World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Els Segadors

 

Els Segadors

Els Segadors
English: The Reapers
Senyera (flag of Catalonia)

National anthem of  Catalonia (Spain)
Lyrics Emili Guanyavents, 1899
Music Francesc Alió, 1892
Adopted 1993

Els Segadors (Eastern Catalan: , Western Catalan: ; "The Reapers") is the official national anthem of Catalonia (nationality and autonomous community of Spain).

Contents

  • History 1
  • Lyrics 2
  • Recordings 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

Portrait of Francesc Alió i Brea

Though the original song dates in the oral tradition to 1640, its modern lyrics were written by Emili Guanyavents, who won a competition in 1899. The music was standardized by Francesc Alió in 1892.[1] The song is based on the events of 1640 known as Corpus de Sang during the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648) between Spain, England, France and Austria, the event that started the Catalan Revolt or Guerra dels Segadors (Reapers' War)[1] where Catalans fought against the Count-Duke of Olivares, the chief minister of King Philip IV of Spain.

The Catalan government adopted "Els Segadors" as the national anthem of Catalonia in 1993.

Lyrics

Original version of Els Segadors,
by the Orfeó Català, c. 1900

Ancienne version d'Els Segadors, par l'Orfeó Català
Els Segadors (Catalan)
Catalunya triomfant,
tornarà a ser rica i plena.
Endarrera aquesta gent
tan ufana i tan superba.
Tornada:
Bon cop de falç!
Bon cop de falç, defensors de la terra!
Bon cop de falç!
Ara és hora, segadors.
Ara és hora d'estar alerta.
Per quan vingui un altre juny,
esmolem ben bé les eines.
Tornada
Que tremoli l'enemic,
en veient la nostra ensenya.
Com fem caure espigues d'or,
quan convé seguem cadenes.
Tornada
The Reapers (English translation)
Catalonia triumphant
shall again be rich and bountiful.
Drive away these people,[2]
Who are so conceited and so arrogant.
Chorus:
Strike with your sickle!
Strike with your sickle, defenders of the land!
Strike with your sickle!
Now is the time, reapers.
Now is the time to stand alert.
For when another June comes,[3]
Let us sharpen our tools well.
Chorus
May the enemy tremble,
upon seeing our symbol.
Just as we cut golden ears of wheat,
when the time calls we cut off chains.[4]
Chorus

Recordings

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Generalitat de Catalunya: National Symbols
  2. ^ "These people" the oppressors of the Catalan people, who back in that time invaded Catalonia
  3. ^ the Segadors Revolt which the song references took place in June.
  4. ^ The verb in the Catalan original—seguem—is from the same root as segadors; that is, they will cut the chains as they cut the crops.

External links

  • Generalitat de Catalunya: National Symbols (official page in English, with official version recordings in mp3 formats)
  • History of the anthem


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.