World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Edvard Hambro

Article Id: WHEBN0004490927
Reproduction Date:

Title: Edvard Hambro  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: International Law Commission officials, United Nations Security Council election, 1970, Ismat T. Kittani, Stoyan Ganev, Paul J. F. Lusaka
Collection: 1911 Births, 1977 Deaths, 20Th-Century Norwegian Writers, Ambassadors of Norway to France, Bergen Politicians, Commanders Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose of Finland, Commanders with Star of the Order of St. Olav, Conservative Party (Norway) Politicians, International Law Commission Officials, Members of the Institut De Droit International, Members of the Parliament of Norway, Members of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, Norwegian Army Personnel of World War II, Norwegian Civil Servants, Norwegian Expatriates in France, Norwegian Expatriates in Switzerland, Norwegian Expatriates in the Netherlands, Norwegian Expatriates in the United Kingdom, Norwegian Expatriates in the United States, Norwegian Legal Scholars, Norwegian Magazine Editors, Norwegian People of Danish-Jewish Descent, Norwegian School of Economics Faculty, Permanent Representatives of Norway to the United Nations, Presidents of the United Nations General Assembly, Recipients of the Order of Ouissam Alaouite, Recipients of the Order of the Yugoslav Star, University of Oslo Alumni
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Edvard Hambro

Edvard Isak Hambro (22 August 1911 – 1 February 1977) was a Norwegian legal scholar, diplomat and politician for the Conservative Party. He was the 25th President of the United Nations General Assembly (1970–1971).

Contents

  • Personal life 1
  • Early career and World War II 2
  • Professorship, Parliament and United Nations 3
  • References 4

Personal life

Hambro was born in Kristiania as a son of the politician C. J. Hambro (1885–1964) and his wife Gudrun Grieg (1881–1943).[1] On the paternal side he was a grandson of Edvard Isak Hambro and Nico Hambro (née Harbitz). He was also a nephew of Elise Hambro, a brother of Cato, Carl Joachim and Johan Hambro, and from 1946 a stepson of Gyda Christensen.[2] In 1940 he married Elisabeth Raverat, daughter of the French artist Jacques Raverat and his English wife, the artist Gwen Darwin,[1] a granddaughter of Charles Darwin. They had the following children Anne (born 1941), Carl Joachim (born 1944), Christian (born 1946) and Linda Hambro (born 1948). Elisabeth died in 2014.

Early career and World War II

He finished his secondary educationin 1929, enrolled in law studies at the Royal Frederick University and graduated with the cand.jur. degree in 1934.[1] In 1931 he chaired the Conservative Students' Association.[3] In 1936 he took the docteur ès sciences politiques degree in Geneva[4] with the thesis L'Éxécution des sentences internationales. With a Rockefeller grant he studied abroad before being hired as international director at the Chr. Michelsen Institute in 1938.[1]

In 1940 Norway was attacked by Germany. During the subsequent fighting Hambro was a liaison officer for British forces in Western Norway, but later in the same year he fled via London to the United States.[1] He was a guest scholar at the Northwestern University from 1941, and secretary-general in Norse Federation and editor of their magazine Nordmanns-Forbundets Tidsskrift from 1941 to 1943. He then returned to London to work in the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs-in-exile until the war's end. He was decorated with the Defence Medal 1940–1945.[3]

Professorship, Parliament and United Nations

After the war Hambro specialized in international organizational work. He was a Norwegian delegate to the San Francisco Conference in 1945, and led the United Nations judicial office until 1946. In 1946 he issued the Charter of the United Nations. Commentary and documents together with Leland Goodrich. From 1946 to 1953 he was a secretary at the International Court of Justice in the Hague.[1]

He was then a research fellow at the Norwegian School of Economics from 1953, visiting scholar at the University of California in 1958 and professor of jurisprudence at the Norwegian School of Economics from 1959 to 1966. Academic publications in the Norwegian language include Norsk fremmedrett (1950), Folkerettspleie (1956), Jurisdiksjonsvalg og lovvalg i norsk internasjonal kontraktsrett (1957) and Arbeidsrett (1961). He also wrote volumes II, III (spanning two books) and IV (spanning two books) in the series The Case Law of the International Court of Justice together with Arthur W. Rovine.[1][3][4]

He was also elected to the Parliament of Norway from Bergen in 1961, and was re-elected in 1965. He served his first term in the Standing Committee on Justice, and then entered the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs.[1]

In 1966, however, he aborted his political career to become the Norwegian permanent representative to the France.[1][5] He also served on the United Nations International Law Commission from 1972.[3] He died in 1977.[1]

Hambro was also a board member of the Institute for Comparative Research in Human Culture and the Nansen Foundation, and from 1960 to 1966 vice president of the Norwegian Red Cross.[3]

He chaired the appeals board of the Permanent Conciliation Commission for the Federal Republic of Germany and the Netherlands, and was a member of the Institute of International Law, the Permanent Court of Arbitration, and the Franco-German Arbitral Tribunal for the Saarland.[5]

He received honorary degrees at Brandeis University, Columbia University, Luther College, Seton Hall University, University of Toronto, Wagner College and Yale University. He was decorated as a Commander with Star of the Order of St. Olav (1970), and received the Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose of Finland, the Order of the Yugoslav Star and the Order of Ouissam Alaouite.[3]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Svennevig, Tormod Petter. "Edvard Hambro". In  
  2. ^ "Hambro".  
  3. ^ a b c d e f Steenstrup, Bjørn, ed. (1973). "Hambro, Edvard Isak".  
  4. ^ a b "Edvard Hambro".  
  5. ^ a b "Edvard Hambro – 25th Session".  
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Sivert A. Nielsen
Permanent Representative of Norway to the United Nations
1966–1971
Succeeded by
Ole Ålgård
Preceded by
Angie Elisabeth Brooks
President of the United Nations General Assembly
1970–1971
Succeeded by
Adam Malik
Preceded by
Jahn Brochmann Halvorsen
Norwegian ambassador to France
1976–1977
Succeeded by
Hersleb Vogt
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.