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Demographics of Nova Scotia

 

Demographics of Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia (Latin for New Scotland; }

}}: Nouvelle-Écosse) is a Canadian province located on Canada's southeastern coast. It is the most populous province in the Atlantic Canada, and its capital, Halifax, is a major economic centre of the region. Nova Scotia is the second smallest province in Canada, with an area of 55,284 km². Its population of 921,727[1] makes it the fourth least populous province of the country.

Contents

  • Population 1
    • Regional municipalities 1.1
    • Towns 1.2
    • Population centres 1.3
    • Population of Nova Scotia since 1851 1.4
  • Visible minorities and Aboriginals 2
  • Languages 3
  • Migration 4
    • Immigration 4.1
    • Internal migration 4.2
  • Religion 5
  • Employment 6
  • Income 7
  • Notes 8
  • Gross domestic product 9
  • See also 10
  • References 11

Population

Nova Scotia is the seventh most populous province in Canada with an estimated 921,727 residents as of 2011. It accounts for 3 percent of the population of Canada. The population density is approximately 17.2 persons/km². Roughly 60% of the population live in rural parts of the province.

Regional municipalities

Nova Scotia has three regional municipalities.
Name Population
(2011)[2]
Population
(2006)[2]
Change
(%)[2]
Area
(km²)[2]
Population
density[2]
Cape Breton 97,398 102,250 2,433.35 40.0
Halifax 390,096 372,679 4.7 5,490.28 71.1
Queens 10,917 11,177 2,392.85 4.6
Total regional municipalities 498,411 486,106 2.5 10,316.48 48.3

Towns

Nova Scotia has 28 towns, not including the former Town of Canso that dissolved to become part of Guysborough County on July 1, 2012 and the former Towns of Bridgetown and Springhill which dissolved on April 1, 2015.[3]

Towns of Nova Scotia
Name Population
(2011)[2]
Population
(2006)[2]
Change
(%)[2]
Area
(km²)[2]
Population
density[2]
Amherst 9,717 9,505 2.2 12.02 808.4
Annapolis Royal 481 444 8.3 2.04 235.8
Antigonish 4,524 4,236 6.8 5.15 879.2
Berwick 2,454 2,454 0 6.66 368.6
Bridgewater 8,241 7,944 3.7 13.6 605.8
Clark's Harbour 820 860 −4.7 2.9 282.7
Digby 2,152 2,092 2.9 3.14 686.1
Kentville 6,094 5,815 4.8 17.35 351.2
Lockeport 588 646 −9 2.32 253.4
Lunenburg 2,313 2,317 −0.2 4.01 576.9
Mahone Bay 943 904 4.3 3.13 301.4
Middleton 1,749 1,829 −4.4 5.44 321.6
Mulgrave 794 879 −9.7 17.81 44.6
New Glasgow 9,562 9,455 1.1 9.93 963.3
Oxford 1,151 1,178 −2.3 10.76 106.9
Parrsboro 1,305 1,401 −6.9 14.88 87.7
Pictou 3,437 3,813 −9.9 7.94 432.9
Port Hawkesbury 3,366 3,517 −4.3 8.11 414.8
Shelburne 1,686 1,879 −10.3 9 187.3
Stellarton 4,485 4,717 −4.9 8.99 498.8
Stewiacke 1,438 1,421 1.2 17.67 81.4
Trenton 2,616 2,741 −4.6 6 435.7
Truro 12,059 11,765 2.5 37.63 320.5
Westville 3,798 3,805 −0.2 14.39 264
Windsor 3,785 3,709 2 9.06 417.8
Wolfville 4,269 3,772 13.2 6.45 661.7
Yarmouth 6,761 7,162 −5.6 10.56 640.3
Total towns 100,588 100,260 0.3 266.94 375.59

Population centres

The Halifax population centre is the largest urban area in Nova Scotia. Statistics Canada recognizes a total of 37 population centres in the province.[4]

Population centres of Nova Scotia
Rank Population centre Size group Population in 2011  Population in 2006 
1 Halifax Large urban 297,943 285,480
2 Cape Breton - Sydney Medium 97,398 102,250
3 Truro Small 23,261 22,376
4 New Glasgow Small 20,609 20,876
5 Kentville Small 14,234 13,552
6 Amherst Small 9,811 9,598
7 Bridgewater Small 8,310 8,021
8 Yarmouth Small 6,761 7,162
9 Kingston - Greenwood Small 6,595 6,528
10 Antigonish Small 5,084 4,712
11 Wolfville Small 4,269 3,772
12 Windsor Small 4,095 3,986
13 Enfield Small 3,892 3,415
14 Springhill Small 3,868 3,941
15 Lake Echo Small 3,562 3,467
16 Pictou Small 3,437 3,813
17 Port Hawkesbury Small 3,366 3,517
18 Liverpool Small 2,653 2,759
19 Berwick Small 2,504 2,524
20 Lunenburg Small 2,313 2,317
21 Digby Small 2,152 2,097
22 Hammonds Plains Road Small 1,840 3,124
23 Middleton Small 1,749 1,829
24 Shelburne Small 1,686 1,879
25 Still Water Lake Small 1,677 855
26 Lantz Small 1,533 1,626
27 Brookside Small 1,531 1,824
28 Chester Small 1,529 1,496
29 Inverness Small 1,387 1,464
30 Hantsport Small 1,377 1,432
31 Parrsboro Small 1,305 1,401
32 Oxford Small 1,151 1,178
33 Hayes Subdivision Small 1,090 1,053
34 Bridgetown Small 1,014 1,082

