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Downtown Atlanta

Downtown Atlanta
District
Part of the Downtown Atlanta skyline
Part of the Downtown Atlanta skyline
Downtown Atlanta is located in Metro Atlanta
Downtown Atlanta
Location in Metro Atlanta
Coordinates:
Elevation 225-320 m (738-1,050 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 26,700 (approximately)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)

Downtown Atlanta is the central business district of

  • Official Website for the City of Atlanta
  • Central Atlanta Progress, Atlanta Downtown Improvement District

External links

  1. ^ Downtown Atlanta Residential Report, accessed Feb. 21, 2012
  2. ^ ATLANTA HISTORY, 1782-1859, accessed June 8, 2008
  3. ^ New Georgia Encyclopedia: Atlanta, accessed on July 29, 2009
  4. ^ History of Atlanta - 1792 to the 1900s, accessed July 29, 2009
  5. ^ a b c d e CAP/ADID Having Fun - Atlanta History, accessed June 8, 2008
  6. ^ Western & Atlantic Railroad Zero Milepost-Atlanta: A National Register of Historical Places Travel Itinerary
  7. ^ ATLANTA HISTORY, 1782-1859
  8. ^ http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-2207
  9. ^ Theorizing the City: The New Urban Anthropology Reader, edited by Setha M. Low, pp. 324-35
  10. ^ Theorizing the City: The New Urban Anthropology Reader, edited by Setha M. Low, p. 318
  11. ^ The University As Urban Developer: Case Studies And Analysis, edited by David C. Perry and Wim Wiewel, p. 139
  12. ^ Tornado Claims One in Polk County by Tim Eberly and Paul Shea for the Atlanta Journal and Constitution, March 15, 2008. Retrieved March 15, 2008.
  13. ^ Bank of America Plaza, Atlanta/Emporis.com
  14. ^ CAP/ADID Doing Business - Atlanta-at-a-Glance
  15. ^ http://dsg.colliers.com/document.aspx?report=1197.pdf
  16. ^ http://www.colliersmn.com/prod/ccgrd.nsf/publish/D6404E72A4A79962862572A2007748AA/$File/Q4+2006+DFW+Office+Market+Report.pdf
  17. ^ Colliers Setup SPREADS
  18. ^ "The Atlanta Region." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on January 17, 2010.
  19. ^ "Regional Offices: Aviation." National Transportation Safety Board. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  20. ^ Historic Federal Buildings, accessed on June 13, 2008
  21. ^ Sam Nunn Atlanta Federal Center - Atlanta Business Chronicle, accessed on June 13, 2008
  22. ^ Richard B. Russell Federal Building - ENERGY Start, accessed on June 13, 2008
  23. ^ Georgia Dome - About the Dome, accessed on June 13, 2008
  24. ^ The Official Site of The Atlanta Braves: Ballpark: Turner Field
  25. ^ Tabernacle Atlanta - History
  26. ^ Saporta, Maria (March 12, 1998), "Former House of Blues reopening in downtown as the Tabernacle", The Atlanta Journal and Constitution: F-2, retrieved 2009-02-02 
  27. ^ GWCC, accessed on June 13, 2008
  28. ^ History of Underground
  29. ^ Shops
  30. ^ Restaurants
  31. ^ Kenny's Alley
  32. ^ Peachtree Center - The Hearf of Atlanta
  33. ^ "Contáctenos." Consulate-General of Argentina in Atlanta. Retrieved on July 28, 2009.
  34. ^ "Peachtree Center" (Map). Peachtree Center. Retrieved on July 28, 2009.
  35. ^ "Address, Contact and Office Hours." Consulate-General of Germany in Atlanta. Retrieved on July 28, 2009.
  36. ^ "General Information." Consulate-General of South Korea in Atlanta. Retrieved on July 28, 2009.
  37. ^ "British Consulate-General - Atlanta." UK in the USA. Retrieved on July 28, 2009.
  38. ^ WOODRUFFPARK.COM, accessed June 13, 2008
  39. ^ History of the Park
  40. ^ Explore the Aquarium - The Georgia Aquarium
  41. ^ http://www.georgiaaquarium.org/visitUs/
  42. ^ CAP/ADID- National Museum of Health
  43. ^ The National Health Museum
  44. ^ Atlanta Business Chronicle"GSU picks site for business, law schools"

