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Ecologist Green Party of Mexico

Ecological Green Party of Mexico
Leader [1]
Founded May 14, 1993 (1993-05-14)
Ideology Green politics[2]
Green conservatism
Political position Centre-right[3]
National affiliation Alliance for Mexico
International affiliation Global Greens
Continental affiliation Federation of the Green Parties of the Americas
Colours Green and Blue
Seats in the Chamber of Deputies
47 / 500
Seats in the Senate
9 / 128
Governorships
1 / 32
Website
http://www.partidoverde.org.mx/
Politics of Mexico
Political parties
Elections

The Ecological Green Party of Mexico (Spanish: Partido Verde Ecologista de México, PVEM or PVE) is one of the six political parties to have representation in the Mexican Congress. The party's congressional strength currently stands at 34 deputies (out of 500) and nine senators (out of 128).[4]

Contents

  • History 1
    • 2000 elections 1.1
    • 2003 elections 1.2
    • 2006 elections 1.3
  • Controversies 2
    • Pro-death penalty campaign 2.1
    • Anti-LGBT rights stand 2.2
    • Accusations of corruption and nepotism 2.3
  • Electoral history 3
    • Presidential elections 3.1
    • Congressional elections 3.2
      • Chamber of Deputies 3.2.1
      • Senate elections 3.2.2
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

2000 elections

In the general election of 2000, it allied itself with the National Action Party (PAN) to create the (Alianza por el Cambio) or Alliance for Change. It was this PAN/PVEM alliance that helped Vicente Fox Quesada win the presidential election. In the senatorial elections of the same date, the party won 5/128 seats in the Senate of Mexico as part of the Alliance for Change.

2003 elections

The alliance broke down one year into Fox's administration and, in the July 2003 mid-term elections and various other local elections held since 2000 (in particular, the governatorial races in the important states of México and Nuevo León), the PVEM has allied itself more frequently with the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). In this alliance it won at the last legislative elections, 17 out of 500 seats in the Chamber of Deputies.

Over the same period the party's support has dwindled amidst accusations of corruption, nepotism, and breaches of Mexican electoral law. Since securing its registration as a political party on 9 February 1991, it has been run by a single family: its first president was senator and nicknamed El Niño Verde, or "The Green Boy"). On 3 September 2003 Mexico's top electoral court ruled that its statutes were in violation of the Constitution in that they allowed a restricted inner circle of members to select all the party's candidates and officials. Shortly after, on 10 October 2003, the Federal Electoral Institute imposed a multi-million dollar fine on the PVEM for campaign finance offenses during the 2000 presidential race.

A further scandal (one of the so-called "bribe in the amount of US$2 million. According to the video, the funds were being made available by two foulmouthed businessmen in exchange for his assistance in facilitating land use permits for a real estate development near the Caribbean resort of Cancún. (The municipality of Benito Juárez, in which Cancún is located, is currently governed by a PVEM mayor.)

2006 elections

On November 12, 2005, the PVEM formally nominated Bernardo de la Garza as its candidate to the 2006 presidential election, though he resigned on December 5 when the PVEM allied with the PRI. Both parties nominated Roberto Madrazo as their candidate. In the 2006 legislative elections, the party won 17/500 seats in the Chamber of Deputies & 4/128 in the Senators.

  PRI
  PAN
  PRD
  Convergence
  PVEM
State governments by party (2013)

Controversies

Pro-death penalty campaign

In 2008, the PVEM initiated an advertising campaign in favor of reintroducing the death penalty in Mexico.[5] This led to the European Green Party's withdrawal of recognition of the PVEM as a legitimate green party.[6]

Anti-LGBT rights stand

During an interview, PVE candidate Gamaliel Ramirez verbally attacked an openly gay candidate for Guadalajara mayor & called for criminal laws against homosexuality to be established. In the following days, Ramirez issued a written apology after the party expressed disappointment at his remarks.[7]

While the party has pledged to support LGBT rights issues, 3 representatives abstained from a vote on Mexico City granting legal recognition to same-sex couples.

Accusations of corruption and nepotism

As part of the Mexican Carlos Ahumada, the businessman interested in the project. The three met in the PVEM headquarters. Later both sides claimed they weren't serious about the bribe, but were testing each other.

The PVEM is also widely criticized because its current leader,

  • Official website
  • Death penalty debate grows in Mexico
  • Mexico to rethink death penalty

External links


  1. ^ http://www.elsiglodetorreon.com.mx/noticia/54521.html
  2. ^ Haynes, Jeffrey (2005), Comparative Politics in a Globalizing World, Polity, p. 177 
  3. ^ Mexico Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic, ABC-CLIO, 2012, p. 509 
  4. ^ Seelke, Claire. "Mexico’s 2012 Elections" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  5. ^ "La Plaza". Los Angeles Times. 10 December 2008. 
  6. ^ Tim Johnson, For Mexico's Ecologist Green Party, 'green' mostly means money, not environment, McClatchy Newspapers (June 18, 2012).
  7. ^ Guadalajara Reporter (May 16, 2009). "Green Party rival crossed the line, says gay candidate". Retrieved November 27, 2009. 
  8. ^ Thompson, Barnard. "Corruption inferences and the Green Party of Mexico". MexiData.info. Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  9. ^ http://mexico.cnn.com/nacional/2011/03/02/la-ley-simi-y-las-farmaceuticas

References

Election year Constituency PR # of seats Position Presidency Note
votes % votes %
1994 438,941 1.3
0 / 128
Minority Ernesto Zedillo
1997 1,180,04 4.0
1 / 128
Minority Ernesto Zedillo
2000 see: National Action Party
5 / 128
Minority Vicente Fox Coalition: Alliance for Change
2006 see: Institutional Revolutionary Party
6 / 128
Minority Felipe Calderón Coalition: Alliance for Mexico
2012 867,056 1.9 2,881,923 6.1
9 / 128
Minority Enrique Peña Nieto Coalition: Committed to Mexico

Senate elections

Election year Constituency PR # of seats Position Presidency Note
votes % votes %
1994 470,951 1.4 479,594 1.4
00 / 500
Minority Ernesto Zedillo
1997 1,105,688 3.8 1,116,137 3.8
08 / 500
Minority Ernesto Zedillo
2000 see: National Action Party
17 / 500
Minority Vicente Fox Coalition: Alliance for Change
2003 1,063,741 4.1 1,068,721 4.1
17 / 500
Minority Vicente Fox
2006 see: Institutional Revolutionary Party
19 / 500
Minority Felipe Calderón Coalition: Alliance for Mexico
2009 2,318,138 6.7 2,326,016 6.7
21 / 500
Minority Felipe Calderón
2012 706,695 1.53 2,963,718 6.08
34 / 500
Minority Enrique Peña Nieto Coalition: Committed to Mexico
2015 2,758,152 6.92
47 / 500
Minority Enrique Peña Nieto Coalition: PRI PVEM

Chamber of Deputies

Congressional elections

Election year Candidate # votes % vote Result Note
1994 Jorge González Torres 327,313 0.93 N Defeated
2000 support PAN Candidate; Coalition: Alliance for Change
2006 support PRI Candidate; Coalition: Alliance for Mexico
2012 support PRI Candidate; Coalition: Committed to Mexico

Presidential elections

Electoral history

[9] drugstore franchise and González Martínez's uncle.Farmacias Similares, owner of the Víctor González Torres and for supporting the political and business agenda of Mexican businessman [8]

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