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Dornier 228

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Dornier 228

Dornier 228
LGW Do 228-200
Role Airliner
Manufacturer Dornier GmbH
First flight March 21, 1981
Introduction 1982
Status Active service In production
Produced 1981-1998
2009–present
Number built 270
Unit cost
$ 7,000,000 Dornier 228NG
Developed from Dornier Do 28

The Dornier 228 is a twin-turboprop STOL utility aircraft, manufactured by Dornier GmbH (later DASA Dornier, Fairchild-Dornier) from 1981 until 1998. In 1983, Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL) bought a production licence and manufactured 117 aircraft for the Asian market sphere. [1]Approximately 270 Do 228 were built at Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany and Kanpur, India. In August 2006, 127 Dornier Do 228 aircraft (all variants) remain in airline service.[2]

In 2009, RUAG started building a Dornier 228 New Generation in Germany with the fuselage, wings and tail unit manufactured by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) in Kanpur (India) and transported to Oberpfaffenhofen near Munich, where RUAG Aviation carries out aircraft final assembly, customized equipment installation, product conformity inspection and aircraft delivery. It is basically the same aircraft with improved technologies and performances, such as a new five blade propeller, glass cockpit and longer range.[3] The first delivery was in September 2010.[4]

In January 2013, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) announced that it would build 20 more Dornier DO-228 aircraft during 2013-14.

Design and development

In the late 1970s, Dornier GmbH developed a new kind of wing, the TNT (Tragflügel neuer Technologie), subsidized by the German Government. Dornier tested it on a modified Do 28D-2 Skyservant and with Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-110 turboprop engines. Finally, Dornier changed the engine and tested the new aircraft, which was named Do 128 with two Garrett AiResearch TPE-331-5 engines.[5] The company developed a new fuselage for the TNT and TPE 331–5 in two variants (15- and 19-passenger) and named both project-aircraft E-1 (later Do 228-100) and E-2 (later Do 228-200). At ILA '80, Dornier presented the new aircraft in public. Both the prototypes were flown on 28 March 1981 and 9 May 1981 for the first time.[6][7]

After German certification was granted on 18 December 1981, the first Do 228 entered service in the fleet of Norving in July 1982.[6] British and United States certification followed on 17 April and 11 May 1984 respectively.[7] Over the years Dornier offered the 228 in upgraded variants and with special equipment for special missions. In 1998 the production line was stopped for better development of the successor Fairchild-Dornier 328.

Do 228NG


The Dornier 228NG was produced by RUAG Aviation and certified by EASA on 18 August 2010.[8] First delivery, to a Japanese customer, took place in September 2010. The main changes from the previous Dornier 228-212 model are a new 5-blade propeller made of composite material, more powerful engines and an advanced glass cockpit featuring electronic instrument displays.[9] In 2011, the Bangladesh Navy ordered 2 Do 228NG for the surveillance and search and rescue (SAR) mission. The aircraft are expected to be delivered in early 2013.

Operators

Civilian operators

The major operators of the 127 Do 228 aircraft remaining in service in August 2006 include:

Some 35 other airlines operate smaller numbers of the aircraft.[2] Lufttransport (Norway) operates 2 Dornier 228's and AeroVip (Portugal) operates 2 Do 228, also SATA (Portugal) operated these aircraft.

Police, Law Enforcement, Para-Military operators

 India
 Netherlands
 Oman
  • Royal Oman Police Air Wing
 United Kingdom

Mauritius Mauritian National Coast Guard

Military operators


 Angola
 Bangladesh
 Bhutan
 Cape Verde
 Finland
 Germany
 India
 Italy
 Malawi
 Netherlands
 Oman
 Seychelles
  • Seychelles Air Force - Operates 1 Do 228. A second to be delivered in 2014. Both aircraft donated by India.
 Thailand
 Venezuela

