World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

David O. McKay

Article Id: WHEBN0000639576
Reproduction Date:

Title: David O. McKay  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of members of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles (LDS Church), J. Reuben Clark, Joseph Fielding Smith, Gordon B. Hinckley, Stephen L Richards
Collection: 1873 Births, 1970 Deaths, 19Th-Century Mormon Missionaries, American Anti-Communists, American Educators, American General Authorities (Lds Church), American Latter Day Saint Writers, American Mormon Missionaries in the United Kingdom, American People of Scottish Descent, Apostles (Lds Church), Burials at Salt Lake City Cemetery, Commissioners of Church Education (Lds Church), Counselors in the First Presidency (Lds Church), Counselors in the General Presidency of the Sunday School (Lds Church), General Presidents of the Sunday School (Lds Church), McKay Family, Mission Presidents (Lds Church), Mormon Missionaries in Scotland, People from Huntsville, Utah, Presidents of the Church (Lds Church), Presidents of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles (Lds Church), University of Utah Alumni, Weber State University People
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

David O. McKay

David O. McKay
9th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
April 9, 1951 (1951-04-09) – January 18, 1970 (1970-01-18T18)
Predecessor George Albert Smith
Successor Joseph Fielding Smith
President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
August 8, 1950 (1950-08-08) – April 9, 1951 (1951-04-09)
Predecessor George F. Richards
Successor Joseph Fielding Smith
End reason Became President of the Church
Second Counselor in the First Presidency
May 21, 1945 (1945-05-21) – April 4, 1951 (1951-04-04)
Called by George Albert Smith
Successor J. Reuben Clark
End reason Dissolution of First Presidency on the death of George Albert Smith
Second Counselor in the First Presidency
October 11, 1934 (1934-10-11) – May 14, 1945 (1945-05-14)
Called by Heber J. Grant
Predecessor J. Reuben Clark
End reason Dissolution of First Presidency on the death of Heber J. Grant
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
April 9, 1906 (1906-04-09) – October 11, 1934 (1934-10-11)
Called by Joseph F. Smith
Predecessor Orson F. Whitney
Successor Anthony W. Ivins
End reason Called as Second Counselor in the First Presidency
LDS Church Apostle
April 9, 1906 (1906-04-09) – January 18, 1970 (1970-01-18T18)
Called by Joseph F. Smith
Reason Resignation of Matthias F. Cowley and John W. Taylor from the Quorum of the Twelve; death of Marriner W. Merrill[1]
Reorganization
at end of term
Boyd K. Packer ordained
Personal details
Born David Oman McKay
(1873-09-08)September 8, 1873
Huntsville, Utah Territory, United States
Died January 18, 1970(1970-01-18) (aged 96)
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
Resting place Salt Lake City Cemetery
Spouse(s) Emma Ray Riggs
Children 7
Parents David McKay
Jennette E. Evans
Signature  
Signature of David O. McKay

David Oman McKay (September 8, 1873 – January 18, 1970) was the ninth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), serving from 1951 until his death. Ordained an apostle and member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles in 1906, McKay was a general authority for nearly 64 years, longer than anyone else in LDS Church history, except Eldred G. Smith (though Smith was not active as a general authority for many years).

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Member of the Quorum of the Twelve 2
  • Influence on education 3
  • President of the LDS Church 4
  • Death 5
  • Family ties 6
  • Teachings 7
  • Works 8
  • Notes 9
  • References 10
  • Further reading 11
  • External links 12

Early life

The third child of David McKay and Jennette Eveline Evans McKay, David Oman McKay was born on his father’s farm in Huntsville, Utah Territory, about 10 miles (16 km) east of Ogden. McKay's mother was a Welsh immigrant from Merthyr Tydfil, and his father was a Scottish immigrant from Caithness.[2] In 1880, after McKay’s two older sisters died, his father was called on an LDS mission to his native Scotland, where he proselyted for two years. In his father's absence, McKay took on additional family responsibilities to help his mother.

McKay's grandmother bequeathed $5000 to McKay's mother upon her death and directed that "every cent ... be used for the education of the children."[3] This money allowed McKay and his brother, Thomas, to attend the University of Utah. McKay graduated in 1897 as valedictorian and class president.[3]

Immediately afterward he was called on a mission to Great Britain. Like his father, he presided over the Scottish district of the church. Early in his mission, he was impressed by the motto "What E'er Thou Art, Act Well Thy Part," which he saw inscribed on a building in Stirling.[2] This message became a source of inspiration for the rest of his life.[4]

Emma Ray McKay (wife)

Upon his return in fall 1899, McKay taught at the high school level at LDS Weber Stake Academy (the predecessor of Weber State University) and became principal in 1902. He married Emma Ray Riggs in the Salt Lake Temple on January 2, 1901. They eventually had seven children, one of whom died as a young child.[5]

