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Eleanor of Sicily

Eleanor of Sicily
Queen consort of Aragon
Tenure 1349–1375
Spouse Peter IV of Aragon
Issue
John I of Aragon
Martin of Aragon
Eleanor, Queen of Castile
House House of Aragon
Father Peter II of Sicily
Mother Elisabeth of Carinthia
Born 1325
Sicily
Died 1375 (aged 49–50)
Lleida, Spain
Religion Roman Catholic

Eleanor of Sicily (1325–1375) was Queen Consort of Aragon (1349–1375). She was the daughter of Peter II of Sicily and Elisabeth of Carinthia. She was the third wife of Peter IV of Aragon.

Early life and family

Eleanor was the second of eight children, all of them living to adulthood apart from a brother and sister, John and Violante. Eleanor's siblings included: Frederick III the Simple, Euphemia, Constance (both regents of Sicily), Beatrice, wife of Rupert II, Elector Palatine, Louis of Sicily and Blanche, Countess of Ampurias.

Eleanor's paternal grandparents were Frederick III of Sicily and Eleanor of Anjou, daughter of Charles II of Naples and Maria of Hungary. Eleanor's maternal grandparents were Otto III of Carinthia and his wife Euphemia of Legnica, daughter of Henry V, Duke of Legnica and Elisabeth of Kalisz.

Marriage

Eleanor married in Valencia on 27 August 1349 to Peter IV of Aragon, on the condition that he renounce all rights to any Sicilian Crown. He was twice-widowed, had two surviving daughters: Constance and Joanna but no surviving sons.

Eleanor became a powerful influence at the Aragonese court, replacing Bernardo de Cabrera as Peter's chief adviser.[1]

Eleanor's brother Frederick III the Simple, married Constance of Aragon (Eleanor's stepdaughter). Frederick and Constance had a daughter, Maria of Sicily but no sons. Then in 1357 Frederick tried to give Eleanor the rights to the succession of Sicily and the rights of the duchies of Athens and Neopatria in return for military help from her husband in Sicily, a proposal which was refused.[2]

Eleanor and Peter had four children:

In 1373 Eleanor's eldest son John married Martha of Armagnac, a calm and conciliatory woman. Eleanor treated Martha as her own daughter.[3]

Upon a royal stay at her home in Empordà, Eleanor made Sibila of Fortia her lady-in-waiting. This led to an eventful future for the girl.

In Lérida on 20 April 1375, Eleanor died leaving her husband a widower and her three surviving children. Her husband remarried to Sibila, a girl that was over thirty years his junior. Most of the family, including Eleanor's children, came into conflict with Sibila.[4]

Ancestry

References

Preceded by
Eleanor of Portugal
Queen consort of Aragon
1349–1375
Succeeded by
Sibila of Fortia
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