World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Datacard

Article Id: WHEBN0007480844
Reproduction Date:

Title: Datacard  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Panda Electronics, History of video game consoles (third generation)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Datacard

A datacard is an electronic card for data operations (storage, transfer, transformation, input, output).

Datacard types

Datacards can be sorted by their purposes:

  1. Expansion card – printed-circuit board: inserted in a special slot in the device and used to add functions to this device;
  2. Memory card or flash card: a card which is inserted into the corresponding device socket and used for data storage and transmission;
  3. Identification card: a card that works by a contact/contactless interface and contains the data used for performance of various functions, for example access control in subway or offices. It is also used for prepaid services like banking and telecom;
  4. Datacard or "electronic card": a card dealing with e.g. geographical, climatic, road or topographical data to be displayed on the video screen of some device (computer or GPS navigator), or represented otherwise to be more convenient to use in a certain situation (for example, navigator’s vocal instructions).

Expansion cards

Videocard

The expansion card in the computer is equipped with contacts on one of its edges, and it can be inserted into the motherboard slot socket.

There are various types of expansion cards:

  • A videocard transforms data from the computer memory into the video signal for the monitor. The videocard has its own processor, relieving the CPU of the computer;
  • A sound card enables the computer to work with sound;
  • A network card enables the computer to interact on a local network.

Memory cards

Flash cards

Many modern devices demand non-volatile memory requiring low power. Flash memory is used for these purposes. It is widespread in digital portable devices such as photo and video cameras, dictaphones, MP3 players, handheld computers, mobile phones, and also in smart phones and communicators. It is used for storage of the built-in software in various devices (like routers, mini-phonestations, printers, scanners, modems and controllers).

In recent years USB flash-drives have become more popular and have almost replaced diskettes and CDs. Flash memory is well known from its use in USB flash-drives.

Flash cards also are based on flash memory, such as Secure Digital (SD), Compact Flash and Memory Stick. These are much used in portable devices (cameras, mobile phones). Flash memory constitutes the biggest part of the portable data device market.

Identification cards

Contact cards with ISO/IEC 7816 interface

Contact smart cards (with chip) have a contact zone consisting of a few small contact petals. When the card is inserted into the reader, the chip connects with the card reader which can then read and write information. The standard ISO/IEC 7816 also regulates data exchange protocols and some aspects of work with other smart card data.

Such cards are used for holder authorization for reception of certain services, such as bank account access for payments realization, use of prepaid mobile services, etc.

The most widespread contact smart cards are SIM cards, payphone cards and some banking cards.

Contact cards with USB interface

This is often a microcircuit, such as a SIM card segregated from the ISO/IEC 7816 card and mounted in a tiny case with reader and USB connector. It makes smart-card application for computer authentification much more convenient.

Contactless pass card

For example, an electronic key or eToken which is a personal authentification tool and a protected data storage device, supporting work with digital certificates and with an electronic digital signature.

Contactless cards

These are smart cards that communicate with the reader through radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology. The card must be close enough to the reader to perform necessary operations. RFID is often used in areas where operations must be performed quickly, for example in public transport.

There are many examples of contactless smart cards, such as travel tickets in underground and ground transport, the electronic ("biometric") passports, as well as some kinds of cards in access monitoring systems.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.