References

See also

Downtown is a transportation hub for the entire region. The Downtown Connector runs north and south through the district. The Connector is the primary freeway artery for the city. Downtown is also served by Interstate 20, which creates the southern border of Downtown. Downtown also has many surface streets that serve as alternatives to the Downtown Connector. MARTA's east-west and north-south subway lines converge in the middle of Downtown at the Five Points MARTA station. The MARTA North-South Line has four additional stops in Downtown-Garnett (in South Downtown), Peachtree Center, and Civic Center (in SoNo). The MARTA East-West line has two additional stops in Downtown-Dome/Philips Arena/GWCC/CNN and Georgia State.

Transportation

Woodruff Park and Sweet Auburn.[44]

The Downtown Connector in Downtown Atlanta

Education

Just north of Centennial Olympic Park is the Pemberton Place, is a permanent exhibition to the history of Coca-Cola. Downtown Atlanta is in the process of bringing new attractions to the area, particularly in the area clustered around Centennial Olympic Park. In June 2008, Atlanta was selected for the future home of the National Health Museum. The location will be near Centennial Olympic Park where it is estimated to attract between 1.1 and 1.4 million visitors per year.[42][43]

Attractions

Playground spelling "ATL" in Woodruff Park

Woodruff Park, named after Robert W. Woodruff, is a 6-acre (24,000 m2) park in Downtown located a block away from Five Points. The park is the location of the iconic Phoenix Memorial, which memorializes Atlanta's rise from the ashes of the Civil War.[38] Built as a legacy of the 1996 Olympic Games, Centennial Olympic Park, located on 21-acre (85,000 m2) area of Downtown, is the largest downtown park in the United States developed in the last 25 years.[39] A famous part of the park is the Fountain of Rings, the world's largest interactive fountain utilizing the Olympic symbol of five interconnecting Rings. The park hosts many events, such as music concerts and a fireworks display for the Independence Day holiday. Hurt Park (Atlanta) with its fountain was an attraction in the 1940s and 1950s and a reminder of a bygone age.

Public art in Peachtree Center

Parks

[37] The

Diplomatic missions

Located near the MARTA Five Points Station, Underground Atlanta is Downtown's shopping and entertainment district. During the 1920s, streets in the area were raised above the ground (and the railroad tracks) for a better flow of traffic.[28] Under these viaducts is a district for entertainment and shopping. Underground contains retail stores, restaurants that serve a variety of different foods, and several nightclubs in Kenny's Alley.[29][30][31] The Mall at Peachtree Center, located on Peachtree Street, has 60 specialty shops, including six full-scale restaurants, as well as a regular food court, a conference center in the South Tower. The mall also includes the Peachtree Center Athletic Club, which contains a 72,000-square-foot (6,700 m2) full service athletic facility.[32] Transit access is provided MARTA's Peachtree Center station that is directly connected to the mall.

Retail

) of space, more than a million people attend conventions at the Georgia World Congress Center annually, and as many 125,000 people attend a single event. 2 As the fourth largest convention center in the United States and with 1,400,000 sq ft (130,000 m[27] Clustered around the Georgia Dome and the CNN Center, the

The Tabernacle, located on Luckie Street, is a music concert hall built in 1910 for Tabernacle Baptist Church. In 1996 the building was converted into a House of Blues Club for the Olympics.[25] It was renamed "The Tabernacle" in 1998.[26] The concert hall is four stories and can seat 2600.

Street scene in Peachtree Center

Downtown is home to all of the city's major sporting venues. The Philips Arena, the home of the Atlanta Hawks, the city's NBA team, and the Atlanta Dream, the city's WNBA team. The arena opened in September 1999 and has the following capacities: Hockey, 18,750; Basketball 18,729; Concerts 21,000. The arena is located directly across Centennial Olympic Park Drive from the CNN Center. Just south of Interstate 20 is Turner Field, home to the Atlanta Braves, the city's MLB team. The baseball park is capable of seating 50,096.[24]

Venues and convention centers

Downtown is also marked by its state, county, and city government facilities. The Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta before it moved to its Midtown location in 2001.

The State Bar of Georgia, the former Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.

The Federal government maintains a strong prescience in Downtown Atlanta. The Elbert P. Tuttle U.S. Court of Appeals building, named after a former Chief Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit (the predecessor court to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit).

