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Dravograd

Dravograd
Dravograd is located in Slovenia
Dravograd
Location in Slovenia
Coordinates:
Country Slovenia
Traditional region Carinthia and Styria
Statistical region Carinthia
Municipality Dravograd
Area
 • Total 2.40 km2 (0.93 sq mi)
Elevation 390.4 m (1,280.8 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 3,330
[1]

Dravograd (pronounced ; German: Unterdrauburg) is a small town in northern Slovenia, close to the border with Austria. It is the seat of the Municipality of Dravograd. It lies on the Drava River at the confluence with the Meža and the Mislinja. It is part of the traditional Slovenian provinces of Carinthia[2] and Styria, and the larger Carinthia Statistical Region.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Sights 2
  • Transportation 3
  • Other data 4
  • Notable people 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

From 976 onwards the Dravograd area was part of the Duchy of Carinthia. The German name Unterdrauburg denoted the place where the Drava River left Carinthia and flowed into the neighbouring Duchy of Styria. It corresponded with Oberdrauburg up the river at Carinthia's western border with the County of Tyrol. The name Dravograd was invented during the Slovene national revival in the 19th century. Previously, the local Slovene name of the town was Traberk, a derivative of the German name Drauburg. The 19th century was a period of national awakening of the Carinthian Slovenes, and also of the rise of competing nationalisms: Slovene and German.

After the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy in 1918, the whole area south of Dravograd was occupied by the Slovene volunteer forces of Major Franjo Malgaj, acting in the name of the newly established State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs. The town of Dravograd itself however remained in the hands of the volunteers acting in the name of the German-Austrian rump state. In mid-December 1918, Dravograd was seized by the volunteer forces of Slovene General Rudolf Maister. According to the 1919 Treaty of Saint Germain, Dravograd became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (the later Yugoslavia).

In the left-wing orientation.

In April 1941, after the Yugoslav Partisans resistance movement started taking roots in the Dravograd area, which grew stronger by 1944, despite the brutal repressions of the Nazi authorities. Upon the German Instrument of Surrender and the nearby Battle of Poljana on 14/15 May 1945, the whole area was controlled by the Partisans.

In the communist period, the Dravograd area further developed its industrial capacities. During the Ten Day War of Slovenian independence in June and July 1991, some fighting took place in the Dravograd area.

Sights

The parish church in the settlement is dedicated to Saint John the Evangelist and belongs to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Maribor. It was first mentioned in written documents dating to the late 14th century. It was rebuilt in 1520 and in 1621. The current church is Baroque with a characteristic onion dome on its belfry.[3] A second church in the town is dedicated to Saint Vitus and is a late 12th-century Romanesque building.[4]

Transportation

The Dravograd railway station is on the Drautalbahn railway line from Maribor to Innichen (San Candido) in Italy, opened in 1863. Highway No. 3 leading from Maribor to the Austrian border runs through the town, where highway No. 10-10 to Celje branches off.

Other data

Notable people

Notable people that were born or lived in Dravograd include:

References

  1. ^ Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
  2. ^ Dravograd municipal site
  3. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number 2956
  4. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number 126

External links

  • Dravograd on Geopedia
  • Dravograd municipal site
  • Dravograd Tourist Board
  • Dravograd hydroelectric power station
  • UL-Aero klub Aviofun Koroška
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