For his first three years at Weber, McKay taught mainly religion and literature classes. On April 17, 1902, McKay was appointed principal of Weber succeeding

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints titles
Preceded by
George Albert Smith
President of the Church
April 9, 1951 – January 18, 1970
Succeeded by
Joseph Fielding Smith
Preceded by
George F. Richards
President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
August 8, 1950 – April 9, 1951
Preceded by
J. Reuben Clark
Second Counselor in the First Presidency
May 21, 1945 – April 4, 1951
October 11, 1934 – May 14, 1945
Succeeded by
J. Reuben Clark
Preceded by
Orson F. Whitney
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
April 9, 1906 – April 9, 1951
Succeeded by
Anthony W. Ivins
  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • Quotations related to David O. McKay at Wikiquote
  • Grampa Bill's G.A. Pages: David O. McKay
  • David O. McKay School of Education at Brigham Young University
  • David O. McKay Champion of Freedom - patriotic quotes of David O. McKay.
  • David O. McKay and the Rise of Modern Mormonism [1]- Review of major David O. McKay biography

External links

Further reading

  • .
  • .
  • .

References

  1. ^ George F. Richards and Orson F. Whitney were called at the same time as McKay to fill the three vacancies in the Quorum of the Twelve.
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ a b Prince & Wright (2005), p. 6.
  4. ^
  5. ^ Prince & Wright (2005), p. 8.
  6. ^ Morrill 1966, p. 50
  7. ^ Morrill 1966, p. 52
  8. ^ Andrew Jenson. Encyclopedic History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1941) p. 931
  9. ^ Morrill 1966, pp. 54–55
  10. ^ Malmquist, O.N.:The First 100 Years, pp. 374–380.
  11. ^
  12. ^ Richard O. Cowan. The Church In The Twentieth Century. (Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1985) p. 235–237.
  13. ^ Prince & Wright 2005, p. xvi
  14. ^ Jesse McKinley and Kirk Johnson, "Mormons Tipped Scale in Ban on Gay Marriage", New York Times, 2008-11-14.
  15. ^ Conference Report, April 1959, p. 122.
  16. ^
  17. ^ Quoted from J. E. McCullough, Home: The Savior of Civilization [1924], 42; Conference Report, April 1935, p. 116.
  18. ^

Notes

  • LDS Church publication number 36492.

Works

McKay's statement that "[n]o other success can compensate for failure in the home"[17] is taught to LDS Church members as an important principle.[18]

McKay was concerned with missionary work, and coined the phrase "[e]very member a missionary"[15] in order to encourage church members to become more engaged in that work, and not just leave it to the full-time missionaries.[16]

Teachings

A building at Utah Valley University in Orem, the David O. McKay Events Center, was named for McKay after an anonymous multimillion dollar contribution was given in his honor.

One of McKay's granddaughters is Joyce McKay Bennett[13] the wife of former United States Senator Bob Bennett. Another grandchild, Alan Ashton, was the co-founder and half-owner of WordPerfect, which was eventually sold off to Novell and then to Corel.[14]

McKay's oldest son, general conference.

McKay's niece, Fawn McKay Brodie, was the author of the controversial book No Man Knows My History, a highly critical biography of church founder Joseph Smith, the publication of which led to her eventual excommunication from the LDS Church.

McKay had multiple family ties to other influential Latter-day Saints and Utahns. His younger brother, Thomas Evans McKay (1875–1958), was a prominent missionary and mission leader for the LDS Church in Switzerland and Germany. He also served as an Assistant to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles from 1941 to 1958.

Family ties

McKay died on January 18, 1970, at age 96 and was buried in the Salt Lake City Cemetery.

Death

McKay kept a steady pace of travel until he entered his 90s. His deteriorating health in the mid-1960s ultimately led to the appointment of three additional counselors in the First Presidency, as existing members were increasingly infirm and often unable to preside at church meetings. By 1968, the First Presidency was composed of six members, which made the body larger than it had been since the death of Brigham Young in 1877. McKay's counselors in the First Presidency were Stephen L Richards (First Counselor, 1951–59); J. Reuben Clark, Jr. (Second Counselor (1951–59, First Counselor 1959–61); Henry D. Moyle (Second Counselor 1959–61, First Counselor 1961–63); Hugh B. Brown (Third Counselor 1961, Second Counselor 1961–63, First Counselor 1963–70); N. Eldon Tanner (Second Counselor, 1963–70); Thorpe B. Isaacson (Counselor, 1965–70); Joseph Fielding Smith (Counselor, 1965–70); Alvin R. Dyer (Counselor, 1968–70).

Famous film director Cecil B. DeMille consulted with McKay during the production of The Ten Commandments. They formed a friendship that would last until DeMille's death. McKay invited DeMille to BYU, where he delivered a commencement address in 1957.

During his tenure as president, the church spearheaded the auxiliary organizations. Priesthood correlation continues in the church today.

