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Equality impact assessment

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Title: Equality impact assessment  
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Equality impact assessment

An equality impact assessment (EqIA) is a process designed to ensure that a policy, project or scheme does not discriminate against any disadvantaged or vulnerable people.


  • Definition 1
  • Examples of EqIA in the UK 2
  • Uncertain Future 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • Further reading 6
  • External links 7


The EqIA process aims to prevent discrimination against people who are categorised as being disadvantaged or vulnerable within society. These categories are called equality target groups (ETGs) and are currently designated by the Greater London Authority as:

  • women;
  • black, Asian and ethnic-minority people;
  • young people and children;
  • older people;
  • disabled people;
  • Lesbian people, gay people, bisexual people and transsexual people; and
  • people from different faith groups.

Previous EqIAs have included other categories of people such as people on low incomes and Gypsies and Irish Travellers.

Within the UK, EqIAs are still popular as a means of ensuring that the public-sector equality duty is met.

Examples of EqIA in the UK

London Low Emission Zone EqIA

Islington Sustainable Transport Strategy EqIA

Crossrail EqIA Milton Keynes Council's EqIA

Uncertain Future

On the 19th of November 2012, prime minister David Cameron announced that EqIAs would no longer be undertaken for government decisions.[1]

See also


  1. ^ BBC News. URL accessed 19 November 2012.

Further reading

Bainard, J., Jones, A., Bateman, I., Lovett, A. & Fallon, P. (2001) Modelling environmental equity: access to air quality in Birmingham, England Environment and Planning A 2002, volume 34, pages 695 – 716

Burningham, K. & Thrush, D. (2001) Local environmental concerns in disadvantaged neighbourhoods [1]

Capacity Global (2004) BME Communities Tackling Environmental and Social Inequalities [2]

Davies, A. and Binsted, A. (2007) Environmental Equity and Equality Impact Assessment in the United Kingdom (07-1568) - TRB Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers CD-ROM, TRB 86th Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., January 2007 [3]

Friends of the Earth (2000) Pollution injustice [4]

Friends of the Earth (2001) Pollution and Poverty – Breaking the Link [5]

Gay, R., Jeffery, B., and Saunders, P. (2005) Burden of disease: environmental inequalities [6]

Greater London Authority (2003) Equality Impact Assessments - How to do them [7]

Transport for London (2004) Equality Impact Assessments - How to do them [8]

Walker, G. Fairburn, J. Smith, G. and Mitchell, G. (2003) Environmental Quality and Social Deprivation [9]

External links

  • UK Equality Act 2006
  • UK Equality Bill 2009
  • IDEA EqIA guidance
  • TfL EqIA guidance

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