World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Elaeis oleifera

American oil palm
American Oil Palm (Elaeis oleifera)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Arecoideae
Tribe: Cocoeae
Genus: Elaeis
Species: E. oleifera
Binomial name
Elaeis oleifera
(Kunth) Cortés
  • Corozo oleifera (Kunth) L.H.Bailey
  • Elaeis melanococca Mart. nom. illeg.
  • Elaeis melanococca auct., non Gaertn.
  • Elaeis oleifera (Kunth) Cortés ex Prain
  • Elaeis oleifera (Kunth) Cortés ex Wess. Boer

Elaeis oleifera is a species of palm commonly called the American oil palm.It is native to South and Central America from Honduras to northern Brazil.[2][3][4][5]

Unlike its relative Elaeis guineensis, the African oil palm, it is rarely planted commercially to produce palm oil, but hybrids between the two species are,[6] mainly in efforts to provide disease resistance and to increase the proportion of unsaturated fatty acids in the oil.[7]


  1. ^ "The Plant List". 
  2. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy". 
  3. ^ Bailey, Liberty Hyde. 1933. Gentes Herbarum; Occasional Papers on the Kinds of Plants 3(2): 59, f. 32, 35–40, Corozo oleifera
  4. ^ Cortés, Santiago. 1897. Flora de Colombia : comprende la geografia botanica de Colombia, las leguminosas, la flora terapiutica, 1: 203, Elaeis oleifera
  5. ^ Alfonsia oleiferaKunth, Karl Sigismund. 1816. Nova Genera et Species Plantarum (quarto ed.) 1: 307,
  6. ^ hybrids at "La Arenosa" Estate in Colombia"E. guineensis X Elaeis oleifera"Replanting diseased oil palm areas with . Oil Palm News 18: 1–8. 1974. 
  7. ^ "Variation in the total of unsaturated fatty acids in oils extracted from different oil palm germplasms, Carmen E. Chávez and Francisco Sterling, ASD Oil Palm Papers, Volume 3 p. 5-8, 1991". 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.