World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Elk Lake, Ontario

James
Township
James
James

Coordinates: 47°43′N 80°20′W / 47.717°N 80.333°W / 47.717; -80.333Coordinates: 47°43′N 80°20′W / 47.717°N 80.333°W / 47.717; -80.333

Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
District Timiskaming
Incorporated 1909
Government
 • Reeve Terry Fiset
 • Federal riding Timmins—James Bay
 • Prov. riding Timmins—James Bay
Area
 • Total 86.19 km2 (33.28 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 424
 • Density 4.9/km2 (13/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal code P0J 1G0
Area code(s) 705
Website www.elklake.ca

James is a township in the Canadian province of Ontario, located within the Timiskaming District. The primary community within the township is Elk Lake, which is located at the junction of Highway 65 and Highway 560.

The township had a population of 424 in the Canada 2011 Census.[1]

Elk Lake Airport and Elk Lake Water Aerodrome are located here.

History


Elk Lake began as a mining boom town when native silver was discovered in James Township in 1906. Mining activity peaked between 1907 and 1913, when there were about thirty active mining properties in the area. The population at one point reached almost 10,000 people. By 1908 the town included six large hotels, many stores, warehouses, banks, lawyer's offices, a post office, a hospital and a Mining Recorder's Office. The town of Elk Lake was incorporated in 1909 as the Corporation of the Township of James. The Township's first Reeve was the famous athlete and prospector Jack Monroe.

Access to Elk Lake was initially only by motorboat via the Montreal River. By 1909 the road from Elk Lake to Charlton could be traversed by coach, although commercial steamers on the Montreal River continued to provide summer access from Latchford for most heavy equipment and freight. The steamboat era on the Montreal River lasted only a few years, ending when a branch of the Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway (now Ontario Northland Railway) was built into Elk Lake in 1913.

Commercial logging in the Temiskaming area dates back to the 1840s. In 1905, the Montreal River Pulp Concession, an area of 17,000 square miles (44,000 km2), was sold to J.R. Booth. From 1907 to 1923, Booth maintained a large pulpwood depot in Elk Lake. In the spring of 1930, Booth completed the last log drive on the Montreal River shortly after he sold his local interest to the E.B. Eddy Company.

The Indian Chute Generating Station was constructed on the Montreal River in 1923, 16 km (9.9 mi) north-west of Elk Lake.[2]

Today, Elk Lake's economy continues to be driven by a sustainable forest industry. The town also boasts a significant number of tourist camps and lodges offering excellent packages for the outdoor sports and nature enthusiasts.[3]

The Makobe River Provincial Park protects the Makobe River. This popular whitewater canoeing route flows into the Montreal River at Elk Lake.

Demographics

Population:[4]

  • Population in 2011: 424 (2006 to 2011 population change: 2.4%)
  • Population in 2006: 414
  • Population in 2001: 467
  • Population in 1996: 483
  • Population in 1991: 524

Private dwellings, excluding seasonal cottages: 194 (total: 253)

Mother tongue:[5]

  • English as first language: 49.4%
  • French as first language: 45.8%
  • English and French as first language: 2.4%
  • Other as first language: 2.4%

In popular culture

Canadian songwriter Hayden Desser recorded an album entitled Elk-Lake Serenade.

See also

References

External links

  • Township of James
  • Friends of Temagami
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.