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Title: Euromir  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ulf Merbold, European Astronaut Corps, European Space Agency, European Retrievable Carrier, Mir
Collection: European Astronauts, European Space Agency, Mir
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Not to be confused with the theme park ride, Euro-Mir

Euromir was an international space programme in the 1990s. Between the Russian Federal Space Agency and the European Space Agency (ESA), it would bring European astronauts to the Mir space station.

Euromir was part of a drive in the early 1990s to recruit and train European astronauts for the then-planned International Space Station (ISS). Trips on the US Space Shuttle and the Russia Mir space station would give ESA astronauts experience in space (ESA's Columbus Precursor Flights programme) and help all parties learn to have experience in international cooperation.

ESA's 1992 intake of astronauts were trained up with two being sent to on Shuttle Missions. Four were selected for Mir and an agreement was signed to train them further at the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre. In 1993 a contract for two flights was signed with Ulf Merbold Thomas Reiter being the prime candidates for 1994 and 1995 respecitvly. Pedro Duque and Christer Fuglesang were chosen as backups. They were trained on Russian language and the systems of Soyuz and Mir.

Merbold and Reiter flew on EuroMir 94 (Soyuz TM-20) and EuroMir 95 (Soyuz TM-22) respectively. During Reiter's mission he performed a spacewalk.



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