Expletive deleted

The phrase expletive deleted refers to profanity which has been censored by the author or by a subsequent censor, usually appearing in place of the profanity. The phrase became popular after the Watergate scandal.

Compelled by a subpoena to provide the contents of the White House taping system to the House Judiciary Committee, President Richard Nixon ordered transcripts of the tapes to be prepared. After a cursory inspection of the transcripts, Nixon, shocked at viewing several profanity-laced discussions amongst the White House's inner-circle, ordered that every use of profanity be replaced by "[EXPLETIVE DELETED]."[1]

The transcripts were published in The New York Times, and elicited shock in much of the country, given Nixon's generally staid public image and the fact that contemporary media coverage of politicians did not usually report candidates' profanity use. As Nixon biographer Jonathan Aitken noted, Nixon had a rather broad view on what constituted profanity, and had ordered minor outbursts like Christ and hell to be replaced as expletives. Seeing the jarring phrase repeatedly within the transcripts seemed to give the public the impression that the words used were far harsher than what actually appeared on the tapes.[2]

The phrase entered the public imagination to the point where protesters outside the White House held up picket signs reading, "IMPEACH THE (EXPLETIVE DELETED)!"

In later years, the phrase became commonplace as an ironic expression which indicates that a profanity has been omitted and passed into general usage as a convenient linguistic figleaf.

The term expletive is commonly used outside linguistics to refer to any "bad language" (or "profanity"), used with or without meaning. Expletives in this wide sense may be adjectives, adverbs, nouns or, most commonly, interjections, or (rarely) verbs. Within linguistics, an expletive always refers to a word without meaning, namely a syntactic expletive or expletive attributive. In this technical sense an expletive need not be rude.

See also


  1. ^ Language Log: Discussion of Nixon's use of profanity
  2. ^ Aitken, Johnathan: "Nixon, A Life" Page 515
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