Former Military operators

 Germany

Accidents and incidents

  • On 2 January 1993, an Indian Coast Guard Do 228 crashed in sea approx 20 nm off Orisa coast. One pilot and one maintenance crew survived. Four maintenance crew were killed.
  • On 31 July 1993, an Everest Air Dornier Do 228 crashed in the Himalayas, killing all 19 people on board.
  • On 10 August 1997, Formosa Airlines Flight 7601, crashed while attempting to land at Matsu Beigan Airport. All 16 passengers and crew on board perished in the accident.
  • On 30 July 1998, a Dornier aircraft crashed while taking off at Cochin airport in Kerala killing all six persons on board and three others who were working inside a naval workshop building onto which it nose-dived and burst into flames
  • On 4 December 2003, a Dornier 228 of Kato Air operating Flight 603 was struck by lightning, causing a fracture to the control rod that operated the elevator. The aircraft subsequently landed heavily just short of the runway at Bodø. Both crewmembers sustained serious injuries while both passengers sustained slight injuries. The aircraft, registered LN-HTA, was written off.[25]
  • In January 2005, Polar 4 was severely damaged during a rough landing at the British over-wintering station Rothera on the Antarctic Peninsula. As it was impossible to repair the plane, the aircraft had to be decommissioned. Since then, scientific and logistical tasks of polar flights have been performed by Polar 2.
  • On 17 September 2006, an 18-seater Dornier 228 Nigerian Air Force transport plane, carrying 15 senior army officers and three crew members crashed into a hillside, leaving only three surviving passengers and two crew members that sustained serious injuries. The plane with registration number NAF 033 crashed near a remote village in Benue State at about 10:30 a.m. The military officers were members of a committee setup by the government to reposition the Nigerian Army. The plane departed Abuja in the early morning hours of September 17, on its way to Obudu Cattle Ranch in Cross River State where the officers were to hold a retreat and crashed about 18 nautical miles from its destination.
  • On 13 December, 2008, a Dornier 228 C-FYEV with 14 people on board operated by Summit Air Charters, was on approach at Cambridge Bay (YCB) after a flight from Resolute Bay (YRB) when the aircraft collided with terrain about 2,5 km short of the runway. One flight crew member and one passenger received minor injuries.[26]
  • On 24 August 2010, Agni Air Flight 101 crashed outside of Kathmandu in heavy rain, killing all 14 people on board.[27]
  • On 23 June 2011, Tara Air Do 228 9N-AGQ was substantially damaged in a heavy landing and runway excursion at Simikot Airport, Nepal. The aircraft was operating a cargo flight from Nepalgunj Airport.[28]
  • On 28 Sept 2012, a Sita Air Flight 601 crashed just one minute after it took off for [1]. Later in a press release by TIA, it was confirmed that a bird struck the aircraft, leading to an unusual maneuver which was informed right away to ATC by the captain of the aircraft.
  • On 9 September 2013, A Corpflite Dornier 228, registration CC-CNW crashed into power lines whilst attempting to land in fog at Viña del Mar Airport, resulting in the loss of both crew members on board. [30]

Specifications (Do 228-212)


Data from Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1999/2000 [31]

General characteristics
  • Crew: 2 pilots
  • Capacity: 19 passengers
  • Payload: 2,340 kg freight (5,158 lb)
  • Length: 16.56 m (54 ft 4 in)
  • Wingspan: 16.97 m (55 ft 8 in)
  • Height: 4.86 m (15 ft 11 in)
  • Wing area: 32.0 m² (344 sq ft)
  • Airfoil: A-5
  • Empty weight: 3,739 kg (8,243 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 6,400 kg (-212) 6,200 kg (-202K) 6,100 kg (-202) 5,700 (-101) (14,550 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Garrett AiResearch TPE-331-5-252D or -10 variation( GP and GT ) turboprop, 578 kW (776 shp flat rated for -5A and -10 powerplants ( Available at 30 Celsius at Sea Level ) / 715 shp flat rated for -5 variations) each
  • Propellers: Hartzell Propellers model- HC-B4TN-5ML/LT10574 , 4 per engine
    • Propeller diameter: 105 INCH ()

Performance

See also

Germany portal
Aviation portal

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Related lists

References

  • Hoyle, Craig. "World Air Forces Directory". Flight International, 14–20 December 2010. ISSN 0015-3710. pp. 26–53.
  • Hoyle, Craig. "World Air Forces Directory". Flight International, 13–19 December 2011. ISSN 0015-3710. pp. 26–52.
  • "Dornier's Way With Commuters". Air International, October 1987, Vol 33 No 4. Bromley, UK:Fine Scroll. ISSN 0306-5634. pp. 163–169, 201—202.
  • Taylor, John W.R. (editor). Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1988-89. Coulsdon, UK: Jane's Defence Data, 1988. ISBN 0-7106-0867-5.
  • Taylor, Michael J.H. Brassey's World Aircraft Systems Directory 1999/2000. London:Brassey's, 1999. ISBN 1-85753-245-7.

External links

  • RUAG Aerospace Deutschland
  • HAL India
  • Aircraft data & history by airliners.net
  • Simtec GmbH Dornier 228 full-flight-simulator
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