New Pendolino
ETR 600 (Trenitalia)
ETR 610 (Trenitalia/SBB)
Avant S-114 (Renfe)
ED250 (PKP)
ETR 600
Manufacturer Alstom
Entered service 2008
Formation 7 cars, 4 motors and 3 trailers
Capacity 430 + 2 wheel chairs
Train length 187.4 m (615 ft)
Car length 26.2 metres (85 ft 11 in) (total length 28.2 metres or 92 feet 6 inches)
Width 2.83 m (9 ft 3 in)
Maximum speed 250 km/h (155 mph)
Weight 387 t (381 long tons; 427 short tons)
421 t (414 long tons; 464 short tons) (loaded)
Axle load 16.5 t (16.2 long tons; 18.2 short tons) (with passengers)
Power output 5,500 kW (7,400 hp)
Electric system(s) 3 kV DC – 25 kV AC (ETR 600)
3 kV DC – 25 kV AC – 15 kV (16.7 Hz) AC (ETR 610)
Track gauge

The New Pendolino is a class of high-speed tilting trains built by Alstom Ferroviaria for Trenitalia, Swiss Federal Railways (SBB), Renfe, and PKP, known as the ETR 600, ETR 610, Avant S-114 and ED250 respectively. They represent a further development of the earlier Pendolino models in order to better respond to the requirements expressed by the market and the customers of Trenitalia and Cisalpino.


The ETR 610 (also known as the Cisalpino Due) primarily differs from the ETR 600 in the sense that the ETR 610 supports the voltage and signalling systems used in Switzerland and Germany. This includes the need for much heavier on-board traction power transformers necessary as a result of the lower traction power frequency of 16.7 Hz used in Switzerland and Germany in comparison with those required for the 25 kV 50 Hz AC traction power supplies. The innovative features concern the interior and exterior design, now closer to the customers’ brand strategy and an improved comfort and services for passengers. Moreover, some important technical characteristics have been increased, such as the power of the traction unit and the level of redundancy of components and equipment, in order to improve reliability. The new trains will be produced in full accordance with the new regulations governing interoperability (for example, passive security in case of impact).

The name, Pendolino, is used to identify a family of high-speed, tilting-technology trains, produced in Italy. These trains owe their name (pendolino can mean 'small pendulum' in Italian) to the mechanism enabling them to tilt when going round a bend. The maximum tilt of 8 degrees allows the trains to reach a speed that is up to 35% higher than for conventional trains, whilst assuring the greatest safety and comfort for passengers. Developed by Alstom Ferroviaria, which inherited tilting technology (including that of the British Advanced Passenger Train) after its acquisition of former producer Fiat Ferroviaria, they are built at Alstom’s Savigliano plants, in Piedmont, as well as in Sesto San Giovanni near Milan (which will supply the traction converters).

The Pendolino first began service in Italy in 1988, with model ETR 450, followed by ETR 460, ETR 470 and ETR 480.

Technical characteristics

The trains have the following characteristics:

  • Seven cars, 4 motors and 3 trailers
  • Gauge:
  • Voltage:
    • ETR 600 (Trenitalia): 3 kV DC – 25 kV AC
    • ETR 610 (Swiss Federal Railways): 3 kV DC – 25 kV AC – 15 kV (16.7 Hz) AC
  • Length of coach: 26.2 metres (85 ft 11 in) (total length 28.2 metres or 92 feet 6 inches)
  • Total length: 187.4 m (615 ft)
  • Width: 2.83 m (9 ft 3 in)
  • Maximum load per axle: 16.5 t (16.2 long tons; 18.2 short tons) (with passengers)
  • Weight: 387 t (381 long tons; 427 short tons)
  • Total weight under normal load (with seated passengers): 421 t (414 long tons; 464 short tons)
  • Maximum speed: 250 km/h (155 mph)
  • Total installed power: 5,500 kW (7,400 hp)
  • Seating: 430 +2 for wheel chair users
  • Tilting actuating system: electro-hydraulic
  • HVAC system with built-in redundancy

The new Pendolino will be fitted with the European Train Control System (ETCS) Level 2 signalling system and also SCMT, while the trains produced for the Swiss Federal Railway (ETR 610) will have ETCS, SCMT, ZUB, LZB and Integra-Signum systems.

See also


External links

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  • Alstom website
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