World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Energy in Monaco

Article Id: WHEBN0032345640
Reproduction Date:

Title: Energy in Monaco  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Energy in Monaco, LGBT history in Monaco, Energy in Europe, Energy in Lithuania, Energy in Luxembourg
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Energy in Monaco

Energy in Monaco describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Monaco. Energy policy of Monaco describes the politics of Monaco related to energy. Electricity sector in Monaco is the main article of electricity in Monaco.


IEA Key statistics do not list Monaco. List of countries by carbon dioxide emissions include emissions from Monaco in France.


Monaco depends on France for its electricity.[1]

Kyoto Protocol

In December 2007 Monaco had underlined but not ratified the Kyoto Protocol.[2] In 2008 Monaco was - 4% from its Kyoto Protocol emission targets.[3]

According to the National greenhouse gas inventory data for the period 1990–2006 UNFCCC 17 November 2008 page 16 the emissions change from 1990 to 2006 in Monaco was -13.1 % as following (Gg CO2 equivalent):

  • 1990: 108
  • 1995: 115
  • 2000: 120
  • 2005: 104
  • 2006: 94

Monaco declaration

The ocean scientists expressed their concern in Monaco 30.1.2009 about the global warming consequences in the seas. 150 leading scientists appealed to the decision makers in ”the Monaco declaration” to restrict the CO2 emissions. Today’s emissions could have dramatic consequences in the stocks of fish in a few decades, which would influence significantly both in the ocean biodiversity and also millions of peoples food supply.[4]

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ Australia ratifioi Kioton sopimuksen 3.12.2007 YLE (Finnish)
  3. ^ Suomen kasvihuonekaasupäästöt 1990–2008, 3. korjattu painos Statistics Finland Katsauksia 2010/1, Ympäristö ja luonnonvarat page 47(Finnish)
  4. ^ Tutkijoiden hätähuuto: Ilmastonmuutos happamoittaa meret YLE 31.01.2009 (Finnish)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.