23-06
GDP (2010) CNY 290.0 billion (35th)
 - per capita CNY 103,576 (5th)
"Daqing", as written in Chinese
Simplified Chinese 大庆
Traditional Chinese 大慶
Postal Taching
Literal meaning Great Celebration

Daqing (Chinese: 大庆; pinyin: Dàqìng; formerly spelled "Taching") is a prefecture-level city in the west of Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. The name literally means "Great Celebration". Daqing is known as the Oil Capital of China and has experienced a phenomenal boom since oil was discovered there in 1959.[2]

Its population was 2,904,532 at the 2010 PRC National Census, of whom 1,415,268 lived in the built-up area (or metro) in 4 out of the total of 5 urban districts, i.e. (Sartu, Longfeng, Ranghulu and Honggang).[3] Anda district of Suihua is also being conurbated next.[1]


  • History 1
  • Administrative divisions 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Climate 4
  • Economy 5
    • Foreign trade 5.1
    • Banking and insurance 5.2
  • Transportation 6
    • Railway 6.1
    • Airport 6.2
    • Highway 6.3
  • Culture 7
    • Daqing spirit 7.1
  • See also 8
  • External links 9
  • References 10


The region now known as Daqing Prefecture was a reasonably insignificant place until the Qing Dynasty, known only as an unsettled hunting ground of

  1. ^ a b "Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China". Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "1959年发现大庆油田:中国结束油荒历史". 网易政务 (in Chinese). 人民网(北京). 16 September 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  3. ^ a b 大庆市统计局; 大庆市人民政府第六次全国人口普查领导小组办公室 (9 May 2011). "2010年大庆市第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报". 大庆市人民政府 (in Chinese). 大庆网. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  4. ^ "滨州铁路简介". 火车旅行网. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  5. ^ "黑龙江省大庆市历史沿革". Sohu (in Chinese). 大庆市人民政府网. 3 July 2008. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  6. ^ "The Industry Learns From Daqing...". Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  7. ^ Spence's "The Search for Modern China" 2nd Edition, p.562
  8. ^ a b c "2011年大庆市国民经济和社会发展统计公报". 大庆市统计局. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  9. ^ a b "Daqing Business Guide - Economic Overview". Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  10. ^ 大庆萨尔图机场正式通航
  11. ^ Profiles of China Provinces, Cities and Industrial Parks


  • Daqing Government Website

External links

See also

Generated by the history of the city, Daqing has a culture centering around the Iron man spirit. It consists of patriotism, truth-seeking, entrepreneurial spirit and dedication. Wang Jinxi (known as 'Iron man' Wang, who led No. 1205 drilling team), a petroleum worker on the Daqing Oilfield, was honored as a national hero due to his contributions to the petroleum industry of China. Daqing was established by the central government as a model for the secondary industry during the 1960s. In order to illuminate the entrepreneurial history of Daqing and its people, several films was made by film companies in China.[11]

Daqing spirit


Daqing is linked to the national highway network through the G45 Daqing–Guangzhou Expressway and G10 Suifenhe-Manzhouli Expressway.


Daqing Sartu Airport was opened on 1 September 2009.[10] There are flights to several large cities including Beijing, Chengdu, Guangzhou, Hangzhou, Qingdao and Shanghai.


Daqing is a major railway hub in western Heilongjiang province and is located on the junction of Harbin-Manzhouli Railway and Tongliao-Ranghulu Railway. Daqing has three major railway stations: Daqing station, Daqing west station(former Ranghulu railway station) and Daqing east station. Trains from Daqing connect the city with Beijing, Harbin, Dalian and several other cities in China. The new built Harbin–Qiqihar Intercity Railway has stops at both Daqing west station and Daqing east station.



The Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, China Agricultural Bank, China Construction Bank, Bank of China, China Communications Bank, the Everbright Bank, Guangdong Development Bank, the Daqing Urban Commercial Bank, Daqing Rural Credit Cooperative Union and the County Urban Credit Cooperative are the major banks serving Daqing.

