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Dhuwal language

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Title: Dhuwal language  
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Subject: Burarra language, Garawan languages, Macro-Gunwinyguan languages, Queensland Kanaka English, Murrinh-patha language
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Dhuwal language

Native to Australia
Region Northern Territory
Native speakers
4,100  (2006 census)[1]
Dhalwangu [Dhay'yi]
Djarrwark [Dhay'yi]
Yolŋu Sign Language
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
duj – Dhuwal
djr – Djambarrpuyngu
gnn – Gumatj
guf – Gupapuyngu
dax – Dayi (Dhay'yi)
AIATSIS[2] N198*, N199*, N118

Dhuwal (Dual, Duala) is a dialect cluster of the Australian Aboriginal Yolŋu language, spoken in Australia's Northern Territory. All varieties of Yolŋu are mutually intelligible to some extent.

Dialects of the Yirritja moiety are (a) Gupapuyngu and Gumatj; those of the Dhuwa moiety are (b) Djambarrpuyngu, Djapu, Liyagalawumirr, and Guyamirlili (Gwijamil). In addition, it would appear that the Dhay'yi (Dayi) dialects, (a) Dhalwangu and (b) Djarrwark, are part of the same language.[3]

Ethnologue divides Dhuwal into four languages, plus Dayi.

  • Dhuwal proper (Wulamba), Datiwuy, Dhuwaya, Liyagawumirr, Marrangu, and Djapu: 600 speakers
  • Djampbarrpuyŋu, 2,760 speakers
  • Gumatj, 240 speakers
  • Gupapuyngu, 330 speakers
  • Dhay'yi (Dayi) and Dhalwangu, 170 speakers

Numbers are from the 2006 census.


  1. ^ Dhuwal at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Djambarrpuyngu at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Gumatj at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Gupapuyngu at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Dayi (Dhay'yi) at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Dhuwal at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies  (see the info box for additional links)
  3. ^  
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