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Energy in Botswana

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Title: Energy in Botswana  
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Subject: Energy in Botswana, Energy in Africa, Energy in Brunei, Energy in Cape Verde, Energy in Burkina Faso
Collection: Energy in Botswana
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Energy in Botswana

Energy in Botswana is a growing industry with tremendous potential.

Botswana has significant reserves of coal,[1] estimated at over 200 billion tons. No petroleum reserves have been identified and all petroleum products are imported refined, mostly from South Africa. There is extensive woody biomass from 3 to 10t / hectare. Solar insolation is one of the highest levels in the world, but until recently there were no reports of significant use of solar energy. In September 2012 the first solar power generation plant in the country has been opened. Average wind speeds are too low make wind energy attractive.

Most electric power is generated thermally in installations run by the Botswana Power Corporation, a public enterprise established in 1970. Electric generating capacity consists of the 132 MW Morupole coal-fired plant. The 60 MW coal-fired plant at Selebi-Phikwe has been closed. Total capacity in 2002 stood at 132 MW. Production of electricity in that same year totaled 930 GWh. Fossil fuels were used exclusively. Consumption of electricity totaled 1.989 TWh. Coal production in 2002 consisted entirely of the bituminous type and totaled 992,000 tons. Coal is mined solely at Morupule Colliery by Debswana, mostly for the generation of electricity. The government is considering constructing a coal-fired power plant at the same coal field, which would be designed to export power to South Africa. Further coal-to-electricity power stations are under consideration [2]

Several companies are prospecting for oil, but none had been discovered as of 2002. However, Amoco (now BP) has studied the possibility of coalbed methane extraction.


  1. ^ Cornelius Tazviona Mzezewa. "National Energy Policy For Botswana – Final Draft". AECOM International Development. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
  2. ^ "Botswana Power Report Q3 2012". Business Monitor International. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
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