There were 32 banking institutions in Daqing by the end of 2006; none were foreign-invested banks.[9] In 2011, savings deposits in Renminbi and foreign exchange totaled 170.5 billion RMB.[8] The local finance sector plays an important role in building up Daqing's Century Oilfield and in developing new industries.

Banking and insurance

In 2011, total import and export volume in Daqing reached US$2.16 billion, up by 40.1%.[8] Export volume was US$550 million and import volume was US$1.61 billion. Daqing's main exports include six categories of petrochemical products, construction materials, processed foodstuffs, office furniture and mechanical and electronic equipment.[9]

Daqing exports over 10 million tons of crude oil each year. Over 160 varieties of paraffin wax, ethylene, tar oil and benzene are exported to more than 10 nations and regions including the USA, the UK, Thailand and Hong Kong.

Foreign trade

Daqing's economy highly depends on petroleum and related industries. Daqing's oilfield is China's largest and the world's fourth most productive. Petroleum accounts for 60.8% of GDP. In 2011, Daqing's gross domestic product (GDP) was RMB374 billion yuan, representing a rise of 12.1% year on year. Primary industries output (including agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and the fisheries) increased by 13.5% to RMB13.29 billion. Secondary and value-added industries and construction output experienced an increase of 10.1%, reaching RMB307 billion, while the tertiary industry output increased 22.9% to RMB53.74 billion.[8]


Located in the north temperate zone, Daqing has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa)and is affected by the Siberian high and the East Asian monsoon. Generally, winter is bitterly cold with occasional snowfalls, and spring and autumn are prevailed by monsoons. The vast majority of the annual rainfall occurs during summer. The diurnal temperature variation can be up to 14 °C (25 °F) during the growing period. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −18.5 °C (−1.3 °F) in January to 23.3 °C (73.9 °F) in July, and the annual mean is +4.2 °C (39.6 °F). A majority of the annual precipitation falls in July and August alone. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 53% in July to 70% in February, the city receives 2,726 hours of bright sunshine annually. Extreme temperature ranges from −39.2 °C (−38.6 °F) to 39.8 °C (103.6 °F)


Daqing has a population of 2.9 million, of them mainly Han Chinese, with a few population of other 31 minority ethnic groups including Manchu, Mongolian, Korean, and Hui nationalities. The population density is 112.69/km², urban population density 205.07/km².[3]


Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010 Census)
Sartu District 萨尔图区 Sà'ěrtú Qū 328,808 549 599
Longfeng District 龙凤区 Lóngfèng Qū 352,404 510 691
Ranghulu District 让胡路区 Rànghúlù Qū 564,534 1,394 405
Datong District 大同区 Dàtóng Qū 234,557 2,235 105
Honggang District 红岗区 Hónggǎng Qū 169,522 812 209
Zhaozhou County 肇州县 Zhàozhōu Xiàn 387,463 2,445 158
Zhaoyuan County 肇源县 Zhàoyuán Xiàn 388,828 4,198 93
Lindian County 林甸县 Líndiàn Xiàn 244,578 3,591 68
Dorbod Mongol Autonomous County 杜尔伯特蒙古族自治县 Dù'ěrbótè Měnggǔzú Zìzhìxiàn 233,838 6,427 36

Daqing is divided into 9 county-level divisions: 5 districts, 3 counties and 1 autonomous county.

Administrative divisions

Since its foundation it has been advocated as a model of good practice in industry and healthcare by the Chinese government. The fact that Mao Zedong promulgated his Supreme Directive, In industry, learn from Daqing, in the 1960s reflects how important a role Daqing has historically played in industry in China.[6] The film Entrepreneurial Pioneers (创业), made in the early 1970s, is a literary rendition of the history of Daqing. During the Mao era, Daqing's agricultural counterpart was Dazhai, a village in the hilly Xiyang county, Shanxi Province, for which Chairman Mao issued the directive In agriculture, learn from Dazhai, also in the 1960s.[7]


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