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David Fränkel

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David Fränkel

David ben Naphtali Fränkel or David Hirschel Fränkel (c. 1704, Berlin – April 4, 1762, Berlin), was a Jewish German rabbi.

Born in Berlin, for a time he was rabbi of Dessau. He became chief rabbi of Berlin in 1742. Fränkel exercised a great influence as teacher over Moses Mendelssohn, who followed him to the Prussian capital. It was Fränkel who introduced Mendelssohn to Maimonides' Moreh Nevuchim, and it was he, too, who befriended his poor disciple, procuring for him free lodging and a few days' board every week in the house of Hayyim Bamberger.

As a Talmudist Fränkel was almost the first to devote himself to a study of the Jerusalem Talmud, which had been largely neglected. He gave a great impetus to the study of this work by his Korban ha-Edah, "The Communal Sacrifice"[1] a commentary in three parts (part 1, on the order Mo'ed, Dessau, 1743; part 2, on Nashim, Berlin, 1757; part 3, on Nezikin, ibid 1760). His additional notes on the Jerusalem Talmud and on Maimonides were published, together with the preceding work, under the title Shirei Korban (Dessau, 1743).[2]

References

Template:JewishEncyclopedia Jewish Encyclopedia bibliography: Azulai, Shem ha-Gedolim, ii. 94; Eliakim Carmoly, Notices Biographiques, in Revue Orientale, iii. 315; Moritz Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl. col. 882; G. Karpeles, Gesch. der Jüdischen Litteratur, pp. 1060, 1071, 1100; J. H. Dessauer, Gesch. der Israeliten, p. 498; Heinrich Graetz, Hist. v. 293-294; Leser Landshuth, Toledot Anshe ha-Shem, pp. 35 et seq., Berlin, 1884; Meyer Kayserling, Moses Mendelssohn, pp. 9 et seq., Leipzig, 1862.

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