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Fanfare band

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Fanfare band

Fanfare Bands, Fanfare Corps, Fanfare Battery or Trumpet and Drum Bands (the German Fanfarenzug and Fanfarenkorps and the French Batterie-Fanfares and Fanfares d'cavallerie) are military or civilian musical ensembles composed of percussion instruments, bugles, natural horns and natural trumpets which still exist in Germany, France, the Netherlands and Belgium. Fanfare bands are the descendants of the old medieval trumpet and drum teams that sounded fanfares on important occasions and are related to drum and bugle corps.

Introduction and History

Fanfare Bands are a unique type of marching and military band that plays for entertainment, public occasions and gatherings as well as competing in various competitions. They evolved from the medieval ensembles of trumpets and drums, and in the ensembles of trumpets and timpani which were formerly common in the mounted bands of cavalry regiments.

Beginning in the late Middle Ages, trumpets and drums (usually snares and tenors) would sound fanfares to make important holidays or ceremonial events. These instruments would also serve as timekeepers in various towns, and announce various special events. Incorporated in mounted bands since the 12th century, timpani and trumpets or bugles were, from the middle of the 15th century, employed to motivate mounted troops in battle as well as on parade.

The modern fanfare band first appeared during the 19th century, especially in Germany and France. In the beginning of the 20th century, the Band of the Republican Guard began developing its own fanfare and bugle section under its director Gabriel Defrance, thus the band and bugles of the French cavalry are the predecessors of today's ensembles. French civilian fanfare bands adopted similar styles at the same time. In 1935 as the Band and Bugles of the French Air Force under Claude Laty, further developed the modern fanfare band and its standard instrumentation as the band created its own fanfare and bugle section. The oldest and still playing Fanfare Band / Orchestra in the world was founded in Belgium in 1806 at Izegem and is currently known as the Koninklijke Stadsfanfaren Izegem (www.kfsi.be). [1] In Germany the use of fanfare ensembles was restricted to civilian bands from the late 18th century onward, although the fanfare trumpets survived in military bands till modern times−. These civil bands form the basis of today's ensembles. In the late 20th century even the use of the shoulder strap and the introduction of valved bugles and multiple tenor drums from the US revolutionized the ensembles and the instruments they use. Today several ensembles use brass instruments in addition to the standard instrumentation as well as the multiple tenor drum.

Instrumentation

Fanfare bands composed of either single or multiple tenor drums, snare drums, natural horns, natural trumpets, fanfare trumpets and bugles. Bass drums, cymbals, glockenspiels and timpani are sometimes added or are also permanent parts of the band instrumentation. The group is usually led by either a drum major or a bugle major that coordinates the timing and speed of the music being played. Only several bands in Germany add the turkish crescent as part of the ensemble. In France, they are sometimes paired with brass instruments, and are led by a bandmaster with a drum major.

Fanfare bands are sometimes paired with other marching musical ensembles of varying instrumentation or combined with a corps of drums composed of fifes, flutes, bugles, fanfare trumpets and percussion to form a type of massed field music unit and in several cases also paired up with brasses and woodwinds. They may also exist as a sub-unit of any of these ensembles.

Mounted Fanfare Bands

These bands employ brass instruments, timpani when mounted and marching percussion instruments when dismounted, glockenspiels, fanfare trumpets, core de chasse and natural horns. These military bands are meant for the cavalry, and only a few exist today in the armies of France and Argentina. In addition to the cavalry of the Republican Guard, the Armoured Cavalry branch of the French Army maintains a mounted fanfare detachment for ceremonial occasions.

A few such bands in Germany only performing as dismounted brass bands, with some wearing period uniforms. However a revival of the practice is underway in Lower Saxony, Germany. A newly founded brass band, the Helddragoner Brass Band, aiming to honor the legacy and traditions of the 16th (2nd Hannover) Dragoon Regiment of the Imperial German Army, got its horses and its very own drum horse in 2013 and when the training will be finished will become Germany's first ever military styled civilian mounted band.

References

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See also

Weblinks

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