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East Flanders

East Flanders
Dutch: Oost-Vlaanderen
Province of Belgium
Flag of East Flanders
Flag
Coat of arms of East Flanders
Coat of arms
Location of East Flanders
Coordinates:
Country  Belgium
Region  Flemish Region
Capital Ghent
Government
 • Governor Jan Briers
Area
 • Total 2,991 km2 (1,155 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 1,454,716
 • Density 490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Website .be.oost-vlaanderenwww

East Flanders (Dutch: Oost-Vlaanderen ,[2] French: (Province de) Flandre-Orientale, German: Ostflandern) is a province of Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium. It borders (clockwise from the North) on Zeelandic Flanders (the Netherlands) and (in Belgium) on the provinces of Antwerp, Flemish Brabant (both in Flanders), of Hainaut (Wallonia) and of West Flanders (Flanders). It has an area of 2,991 km² which is divided into six administrative districts (arrondissementen in Dutch) containing 65 municipalities. The provincial population is 1,408,484 and the capital is Ghent.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Subdivisions 2.1
  • Demographics 3
  • Government 4
    • Governors 4.1
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

During the short-lived Napoleonic Empire, most of the area of the modern province was part of the Department of Escaut, named after the River Scheldt. Following the defeat of Napoleon, the entity was renamed after its geographical location in the eastern part of historic Flanders; although the province is actually situated in the western portion of Flanders, in the contemporary sense of the word.

The provincial flag has a black lion with red tongue and claws, on a background of horizontal white and green stripes. This is a recent adaptation; formerly, East Flanders used the Flemish flag, a black lion on a yellow background, as in the current coat of arms. The old flag is still publicly used, e.g. for road signs.

Geography

The province has several geographic and/or tourist regions:

Important rivers are the Scheldt and the Leie which merge in Ghent. The Dender merges into the Scheldt in the city of Dendermonde.

Subdivisions

East Flanders is divided into 6 administrative arrondissements (districts), subdivided into a total of 65 municipalities. In addition, there are 3 judicial and 3 electoral arrondissements.

District Ghent District: Oudenaarde District: Eeklo District: Aalst District: Dendermonde District: Sint-Niklaas District:
Location

HASC
NUTS
INS
Population
Area

BE.OV.GT
BE234
44
512,407
944 km²

BE.OV.OD
BE235
45
117,125
419 km²

BE.OV.EK
BE233
43
80,574
334 km²

BE.OV.AL
BE231
41
267,274
469 km²

BE.OV.DM
BE232
42
189,638
343 km²

BE.OV.SN
BE236
46
231,262
475 km²

Municipalities

Demographics

The province had a population of 1,445,831 as of 1 January 2011. It had 734,000 inhabitants in 1380 and about a million in 1900.

The capital and biggest city is Ghent, also the second largest city in the Flemish Region. Other smaller cities are Aalst, Sint-Niklaas and Dendermonde in the east of the province.

Government

The Gravensteen in Ghent, the provincial capital

The provincial council (provincieraad) consists of 72 members which were last elected in the 2012 elections. Previously it consisted of 84 members. The council currently consists of the following political parties:

  • N-VA (Flemish nationalists): 21 members
  • CD&V (Christian democrats): 15 members
  • Open VLD (liberals): 15 members
  • sp.a (social democrats): 9 members
  • Vlaams Belang (far-right nationalists): 6 members
  • Groen (greens): 6 members

Six people chosen by and from the council form the daily government, called the deputation (deputatie). The deputation of East Flanders is a coalition of the political parties CD&V, Open Vld and sp.a. The biggest party in the council, N-VA, is not included.

The daily government is led by the governor, who is appointed by the Flemish Government. André Denys (VLD) has been the governor of East Flanders from 26 November 2004 until 21 January 2013.[3] Jan Briers, who is not member of a political party but was nominated by N-VA, succeeded him on 1 February 2013.

The province has a yearly budget of approximately 300 million euro.

Governors

Timeline:

References

  1. ^ Population per municipality on 1 January 2013 (XLS; 607.5 KB)
  2. ^ Every word in isolation: .
  3. ^ "The governor, province East Flanders". Retrieved 2006-03-14. 

External links

  • (Dutch) Official Website
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