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Expansion team

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Title: Expansion team  
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Expansion team

An expansion team is a brand new team in a sports league, usually from a city that has not hosted a team in that league before, and formed with the intention of satisfying the demand for a local team from a population in a new area. Sporting leagues also hope that expansion of their competition will grow the popularity of the sport generally. The term is most commonly used in reference to the North American franchise system of league membership. The term comes from the expansion of the sport into new areas. This sometimes results in the payment of an expansion fee to the league by the new team, and an expansion draft to populate the new roster.

Contents

  • Reason for expansion 1
  • A-League 2
    • 2007 2.1
    • 2009 2.2
    • 2010 2.3
    • 2012 2.4
  • Arena Football League 3
    • 2011 3.1
    • 2014 3.2
    • 2015 3.3
  • Australian Football League 4
    • 1908 4.1
    • 1925 4.2
    • 1987 4.3
    • 1991 4.4
    • 1995 4.5
    • 1997 4.6
    • 2011 4.7
    • 2012 4.8
  • Canadian Football League 5
    • 1993 5.1
    • 1994 5.2
    • 1995 5.3
    • 2002 5.4
    • 2014 5.5
  • Indian Premier League 6
    • 2011 6.1
  • Jim Beam Cup 7
    • 2008 7.1
  • Kontinental Hockey League 8
    • 2009 8.1
    • 2010 8.2
    • 2011 8.3
    • 2012 8.4
    • 2013 8.5
  • Major League Baseball 9
    • 1961 9.1
    • 1962 9.2
    • 1969 9.3
    • 1977 9.4
    • 1993 9.5
    • 1998 9.6
  • Major League Lacrosse 10
    • 2006 10.1
    • 2009 10.2
    • 2012 10.3
    • 2014 10.4
  • Major League Soccer 11
    • 1998 11.1
    • 2005 11.2
    • 2006 11.3
    • 2007 11.4
    • 2008 11.5
    • 2009 11.6
    • 2010 11.7
    • 2011 11.8
    • 2012 11.9
    • 2015 11.10
    • 2017 11.11
    • 2018 11.12
  • National Basketball Association 12
    • 1961 12.1
    • 1966 12.2
    • 1967 12.3
    • 1968 12.4
    • 1970 12.5
    • 1974 12.6
    • 1976 12.7
    • 1980 12.8
    • 1988 12.9
    • 1989 12.10
    • 1995 12.11
    • 2002 12.12
  • National Basketball League 13
    • 1980 13.1
    • 1981 13.2
    • 1982 13.3
    • 1983 13.4
    • 1984 13.5
    • 1988 13.6
    • 1990 13.7
    • 1992 13.8
    • 1993 13.9
    • 1998 13.10
    • 1999 13.11
    • 2004 13.12
    • 2006 13.13
    • 2007 13.14
  • National Football League 14
    • 1921 14.1
    • 1925 14.2
    • 1931 14.3
    • 1932 14.4
    • 1933 14.5
    • 1936 14.6
    • 1950 14.7
    • 1953 14.8
    • 1960 14.9
    • 1961 14.10
    • 1966 14.11
    • 1967 14.12
    • 1970 14.13
    • 1976 14.14
    • 1995 14.15
    • 1996 14.16
    • 2002 14.17
  • National Hockey League 15
    • 1909 15.1
    • 1917 15.2
    • 1924 15.3
    • 1925 15.4
    • 1926 15.5
    • 1967 15.6
    • 1970 15.7
    • 1972 15.8
    • 1974 15.9
    • 1979 15.10
    • 1991 15.11
    • 1992 15.12
    • 1993 15.13
    • 1998 15.14
    • 1999 15.15
    • 2000 15.16
  • National Lacrosse League 16
    • 1989 16.1
    • 1990 16.2
    • 1992 16.3
    • 1995 16.4
    • 1996 16.5
    • 1998 16.6
    • 2000 16.7
    • 2001 16.8
    • 2002 16.9
    • 2005 16.10
    • 2006 16.11
    • 2007 16.12
    • 2009 16.13
  • National Rugby League 17
    • 1910 17.1
    • 1920 17.2
    • 1921 17.3
    • 1935 17.4
    • 1947 17.5
    • 1967 17.6
    • 1982 17.7
    • 1988 17.8
    • 1995 17.9
    • 1998 17.10
    • 1999 17.11
    • 2007 17.12
  • National Women's Soccer League 18
    • 2014 18.1
    • 2016 18.2
  • New South Wales Cup 19
    • 2007 19.1
  • Northern Territory Football League 20
    • 2006 20.1
  • Ontario Hockey League 21
    • 1991 21.1
    • 1995 21.2
    • 1998 21.3
  • Philippine Basketball Association 22
    • 1978 22.1
    • 1979 22.2
    • 1980 22.3
    • 1983 22.4
    • 1984 22.5
    • 1985 22.6
    • 1986 22.7
    • 1988 22.8
    • 1990 22.9
    • 1993 22.10
    • 1999 22.11
    • 2000 22.12
    • 2002 22.13
    • 2006 22.14
    • 2014 22.15
  • Pro12 23
    • 2010 23.1
  • Quebec Major Junior Hockey League 24
    • 2005 24.1
    • 2012 24.2
  • Queensland Cup 25
    • 2008 25.1
  • Super League (Australia) 26
    • 1997 26.1
  • Super League 27
    • 1995 27.1
    • 2006 27.2
    • 2009 27.3
    • 2012 27.4
  • Super Rugby 28
    • 2006 28.1
    • 2011 28.2
    • 2016 28.3
  • United Football League (2009) 29
    • 2010 29.1
    • 2011 29.2
  • Victorian Football League 30
    • 1998 30.1
    • 2001 30.2
  • Vodacom Cup 31
    • 2010 31.1
  • VTB United League 32
    • 2010 32.1
  • West Australian Football League 33
    • 1997 33.1
  • Western Hockey League 34
    • 1991 34.1
    • 1992 34.2
    • 1995 34.3
    • 1996 34.4
    • 2001 34.5
    • 2003 34.6
    • 2006 34.7
    • 2007 34.8
  • Women's National Basketball Association 35
    • 1998 35.1
    • 1999 35.2
    • 2000 35.3
    • 2006 35.4
    • 2008 35.5
  • Women's National Basketball League 36
    • 1983 36.1
    • 1984 36.2
    • 1986 36.3
    • 1989 36.4
    • 1990 36.5
    • 1992 36.6
    • 2001 36.7
    • 2007 36.8
    • 2008 36.9
    • 2015 36.10
  • Women's Professional Soccer 37
    • 2010 37.1
    • 2011 37.2
  • References 38