Under McKay's administration, the LDS Church's stance on Africans holding the priesthood was softened. Beginning in the mid-1950s, members of suspected African descent no longer needed to prove their lineage was not African. Instead, the church allowed dark-skinned members to hold the priesthood unless it was proved that they were of African descent. This policy made proselytizing and priesthood ordination much easier in racially mixed areas, such as South America and South Africa. Blacks of verifiable African descent (including most in the United States) were not permitted to hold the priesthood until eight years after McKay's death.

In 1951, McKay began plans for building what would one-day become BYU-Hawaii. In 1921, McKay had promised the church would build a school near its temple in Hawaii.

McKay was outspoken in his opposition to communism, which he saw as philosophically opposed to faith given its atheist underpinnings and its denial of freedom of choice. Furthermore, communist nations generally forbid proselytizing by the church and most other religions.

McKay became president of the LDS Church when he was 77 years old. He acted in this capacity for 19 years, until his death. In this period, the number of members and stakes in the church nearly tripled, from 1.1 million to 2.8 million, and 184 to 500 respectively.

President of the LDS Church

In honor of his years of dedicated service as an educator, the BYU School of Education was named the McKay School of Education. Weber State University's school of education is housed in a building that carries his name.

Grant chose McKay to serve as Second Counselor in the First Presidency in 1934. He served in the presidency under church presidents Grant and Smith until 1951. In 1950 he became President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, being the second most senior apostle after the church's president. He was ordained president of the church on April 9, 1951 upon Smith's death.

Besides church education, McKay stressed missionary work, and traveled Europe extensively.

McKay guided the remaining LDS school in Utah, Brigham Young University (BYU) into a full four-year university. McKay was the fourth Commissioner of Church Education in 1920 and 1921.

Within the leadership of the LDS Church, McKay maintained his focus on education. As General Superintendent of the church's LDS seminary buildings near public high schools throughout the state of Utah. Adjacent seminary buildings allowed students to take LDS religious courses along with their secular high school education. McKay also transferred three LDS colleges to the state of Utah in the 1920s: Snow College, Weber State University and Dixie College. Utah underfunded the institutions and in 1953 the governor, J. Bracken Lee, offered to give them back to the LDS Church. McKay, then president of the church, said he would accept them, but the proposal failed on voter referendum.

Influence on education

[12] In 1934, McKay was called as second counselor in the First Presidency by

From 1923 until 1925, McKay served as president of the church's European Mission, headquartered in London. In this capacity, he had direct responsibility over all church functions in the British Isles and supervisory functions over mission presidents on the European continent. It was while in this position that McKay first used the slogan "every member a missionary" for the promotion of outreach. The philosophy has since become a standard practice in every unit of the church.

In 1920, the First Presidency assigned McKay to make a worldwide tour of the missions of the church with Hugh J. Cannon. They dedicated China for the preaching of the gospel, traveled to Hawaii where McKay first had the vision that led to the founding of BYU–Hawaii many years later, and visited Samoa, Tonga, New Zealand, and Palestine. In Palestine they met up with Wilford Booth and visited Armenian Latter-day Saints. McKay arrived back in Utah on Christmas Eve, 1921. The details of this 61,646-mile journey are recorded in an account by Hugh Cannon.[11]

In October 1906, McKay became an assistant to the superintendent of the Deseret Sunday School Union. At the time, Joseph F. Smith was both President of the Church and Superintendent of the Sunday School, so much of the actual running of the Sunday School was performed by McKay. After Smith died, McKay became the Sunday School superintendent.

McKay while second counselor in the First Presidency (ca.1939)

Member of the Quorum of the Twelve

McKay enjoyed a long, personal friendship with John F. Fitzpatrick, publisher of the Salt Lake Tribune (1924–60). They would meet once a week for breakfast to discuss the betterment of the state of Utah. Fitzpatrick, the architect of the Newspaper Agency Corporation, a joint operating agreement between the Salt Lake Tribune (Kearns Corporation) and the church-owned Deseret News, consulted extensively with McKay to form this mutually beneficial business in 1952.[10]

Prior to this appointment to full-time church service, McKay had planned on a career in education and educational administration. Even after his appointment, McKay stayed active in education. He continued serving as principal of the Weber Stake Academy until 1908 when he was replaced by Wilford M. McKendrick.[8] McKay stayed on to see new building projects that he had inaugurated completed.[9] He also served on the Weber school's board of trustees until 1922 and on the University of Utah's board of regents from 1921 to 1922.

In 1905, church apostles Orson F. Whitney, and McKay were called as apostles in the church's April 1906 general conference. McKay was 32 years old at the time.

McKay also oversaw the inauguration of sports programs at Weber. In 1905 they won their baseball game against the University of Utah. There were also men's and women's basketball teams organized during McKay's tenure.[7]

[6]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.