Population of Nova Scotia since 1851

Year Population % change Rank*
5-year 10-year
1851 276,854
3
1861 330,857 19.5
1871 387,800 17.2
1881 440,572 13.6
1891 450,396 2.2
1901 459,574 2.0
1911 492,338 7.1
4
1921 523,837 6.4
7
1931 512,846 - 2.1
1941 577,962 12.7
1951 642,584 11.2
1956 694,717 8.1
Year Population % change Rank*
5-year 10-year
1961 737,007 6.1 14.7
7
1966 756,039 2.6 8.8
1971 788,965 4.4 7.0
1976 828,570 5.0 9.6
1981 847,442 2.3 7.4
1986 873,175 3.0 5.4
1991 899,942 3.1 6.2
1996 909,282 1.0 4.1
2001 908,007 - 0.1 0.9
2006 913,462 0.6 2.8
2011 921,727 0.9 1.5

Source: Statistics Canada [1][5]
* among provinces.
** Preliminary 2006 census estimate.

Visible minorities and Aboriginals

Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2006 Census)
Population group Population % of total population
White 841,230 93.2%
Visible minority group
Source:[6]
South Asian 3,810 0.4%
Chinese 4,305 0.5%
Black 19,230 2.1%
Filipino 700 0.1%
Latin American 955 0.1%
Arab 4,505 0.5%
Southeast Asian 815 0.1%
West Asian 775 0.1%
Korean 795 0.1%
Japanese 500 0.1%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 260 0%
Multiple visible minority 1,035 0.1%
Total visible minority population 37,685 4.2%
Aboriginal group
Source:[7]
First Nations 15,240 1.7%
Métis 7,680 0.9%
Inuit 320 0%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 830 0.1%
Multiple Aboriginal identity 100 0%
Total Aboriginal population 24,175 2.7%
Total population 903,090 100%

Languages

Mother tongue in Nova Scotia: Red – majority anglophone, Orange – mixed, Blue – majority francophone.
The 2011 Canadian census showed a population of 921,727.
Of the 904,285 singular responses to the census question concerning mother tongue the most commonly reported languages were:
Ranking Language Population Percentage
1. English 836,085 92.46%
2. French 31,105 3.44%
3. Arabic 5,965 0.66%
4. Algonquian languages 4,685 0.52%
Mi'kmaq 4,620 0.51%
5. German 3,275 0.36%
6. Chinese 2,750 0.30%
Mandarin 905 0.10%
Cantonese 590 0.06%
7. Dutch 1,725 0.19%
8. Spanish 1,545 0.17%
=9. Tagalog 1,185 0.13%
=9. Persian 1,185 0.13%
11. Polish 825 0.09%
=12. Korean 815 0.09%
=12. Russian 815 0.09%
14. Italian 790 0.09%
15. Greek 775 0.08%
16. Scandinavian languages 595 0.06%
Danish 175 0.02%
Norwegian 125 0.02%
Icelandic 120 0.01%
Swedish 85 0.01%
17. Urdu 540 0.06%
18. Serbo-Croatian languages 520 0.06%
Croatian 210 0.02%
Serbo-Croatian 105 0.01%
Bosnian 90 0.01%
Serbian 115 0.01%
19. Hindi 515 0.06%
20. Vietnamese 450 0.05%
21. Portuguese 380 0.04%
22. Bengali 375 0.04%
23. Panjabi 370 0.04%
24. Celtic languages 330 0.04%
Gaelic languages 305 0.03%
25. Japanese 305 0.03%
26. Ukrainian 300 0.03%
27. Hungarian 280 0.03%
28. Czech 180 0.02%
29. Romanian 170 0.02%
30. Gujarati 105 0.01%

There were also 275 single-language responses for Turkish; 195 for Non-verbal languages (Sign languages); 30 for Malay; 100 for Bantu languages; 70 for Kurdish; 120 for Slovak; and 5 for Estonian. Figures shown are for the number of single language responses and the percentage of total single-language responses.[8]

Migration

Immigration

The 2006 Canadian census counted a total of 45,195 immigrants living in Nova Scotia.
The most commonly reported origins for these immigrants were:

[9]
Country Immigrants
1. United Kingdom 11,665
2. United States 7,960
3. Germany 2,850
4. Netherlands 1,830
5. China 1,740
6. India 1,440
7. Lebanon 1,265
8. Poland 970
9. Kuwait 780
10. Egypt 675
11. former Yugoslavia 670
12. Greece 545
13. Italy 540
14. France 530
15. Iran 520
16. Pakistan 450
17. South Korea 430
18. Ireland (Eire) 425
19. Philippines 420
20. Vietnam 375

There were also 365 immigrants from Australia; 320 from South Africa; 280 from Hong Kong; 255 from Saudi Arabia; 245 from Iraq and from Trinidad and Tobago; 225 from Hungary and from Russia; 220 from Portugal; 215 from Switzerland; 210 from Denmark; and 205 from Belize.