Reason for expansion

In North America, expansion often takes place in response to population growth and geographic shifts of population. Such demographic change results in financial opportunities to engage with the new market as consumers of sports demand local teams to support. Major League Baseball (MLB) was limited to 16 teams located north and east of St. Louis, Missouri for the first half of the 20th century. During this time, the United States population doubled and expanded to the south and west. Rival interests explored the possibility of forming a rival league in these untapped markets. To forestall this possibility, one of the measures MLB took was to expand by four teams in 1961 and 1962. Over the past four decades, MLB expanded further to its current 30-team membership. In the context of MLB, the term "expansion team" is also used to refer to any of the 14 teams enfranchised in the second half of the 20th century.

When an expansion team begins play, it is generally stocked with less talented free agents and inexperienced players. Additionally, prospective owners may face expensive fees to the league as well as high start-up costs such as stadiums and facilities. As a result, most expansion teams are known for their poor play during their first few seasons. This can be exacerbated by the fact that leagues sometimes expand by two or four teams in one season for scheduling reasons, such as eliminating the possibility of a team being without an opponent on a preferred date due to an odd number of teams. In those cases, expansion teams must compete with their expansion rivals for available talent. Expansion teams are not usually doomed to mediocrity forever, as most leagues have policies which promote parity, such as drafts and salary caps, which gives some expansion teams the opportunity to win championships only a few years after their first season. The Arizona Diamondbacks won the 2001 World Series only three years after the team's founding in 1998, even though Major League Baseball is generally considered among the least conducive to parity, due to the lack of a salary cap. The Chicago Fire won MLS Cup in 1998 during just their first year of existence in Major League Soccer. Also, in the 1996 NFL season, only the second year of the Carolina Panthers' and Jacksonville Jaguars' existences, both teams finished conference runner-up. The Florida Panthers made the Stanley Cup Finals in only their 3rd season in the National Hockey League (NHL).

