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EU Navfor Med

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Title: EU Navfor Med  
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EU Navfor Med

EUNAVFOR Med - Operation Sophia
Part of European migrant crisis
Date 22 June 2015 – ongoing
(11 months, 4 weeks and 1 day)
Location Mediterranean Sea

 European Union

Commanders and leaders

Rear Admiral Enrico Credendino
Operation Commander EU Naval Force

Rear Admiral Andrea Gueglio
Force Commander EU Naval Force
Mission flagship Cavour and 8 others.
7 Aircraft[2]

As a consequence of the April 2015 Libya migrant shipwrecks, the EU launched a military operation known as European Union Naval Force Mediterranean (EUNAVFOR Med), also known as Operation Sophia, with the aim of neutralising established refugee smuggling routes in the Mediterranean. The operational headquarters is located in Rome.


  • Operation 1
  • Assets 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


Photo of an italian aircraft carrier anchored near a shore
Mission flagship of the Italian Navy, Cavour

The aim of this new operation launched by Europe is to undertake systematic efforts to identify, capture and dispose of vessels as well as enabling assets used or suspected of being used by migrant smugglers or traffickers. The Juncker Commission, in particular the HR Federica Mogherini, views this operation as a fundamental contribution to fighting instability in the region and as a way to reduce the loss of lives at sea and increase the security of European citizens.

This operation follows the successful Italian search and rescue Operation Mare Nostrum and the Frontex's border control Operation Triton. EUNAVFOR Med consists of three phases:

  • The first phase focuses on surveillance and assessment of human smuggling and trafficking networks in the Mediterranean.
  • The second stage of the operation provides for the search and, if necessary, diversion of suspicious vessels.
  • The third phase would allow the disposal of vessels and related assets, preferably before use, and to apprehend traffickers and smugglers.

There is a common budget of EURO 11.82 million for a 12 months period. In addition, military assets and personnel are provided by the contributing states with the running costs and personnel costs being met on a national basis.


A number of assets have been deployed:[3]

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ "Background". European Union - External Action. Retrieved 26 October 2015. 

External links

  • EU agrees on Naval intervention
  • Factsheet EU navfor med
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