Internal migration

A total of 101,035 people moved to Nova Scotia from other parts of Canada between 1996 and 2006 while 110,335 people moved in the opposite direction. These movements resulted in a net outmigration of 11,925 people to Alberta and 4,120 to Ontario; as well as a net influx of 4,690 people from Newfoundland and Labrador and 2,930 from New Brunswick. During this period there was a net outmigration of 835 francophones to Quebec and 340 to Alberta; and a net influx of 575 anglophones from Quebec and 145 francophones from New Brunswick. (All net inter-provincial movements of more than 500 persons and official minority movements of more than 100 persons are given.)[10][11]

Religion

According to the 2001 census 36.5% of Nova Scotians were Roman Catholic, while 15.9% belonged to the United Church of Canada and 13.4% were Anglican. About 10.6% of the population identified as Baptist, 2.5% as Presbyterian, 1.7% as simply Protestant, 1.2% as Lutheran, 1.1% as simply Christian, and 1.0% as Pentecostal. 0.5% of the population reported belonging to the Jehovah's Witnesses, and 0.4% to the Salvation Army; while 0.4% identified as Muslim, 0.3% as Mormon, 0.2% as Wesleyan, 0.2% as Jewish, 0.2% as Greek Orthodox, 0.2% as Buddhist, and 0.2% as Seventh-day Adventist. 11.6% said they had no religion.[12]

Employment

As of November 2009, the unemployment rate is 9.2 percent.[13]

Income

Median Household Income
By County By Community
Rank County 2011[14]
1 Halifax County $62,049
2 Hants County $60,186
3 Antigonish County $57,577
Nova Scotia $53,606
4 Inverness County $53,194
5 Kings County $51,850
6 Richmond County $50,745
7 Colchester County $50,568
8 Pictou County $50,417
9 Lunenburg County $48,154
10 Yarmouth County $47,676
11 Victoria County $47,413
12 Cape Breton County $47,224
13 Queens County $45,050
14 Shelburne County $44,267
15 Cumberland County $43,385
17 Annapolis County $43,522
17 Digby County $42,293
18 Guysborough County $42,063
Rank Community 2011[14]
1 Halifax Regional Municipality $62,069
2 Port Hawkesbury $61,013
Nova Scotia $53,606
3 Stewiacke $52,118
4 Mahone Bay $49,158
5 Wolfville $48,671
6 Hantsport $48,584
7 Clark's Harbour $48,102
8 Cape Breton Regional Municipality $47,830
9 Stellarton $46,307
10 Antigonish $45,538
11 Kentville $45,098
12 New Glasgow $44,942
13 Westville $44,647
14 Middleton $44,048
15 Annapolis Royal $43,956
16 Trenton $42,535
17 Pictou $41,905[A]
18 Truro $41,878
19 Windsor $41,859
20 Amherst $41,027
21 Bridgewater $40,049
22 Berwick $39,674
23 Lunenburg $39,529
24 Bridgetown $38,248[A]
25 Oxford $37,734[A]
26 Springhill $36,995[A]
27 Mulgrave $36,200
28 Canso $35,574
29 Shelburne $35,526
30 Yarmouth $34,572
31 Lockeport $33,854[A]
32 Digby $33,437
33 Parrsboro $27,472[A]

Notes

Gross domestic product

Nova Scotia GDP is presently approximately $33 billion (Can) annually.

See also

BC
AB
SK
MB
ON
QC
NB
PE
NS
NL
YT
NT
NU
Canadian Provinces and Territories

References


-- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p
  1. ^ a b Canada's population. Statistics Canada. Last accessed September 28, 2006.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j
  3. ^
  4. ^ Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and population centres, 2011 and 2006 censuses: Nova Scotia. Statistics Canada.
  5. ^ Population urban and rural, by province and territory (Nova Scotia). Statistics Canada, 2005.
  6. ^ Scotia&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=, Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Province/Territory
  7. ^ Scotia&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=, Aboriginal Population Profile from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Province/Territory
  8. ^ Detailed Mother Tongue (186), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) (2011 Census)
  9. ^ Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (8) and Place of Birth (261) (2006 Census)
  10. ^ Province or Territory of Residence 5 Years Ago (14), Mother Tongue (8), Age Groups (16) and Sex (3) (2006 Census)
  11. ^ Province or Territory of Residence 5 Years Ago (14), Mother Tongue (8), Age Groups (16) and Sex (3) (2001 census)
  12. ^ Religion (95A), Age Groups (7A)
  13. ^ http://www.gov.ns.ca/finance/publish/lmm/LMM0911.pdf Unemployment rate
  14. ^ a b National Household Survey (NHS) Profile - Select from a List Statistics Canada


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