Most teams are considered as an expansion team usually in their first season and sometimes in their second season, although, especially for purists, Major League Baseball teams can be considered "expansion teams" indefinitely. A team that moves to another location and/or changes its name is not an expansion team. If they move, they are known as a relocated team, and if the name changes they are known as a renamed team. In response to a negative attitude some fans have towards relocated teams, there have recently been instances where relocating clubs change their identity completely; name, colours and mascot, but because the roster is the same, and because the league does not expand as a result, they are not regarded as expansion teams. An exception is the Baltimore Ravens of the National Football League (NFL). When the Cleveland Browns moved to Baltimore an agreement was reached whereby the history of the pre-1996 Cleveland Browns remained in that city and was claimed by the post-1999 Browns when the league placed a new franchise there; even though the actual team and roster had moved to Baltimore to become the Ravens.

Cities and regions with large populations that lack a team are generally regarded to be the best candidates for new teams. For example, the NFL has recently considered Los Angeles, California to be the best possibility for a brand new NFL team. Toronto, Ontario is its second choice. San Antonio, Texas has also been considered a possible location for expansion. The European Super League in rugby league has added teams from France and Wales to cover a great demographic spread.

A-League

2007

2009

2010

2012

Arena Football League

2011

2014

2015

Australian Football League

1908

1925

1987

1991

1995

1997

2011

2012

Canadian Football League

1993

1994

  • Baltimore Stallions (technically defunct) - The Stallions were the most successful team in the CFL's U.S. experiment, winning the Grey Cup in 1995. However, the impending relocation of the NFL's Cleveland Browns to Baltimore led the team to depart for Montreal, where it became the current version of the Montreal Alouettes. Despite this history, the CFL does not recognize the link between the Stallions and Alouettes, instead treating the Alouettes as a continuation of past CFL teams in Montreal.
  • Las Vegas Posse (defunct) - Also part of the CFL's failed U.S. experiment.
  • Shreveport Pirates (defunct) - Also part of the CFL's failed U.S. experiment.

1995

2002

2014

Indian Premier League

2011

Jim Beam Cup

2008

Kontinental Hockey League

2009

2010

2011

  • Lev Poprad
    • This team, based in Slovakia, was purchased after its first KHL season (2011–12) by Czech interests. It was disbanded and replaced by the similarly named Lev Praha. The latter team folded at the end of the 2013–14 season.

2012

2013

Major League Baseball

1961

1962

1969

1977

1993

1998

Major League Lacrosse

2006

2009

2012

2014

  • Florida Launch (Though the league considers it an expansion, it was a relocation of the management and player assets from the Hamilton Nationals, though the name, colors and team history remained in Hamilton)

Major League Soccer

1998

2005

  • Chivas USA (folded by the league)
    • Although Los Angeles FC will effectively replace Chivas in 2017, it will not share any of Chivas' history.
  • Real Salt Lake

2006

  • Houston Dynamo (though they maintained the roster of the San Jose Earthquakes)

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2015

2017

2018

National Basketball Association

1961

1966

1967

1968

1970

1974

1976

1980

1988

  • Miami Heat
  • Charlotte Hornets – The history of this franchise is detailed as follows:
    • 2002 – Franchise moves to New Orleans, keeping the Hornets name until becoming the New Orleans Pelicans prior to the 2013–14 season.
    • 2004 – The NBA returns to Charlotte with the expansion Charlotte Bobcats franchise.
    • 2014 – Following the New Orleans team's name change, the Bobcats reclaim the Hornets name effective with the 2014–15 season. In addition, the Hornets, Pelicans, and NBA agree that all history and records of every previous NBA team in Charlotte (including the original Charlotte Hornets) would belong to the revived Hornets.[1]

1989

1995

2002

  • New Orleans Hornets (now New Orleans Pelicans) – Following the 2014 assumption of the original Charlotte Hornets' history by the revived Charlotte Hornets, the Pelicans are now officially considered an expansion team that began play in the 2002–03 season.[1]

National Basketball League

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1988

1990

1992

1993

1998

1999

2004

2006

2007

National Football League

Only extant teams are listed. Two charter franchises, the Chicago (now Arizona) Cardinals and Chicago Bears (originally Decatur Staleys), are still active.