Governmental facilities

Downtown Atlanta contains over 26,000,000 square feet (2,400,000 m2) of office space; combined with Midtown as the central business district they make up over 48 million[15] sq ft, more than the CBDs of Dallas,[16] and Miami.[17] Downtown's economy is also driven by its government facilities, venues, and retail options.

Economy

Downtown Atlanta is divided into nine subdistricts:[14]

Marietta Street in Downtown Atlanta

Neighborhoods

Downtown Atlanta is the heart and the largest of the three business districts of the city. This area contains striking architecture dating as far back as the 19th century. Some of the most famous and/or tallest buildings in Downtown include:

The area of downtown contains among the tallest buildings in Atlanta. The tallest building in Atlanta, the Bank of America Plaza building, is situated between Midtown Atlanta and Downtown Atlanta. Rising at 1,023 feet (312 m),[13] Bank of America Plaza is also the tallest building in any of the U.S. state capitals, and the tallest building in the U.S. outside of New York City and Chicago.

Atlanta Downtown Festival and Tour

Cityscape

[12] On March 14, 2008, at approximately 9:40 PM

The 1996 Olympic Games, along with the transformation of [11]

Business growth in the 1970s resulted in significant development in Downtown Atlanta, most notably in Peachtree Center and the Hotel District. However, economic development in these areas shifted the commercial center of the city to an area along Peachtree Street that was north of Five Points, despite the construction of the MARTA central station there in 1975.[8] By the mid-1980s, Peachtree Center had become the core of a dedicated hotel-convention district that lay at the heart of the Downtown economy, even as the remainder of Downtown Atlanta deteriorated markedly.[9] The closure of Underground Atlanta in 1979 due to an increase in crime contributed to perceptions that Downtown was dangerous, and the 1980s saw a significant decline in population. By 1990, Five Points was a "vacant shell of its former self," while Downtown as a whole was largely an "archepelagic assemblage of fortified enclaves inhabited in the daylight hours by government office workers, conventioners, and college students, and in the night by a substantial population of homeless persons."[10]

Downtown commuters waiting for a bus in the 1970s

Professional sports came to Atlanta in 1965 with the construction of Philips Arena.[5]

Atlanta's first resurgence began during Milledgeville. By the 1920s, a downtown business sector ringed by residential districts had emerged.[5]

Peachtree Street, 1882

By the outbreak of the Civil War, Atlanta was a major railroad hub and manufacturing center, making it a target for the Union Army. In 1864, General William T. Sherman burned Atlanta to the ground during his "March to the Sea," making Atlanta the only major American city to ever be destroyed by war.[5][7]

By 1845, [5] In 1847, Atlanta was incorporated, with the town limits extending in a one-mile (1.6 km) radius from the mile marker at the railroad depot.[6]

[4] Terminus received a name change in 1842 when the town's 30 inhabitants voted to change the town's name to Marthasville, in honor of Governor Lumpkin's daughter.[3] The history of downtown began in 1826 with

Downtown Atlanta, 1889

History

The Atlanta Downtown Improvement District (ADID) organization, though, defines a much smaller downtown area measuring just one and two tenths square miles. This area is roughly bound by North Avenue to the north, Piedmont Avenue and the Downtown Connector to the east, Martin Luther King Junior Drive, Courtland Street, and Edgewood Avenue to the south, and the railroad tracks to the west. This area only includes the core central business district neighborhoods of Fairlie-Poplar, Five Points, the Hotel District, Centennial Hill, and South Downtown.

Downtown is bound by North Avenue to the north, Boulevard to the east, Interstate 20 to the south, and Northside Drive to the west. This definition of Downtown Atlanta includes central areas like Five Points, the Hotel District and Fairlie-Poplar and outlying inner city neighborhoods such as SoNo and Castleberry Hill.

Geography

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • History 2
  • Cityscape 3
    • Neighborhoods 3.1
  • Economy 4
    • Governmental facilities 4.1
    • Venues and convention centers 4.2
    • Retail 4.3
    • Diplomatic missions 4.4
  • Parks 5
  • Attractions 6
  • Education 7
  • Transportation 8
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

Similar to other central business districts in the U.S., Downtown has recently undergone a transformation that included the construction of new condos and lofts, renovation of historic buildings, and arrival of new residents and businesses. [1]

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