1921

1925

1931

1932

1933

1936

1950

Cleveland Browns- The history of this franchise is treated as follows:

  • 1996- The team moves to Baltimore, becoming the Ravens
  • 1999- Following the 1999 assumption of the Browns, the revived Browns received sole possession of history and records from the Ravens' time in Cleveland. While the history and records since the move to Baltimore remained with the Ravens.

San Francisco 49ers also join NFL after merger with All-America Football Conference.

1953

1960

1961

1966

1967

1970

1976

1995

1996

  • Baltimore Ravens - Following the 1999 assumption of the Cleveland Browns' history by the revived Cleveland Browns, the Baltimore Ravens are officially an expansion team that began play in the 1996 season.

2002

National Hockey League

1909

1917

1924

1925

1926

1967

1970

1972

1974

1979

1991

1992

1993

1998

1999

2000

National Lacrosse League

1989

1990

1992

1995

1996

1998

2000

2001

2002

2005

  • Georgia Swarm)

2006

2007

2009

National Rugby League

1910

1920

1921

  • St. George Dragons

1935

1947

1967

1982

1988

1995

1998

1999

2007

National Women's Soccer League

2014

2016

New South Wales Cup

2007

Northern Territory Football League

2006

Ontario Hockey League

1991

1995

1998

Philippine Basketball Association

1978

  • Filmanbank Bankers

1979

1980

  • CDCP Shippers

1983

  • Manhattan

1984

  • Manila Beer

1985

1986

1988

1990

1993

1999

2000

2002

2006

  • Welcoat Dragons (from the PBL, note that the promotion and relegation system was not used .)

2014

Pro12

2010

  • Aironi – A team formed specifically for the competition by several existing clubs in Northern Italy, with Viadana the lead side. The team folded when the Italian Rugby Federation (FIR) revoked its professional license effective with the end of the 2011–12 Pro12 season; it was replaced by the FIR-operated Zebre.
  • Benetton Treviso – Founded in 1932, it competed in Italian domestic leagues before joining what is now known as Pro12.

Quebec Major Junior Hockey League

2005

2012

Queensland Cup

2008

Super League (Australia)

1997

Super League

1995

2006

2009

  • Celtic Crusaders (later Crusaders Rugby League) – An expansion team only in the sense that they were invited into Super League. The club were established in 2005. After the 2011 season, the club folded due to financial problems; their effective successor club, the North Wales Crusaders, currently compete in Championship 1, two levels below Super League.
  • Salford City Reds – Also technically not an expansion team; they have existed since 1873, and played in Super League as recently as the 2007 season.

2012

  • Widnes Vikings – An expansion team only in the sense that they have been invited into the now-franchised Super League. The club have existed since 1875, were founding members of what is now the Rugby Football League in 1895, and participated in Super League as recently as 2005.

Super Rugby

2006

2011

2016

United Football League (2009)

2010

2011

Victorian Football League

1998

2001

Vodacom Cup

2010

  • Welwitschias (a developmental side for the Namibia national rugby union team).
    • This was the second time Namibia participated in the competition; it entered a team from 1999 to 2001. The team withdrew from the competition after the 2011 season due to financial constraints.
  • Pampas XV (a developmental side for the Argentina national rugby union team)
    • Argentina left the Vodacom Cup after the 2013 season, choosing instead to enter the IRB Pacific Cup from 2014. At that time, it was also expected that Argentina would be added to Super Rugby in the near future,[2] and the country would eventually receive a Super Rugby team beginning in 2016.

VTB United League

2010

West Australian Football League

1997

Western Hockey League

1991

1992

Red Deer Rebels

1995

1996

2001

2003

2006

2007

Women's National Basketball Association

1998

1999

2000

2006

2008

Women's National Basketball League

1983

  • AIS (defunct)

1984

1986

1989

1990

1992

2001

2007

2008

2015

Women's Professional Soccer

2010

2011

References

  1. ^ a b "Charlotte Hornets Name Returns to Carolinas". NBA.com. May 20, 2014. Retrieved May 20, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Radical changes as Argentina plans for the future". ESPN Scrum. 10 December 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
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